Abstract

The relation between the total Raman scattering coefficient of water (b r) and the Raman scattering cross section of liquid water is clarified. Consideration of the experimental configurations used to derive the Raman scattering cross section of water relative to benzene leads to a revised value of b r for water. In certain applications in marine optics it is necessary to scale b r to effect a change from implicit units of energy to quanta.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–403 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. H. Stavn, A. D. Weidemann, “Optical modeling of clear ocean light fields: Raman scattering effects,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4002–4011 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. C. D. Mobley, B. Gentili, H. R. Gordon, Z. Jin, G. W. Kattawar, A. Morel, P. Reinersman, K. Stamnes, R. H. Stavn, “Comparison of numerical models for computing underwater light fields,” Appl. Opt. 32, 7484–7504 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. B. R. Marshall, R. C. Smith, “Raman scattering and in-water ocean optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 29, 71–84 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. S. Bartlett, K. J. Voss, S. Sathyendranath, A. Vodacek, “Raman scattering by pure water and seawater,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3324–3332 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. R. Gordon, “Contribution of Raman scattering to water-leaving radiance: a reexamination,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3166–3174 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. W. Schrötter, H. W. Klöckner, “Raman scattering cross sections in gases and liquids,” in Raman Spectroscopy of Gases and Liquids, A. Weber, ed., Vol. 11 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1979), pp. 123–166.
    [Crossref]
  8. J. S. Bartlett, College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331. (personal communication, 1999).
  9. J. G. Skinner, W. G. Nilsen, “Absolute Raman scattering cross-section measurement of the 992 cm-1 line of benzene,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 113–119 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Kato, H. Takuma, “Absolute measurement of Raman-scattering cross sections of liquids,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 347–350 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  11. This is the result of a study the author did in 1994.
  12. C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters (Academic, New York, 1994).

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–403 (1984).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

1968 (1)

Bartlett, J. S.

J. S. Bartlett, K. J. Voss, S. Sathyendranath, A. Vodacek, “Raman scattering by pure water and seawater,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3324–3332 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. S. Bartlett, College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331. (personal communication, 1999).

Gentili, B.

Gordon, H. R.

Jin, Z.

Kato, Y.

Kattawar, G. W.

Kishino, M.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–403 (1984).
[Crossref]

Klöckner, H. W.

H. W. Schrötter, H. W. Klöckner, “Raman scattering cross sections in gases and liquids,” in Raman Spectroscopy of Gases and Liquids, A. Weber, ed., Vol. 11 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1979), pp. 123–166.
[Crossref]

Marshall, B. R.

Mobley, C. D.

Morel, A.

Nilsen, W. G.

Okami, N.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–403 (1984).
[Crossref]

Reinersman, P.

Sathyendranath, S.

Schrötter, H. W.

H. W. Schrötter, H. W. Klöckner, “Raman scattering cross sections in gases and liquids,” in Raman Spectroscopy of Gases and Liquids, A. Weber, ed., Vol. 11 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1979), pp. 123–166.
[Crossref]

Skinner, J. G.

Smith, R. C.

Stamnes, K.

Stavn, R. H.

Sugihara, S.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–403 (1984).
[Crossref]

Takuma, H.

Vodacek, A.

Voss, K. J.

Weidemann, A. D.

Appl. Opt. (5)

J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. (1)

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–403 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Other (4)

This is the result of a study the author did in 1994.

C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters (Academic, New York, 1994).

H. W. Schrötter, H. W. Klöckner, “Raman scattering cross sections in gases and liquids,” in Raman Spectroscopy of Gases and Liquids, A. Weber, ed., Vol. 11 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1979), pp. 123–166.
[Crossref]

J. S. Bartlett, College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331. (personal communication, 1999).

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Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Isνo-νr=σIoνo.
br=σN,
br;q=νo/νsbr.
c=a+b+br;q.

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