Abstract

We report efficient amplification of an external cavity diode laser in the 1.06-µm range. The diode laser radiation is coupled into a Nd-doped silica fiber. The fiber is pumped by a diode array with up to 6.15 W of power. After a single pass of the seed radiation through the fiber amplifier, we observe up to 1.74 W of single-mode, narrow-linewidth laser radiation that is tunable over a relatively wide range of 1.060–1.067 µm. The output from our amplifier has the same spectral characteristics as the seed beam.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).
  2. M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.
  3. E. S. Fry, Y. Emery, X. Quan, J. W. Katz, “Accuracy limitations on Brillouin lidar measurements of temperature and sound speed in the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6887–6894 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Emery, E. S. Fry, “Laboratory development of a LIDAR for measurement of sound velocity in the ocean using Brillouin scattering,” in Ocean Optics XIII, S. G. Ackleson, ed., Proc. SPIE2963, 210–215 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. Y. Ou, S. F. Pereira, E. S. Polzik, H. J. Kimble, “85% efficiency for cw frequency doubling from 1.08 to 0.54 µm,” Opt. Lett. 17, 640–642 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Emery, A. Fleischhauer, Th. Walther, E. S. Fry, “Angle-tuned type II external cavity frequency doubling without temperature stabilization,” Appl. Opt. 38, 972–975 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. M. Macfarlane, T. L. Harris, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, “Measurement of photon echoes in Er:Y2Y2SiO5 at 1.5 µm with a diode laser and an amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 22, 871–873 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. E. Whitcomb, “Precision laser interferometry in the LIGO project,” Laser Phys. 6, 295–299 (1996).
  11. T. J. Kane, R. L. Byer, “Monolithic, unidirectional single-mode Nd:YAG ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 10, 65–67 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

1999 (1)

1997 (3)

1996 (2)

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. E. Whitcomb, “Precision laser interferometry in the LIGO project,” Laser Phys. 6, 295–299 (1996).

1992 (1)

1985 (1)

Araki, T.

Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

Byer, R. L.

Chaplin, R. P.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chu, P. L.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
[Crossref]

Collins, R.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Cone, R. L.

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).

Emery, Y.

Engstrom, B.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Equall, R. W.

Fleischhauer, A.

Fry, E. S.

Gavrilovic, P.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Harris, T. L.

Hirano, Y.

Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

Hisada, Y.

Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

Kane, T. J.

Kasahara, K.

Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

Katz, J. W.

Kea, D.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Kimble, H. J.

Kurosawa, T.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Laliberte, B.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Macfarlane, R. M.

Miki, Y.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Minns, R.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Muendel, M. H.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Nakagawa, K.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Okumura, K.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Onae, A.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ou, Z. Y.

Peng, G. D.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pereira, S. F.

Polzik, E. S.

Quan, X.

Robinson, R.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Rockney, B.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Rowley, A.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Sakuma, E.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shoji, Y.

Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

Sun, Y.

Walther, Th.

Whitbread, T.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
[Crossref]

Whitcomb, S. E.

S. E. Whitcomb, “Precision laser interferometry in the LIGO project,” Laser Phys. 6, 295–299 (1996).

Xiong, Z.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yoda, J.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, M.

Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

Zhang, Y.

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Laser Phys. (1)

S. E. Whitcomb, “Precision laser interferometry in the LIGO project,” Laser Phys. 6, 295–299 (1996).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, “Saturation spectroscopy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 142, 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. Whitbread, R. P. Chaplin, “Broadband tunable optical amplification in Rhodamine B-doped step-index polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 129, 353–357 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (4)

Y. Hirano, Y. Shoji, K. Kasahara, M. Yoshida, T. Araki, Y. Hisada, “Multiwatt operation of square shaped double clad Nd:doped fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 427.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).

M. H. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-watt cw singlemode Ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 µm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), Postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Y. Emery, E. S. Fry, “Laboratory development of a LIDAR for measurement of sound velocity in the ocean using Brillouin scattering,” in Ocean Optics XIII, S. G. Ackleson, ed., Proc. SPIE2963, 210–215 (1997).
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of the external cavity diode/fiber amplifier. The seed laser diode output is coupled through a launching fiber into an optical circulator. The output of the amplifier is analyzed with a Fabry–Perot (FP) etalon and the power is measured. FI, Faraday isolator; BSP, beam-splitting polarizer; HR, high reflectors; L1 and L2, imaging lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus pump power of the fiber amplifier for a single pass. The data were taken with the MISER.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the amplified output. (a) Broadband spectra (obtained with a monochromator) showing the ASE of the system (logarithmic scale). (b) The spectra observed with a scanning Fabry–Perot etalon whose free spectral range is 1.5 GHz. The inset shows the corresponding spectrum of the seed source for comparison. The resolution is instrument limited. (c) A heterodyne spectrum between the amplified output of our fiber amplifier and a second MISER.

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