Abstract

New designs for acousto-optic tunable filters and electro-optic tunable filters with the Mach–Zehnder configuration are proposed. The new designs differ from conventional designs in three respects: (1) polarizing beam splitters are not required, (2) the optical path difference for the waveguides between the beam splitters is a half-wavelength, and (3) the relative positions of the polarization coupling regions in the two waveguides are displaced in the propagation direction by half of the spatial period of the perturbation responsible for the coupling. Because the new designs provide an additional degree of freedom in achieving the required beam-splitter performance, they are expected to be much easier to fabricate than conventional filter designs with polarizing beam splitters.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Hsu, C. M. Miller, Y. Bao, “Fiber Fabry–Perot interferometers with very low polarization sensitivity,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6617–6620 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. Stone, L. W. Stulz, “High-performance fibre Fabry-Perot filters,” Electron. Lett. 27, 2239–2240 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Dragone, “An NxN optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of 2 star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812–815 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Dragone, “Efficient technique for widening the passband of a wavelength router,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1895–1906 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530–2536 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Warzanski, F. Heismann, R. C. Alferness, “Polarization-independent electrooptically tunable narrow-band wavelength filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 13–15 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, “Polarization-independent electro-optically tunable wavelength filter in LiTaO3,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1758–1759 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1993), Chap. 4.
  14. H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, “Guided wave optics,” Proc. IEEE 62, 1044–1060 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. S. Tsai, “Guided wave acoustooptic Bragg modulator for wide-band integrated optic communications and signal processing,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 26, 1072–1098 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Pohlman, A. Neyer, E. Voges, “Polarization independent Ti:LiNbO3 switches and filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 602–607 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acoustooptic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1998

1996

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

K. Hsu, C. M. Miller, Y. Bao, “Fiber Fabry–Perot interferometers with very low polarization sensitivity,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6617–6620 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acoustooptic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, “Polarization-independent electro-optically tunable wavelength filter in LiTaO3,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1758–1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

T. Pohlman, A. Neyer, E. Voges, “Polarization independent Ti:LiNbO3 switches and filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 602–607 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. Stone, L. W. Stulz, “High-performance fibre Fabry-Perot filters,” Electron. Lett. 27, 2239–2240 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Dragone, “An NxN optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of 2 star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812–815 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988

W. Warzanski, F. Heismann, R. C. Alferness, “Polarization-independent electrooptically tunable narrow-band wavelength filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 13–15 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1979

C. S. Tsai, “Guided wave acoustooptic Bragg modulator for wide-band integrated optic communications and signal processing,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 26, 1072–1098 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, “Guided wave optics,” Proc. IEEE 62, 1044–1060 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

W. Warzanski, F. Heismann, R. C. Alferness, “Polarization-independent electrooptically tunable narrow-band wavelength filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 13–15 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Y.

Bao, Z.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baran, J. E.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acoustooptic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bolodeau, F.

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, E. M.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chakravarthy, R.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

d’Alessandro, A.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acoustooptic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

C. Dragone, “Efficient technique for widening the passband of a wavelength router,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1895–1906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Dragone, “An NxN optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of 2 star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812–815 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Eknoyan, O.

Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, “Polarization-independent electro-optically tunable wavelength filter in LiTaO3,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1758–1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fischbeck, G.

C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, D. J.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1993), Chap. 4.

Harizi, C.

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heismann, F.

W. Warzanski, F. Heismann, R. C. Alferness, “Polarization-independent electrooptically tunable narrow-band wavelength filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 13–15 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hermann, H.

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, H.

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K.

Hua, P.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. H.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.-M.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kostrzewa, C.

C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. D.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Miles, E. W.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. M.

Moosburger, R.

C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Neyer, A.

T. Pohlman, A. Neyer, E. Voges, “Polarization independent Ti:LiNbO3 switches and filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 602–607 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pohlman, T.

T. Pohlman, A. Neyer, E. Voges, “Polarization independent Ti:LiNbO3 switches and filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 602–607 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Reimann, V.

