Abstract

Optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers offer exciting prospects for generating new extremes in power, intensity, and pulse duration. An experiment is described that was used to investigate the operation of this scheme up to energies approaching a joule, as a step toward its implementation at the petawatt level. The results demonstrate an energy gain of 1010 with an energy extraction efficiency of 20% and close to diffraction-limited performance. Some spectral narrowing during amplification was shown to be compatible with the time-varying profile of the pump beam and consistent with the measured recompressed pulse durations of 260 and 300 fs before and after amplification, respectively.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. D. Perry, “Crossing the petawatt threshold,” Sci. Technol. Rev.4–11 (December1996).
  2. S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, “Generation of 0.1 TW 5 fs optical pulses at a 1 kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1564 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, T. Kobayashi, “Sub-5 fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268–2270 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, “Matching of group velocities in three-wave parametric interaction with femtosecond pulses and application to traveling wave generators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237–2244 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Wang, M. H. Dunn, C. F. Rae, “Polychromatic optical parametric generation by simultaneous phase matching over a large spectral bandwidth,” Opt. Lett. 22, 763–765 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Matousek, B. Rus, I. N. Ross, “Design of multi-petawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for the iodine laser ASTERIX IV,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 158–163 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. Ross, P. Matousek, C. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “Optical parametric chirped pulse amplification: experimental progress,” (Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX, England, 1997–1998), pp. 173–174.
  11. J. Zhang, J. Huang, Y. Shen, C. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium borate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1758–1764 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Baumgartner, R. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  13. See, for example, the SNLO software package at www.sandia.gov/imrl/XWEB1128/xxtal.htm .
  14. J. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, B. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).
  16. J. Collier, C. Danson, C. Johnson, C. Mistry, “Uniaxial single shot autocorrelator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 1599–1602 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2000

P. Matousek, B. Rus, I. N. Ross, “Design of multi-petawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for the iodine laser ASTERIX IV,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 158–163 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. Ross, P. Matousek, C. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, T. Kobayashi, “Sub-5 fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268–2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Collier, C. Danson, C. Johnson, C. Mistry, “Uniaxial single shot autocorrelator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 1599–1602 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

M. D. Perry, “Crossing the petawatt threshold,” Sci. Technol. Rev.4–11 (December1996).

1995

1993

1992

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

1979

R. Baumgartner, R. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1962

J. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, B. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Andreoni, A.

Armstrong, J.

J. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, B. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bareika, B.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Baumgartner, R.

R. Baumgartner, R. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Begishev, I.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Bloembergen, N.

J. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, B. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Burdulis, Sh.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Byer, R.

R. Baumgartner, R. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Cheng, Z.

Collier, J.

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

Danson, C.

Di Trapani, P.

Dubietis, A.

Ducuing, J.

J. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, B. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

Erofeev, E.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Foggi, P.

Gulamov, A.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

Huang, J.

Johnson, C.

J. Collier, C. Danson, C. Johnson, C. Mistry, “Uniaxial single shot autocorrelator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 1599–1602 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, T. Kobayashi, “Sub-5 fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268–2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

Matousek, P.

P. Matousek, B. Rus, I. N. Ross, “Design of multi-petawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for the iodine laser ASTERIX IV,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 158–163 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. Ross, P. Matousek, C. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mistry, C.

J. Collier, C. Danson, C. Johnson, C. Mistry, “Uniaxial single shot autocorrelator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 1599–1602 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “Optical parametric chirped pulse amplification: experimental progress,” (Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX, England, 1997–1998), pp. 173–174.

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry, “Crossing the petawatt threshold,” Sci. Technol. Rev.4–11 (December1996).

Pershan, B.

J. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, B. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, “Matching of group velocities in three-wave parametric interaction with femtosecond pulses and application to traveling wave generators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237–2244 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Rae, C. F.

Ross, I.

Ross, I. N.

P. Matousek, B. Rus, I. N. Ross, “Design of multi-petawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for the iodine laser ASTERIX IV,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 158–163 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “Optical parametric chirped pulse amplification: experimental progress,” (Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX, England, 1997–1998), pp. 173–174.

Rus, B.

P. Matousek, B. Rus, I. N. Ross, “Design of multi-petawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for the iodine laser ASTERIX IV,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 158–163 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sakane, I.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, T. Kobayashi, “Sub-5 fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268–2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

Shen, Y.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, T. Kobayashi, “Sub-5 fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268–2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sirutkaitis, V.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Solcia, C.

Spielmann, Ch.

Takasaka, M.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, T. Kobayashi, “Sub-5 fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268–2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Usmanov, T.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Walczak, J.

Wang, J.

Zhang, J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, T. Kobayashi, “Sub-5 fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268–2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. Matousek, B. Rus, I. N. Ross, “Design of multi-petawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for the iodine laser ASTERIX IV,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 158–163 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Baumgartner, R. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

J. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, B. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

J. Collier, C. Danson, C. Johnson, C. Mistry, “Uniaxial single shot autocorrelator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 1599–1602 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Technol. Rev.

M. D. Perry, “Crossing the petawatt threshold,” Sci. Technol. Rev.4–11 (December1996).

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett.

B. Bareika, I. Begishev, Sh. Burdulis, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, T. Usmanov, “Highly efficient parametric generation during pumping with high-power subnanosecond pulses,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 78–79 (1986).

Other

See, for example, the SNLO software package at www.sandia.gov/imrl/XWEB1128/xxtal.htm .

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “Optical parametric chirped pulse amplification: experimental progress,” (Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX, England, 1997–1998), pp. 173–174.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic design for the OPCPA experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated performance of the two-stage OPCPA: (a) input and output pump profiles for the second-stage OPA, (b) input and output signal profiles, (c) second-stage efficiency into the signal pulse versus input signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated input and output pulse temporal profiles that we obtained by taking the Fourier transforms of the input and output spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic layout of the OPCPA experiment.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured (circles) and theoretical (curve) values of gain versus intensity for the two amplifiers in series.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated and measured spectra for (a) unamplified and (b) amplified pulses. Experimental profiles are represented by continuous lines.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Autocorrelation traces of recompressed (a) unamplified and (b) amplified pulses.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Far-field spatial profiles for (a) unamplified and (b) amplified pulses.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

GLBO=0.25 exp8.4Ipump,GKDP=0.25 exp4.4Ipump.
L=120fLdff1-ff+ργ2Ipump-Δk/22f21/2,
Isignal=λpumpλsignal fIpump+Isignalin,
Fsignal= Isignal dt,
Esignal= Fsignal 2πrdr.
Ipump=0.28IP1+1-exp-t/501+exp-t/50×exp-t/20001+1-exp-600-t/501+exp-600-t/50.

Metrics