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ricken, R.

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rust, U.

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schuppert, B.

C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acoustooptic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stone, L.

L. Stone, L. W. Stulz, “High-performance fibre Fabry-Perot filters,” Electron. Lett. 27, 2239–2240 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stone, R. L.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

L. Stone, L. W. Stulz, “High-performance fibre Fabry-Perot filters,” Electron. Lett. 27, 2239–2240 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z.

Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, “Polarization-independent electro-optically tunable wavelength filter in LiTaO3,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1758–1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, “Polarization-independent electro-optically tunable wavelength filter in LiTaO3,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1758–1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, “Guided wave optics,” Proc. IEEE 62, 1044–1060 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Theriault, S.

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tian, F.

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. S.

C. S. Tsai, “Guided wave acoustooptic Bragg modulator for wide-band integrated optic communications and signal processing,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 26, 1072–1098 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Voges, E.

T. Pohlman, A. Neyer, E. Voges, “Polarization independent Ti:LiNbO3 switches and filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 602–607 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Warzanski, W.

W. Warzanski, F. Heismann, R. C. Alferness, “Polarization-independent electrooptically tunable narrow-band wavelength filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 13–15 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wehrmann, F.

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Westenhofer, S.

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, “Guided wave optics,” Proc. IEEE 62, 1044–1060 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X. Y.

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

W. Warzanski, F. Heismann, R. C. Alferness, “Polarization-independent electrooptically tunable narrow-band wavelength filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 13–15 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, “Polarization-independent electro-optically tunable wavelength filter in LiTaO3,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1758–1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Stone, L. W. Stulz, “High-performance fibre Fabry-Perot filters,” Electron. Lett. 27, 2239–2240 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Pohlman, A. Neyer, E. Voges, “Polarization independent Ti:LiNbO3 switches and filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 602–607 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

F. Wehrmann, C. Harizi, H. Hermann, U. Rust, W. Sohler, S. Westenhofer, “Integrated optical, wavelength selective acoustooptically tunable 2 × 2 switches (add-drop multiplexers) in LiNbO3,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 263–269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acoustooptic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Bolodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “An all-fiber dense wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, “Novel add/drop filters for wavelength-division-multiplexing optical fiber systems using a Bragg grating assisted mismatched coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656–1658 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Kostrzewa, R. Moosburger, G. Fischbeck, B. Schuppert, K. Petermann, “Tunable polymer optical add/drop filter for multiwavelength networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1487–1489 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Dragone, “An NxN optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of 2 star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812–815 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.

C. S. Tsai, “Guided wave acoustooptic Bragg modulator for wide-band integrated optic communications and signal processing,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 26, 1072–1098 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

C. Dragone, “Efficient technique for widening the passband of a wavelength router,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1895–1906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian, C. Harizi, H. Herrmann, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, U. Rust, W. Sohler, F. Wehrmann, S. Westenhofer, “Polarization-independent integrated optical, acoustooptically tunable double-stage wavelength filter in LiNbO3,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1192–1196 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, R. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S.-M. Hwang, A. E. Willner, K. D. Li, “Evolution of the acousto-optic wavelength routing switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005–1019 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, “Guided wave optics,” Proc. IEEE 62, 1044–1060 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1993), Chap. 4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conventional AOTF design.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Conventional EOTF design.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Four-port beam splitter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

New AOTF design.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

New EOTF design.

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

OP=CPIP,
IP=IP1IP2,
OP=OP1OP2,
CP=cP11cP12cP12cP11.
cP11=cosκPL,
cP12=i sinκPL,
OP=CPMπCPIP,
Mπ=100-1.
OP=cP112-cP12200cp122-cp112IP.
OP=MπIP.
OP=CPMπMπCPIP.
OP=CPCPIP.
CPCP=cosΘi sinΘi sinΘcosΘ,
Θ=κTEL+κTML,
fTEii+fTMii=1
fPij=|cP|ij2.
C=PjkPjj,
C=sin2πνk-νc2νc.

Metrics