Abstract

Silver halide sensitized gelatin (SHSG) is one of the most interesting techniques for the production of holographic optical elements, achieving relatively high sensitivity of photographic material with a low scattering of dichromated gelatin. Here we present experimental results for SHSG derived from the novel BB-640, a red-sensitive ultra-fine-grain emulsion from Holographic Recording Technologies (Steinau, Germany). The material is characterized before recording and after processing, and information about the thickness, absorption, and refractive-index modulation of the final holograms is obtained. The influence of the developer is analyzed, and diffraction efficiencies as great as 96.2% (after allowing for reflections) with a transmission of 1% and absorption and scatter losses of 2.8% are obtained with AAC developer. Our investigations reveal that high-quality SHSG transmission holograms may be obtained with the new BB-640 plates.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 252–262.
  2. P. Hariharan, Optical Holography (Cambridge University, London, 1996), pp. 111–112.
  3. K. S. Pennington, J. S. Harper, “Techniques for producing low-noise, improved efficiency holograms,” Appl. Opt. 9, 1643–1650 (1970).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. R. Graver, J. W. Gladden, J. W. Eastes, “Phase holograms formed by silver halide (sensitized) gelatin processing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1529–1536 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.215, 172–177 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. A. Ferrante, “Silver halide gelatin spatial frequency response,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4180–4181 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Hariharan, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms: mechanism of hologram formation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2040–2042 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. K. Angell, “Improved diffraction efficiency of silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4692–4702 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holography Techniques and Applications, W. P. Jueptner, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1026, 55–61 (1988).
  10. V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2004–2010 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized procedure,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Colemann, “Dichromated gelatin: some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1914, 101–114 (1993).
  14. I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).
  15. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star-coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. J. Phillips, “Agfa-Gevaert departure: problem, or a new dawn for holography?” Holography Newsletter 8(1), 7 (1997).
  18. R. Birenheide, “The BB series silver halide holographic recording material,” Holography Newsletter 8(1) , 12 (1997).
  19. R. Birenheide, “BB emulsion series: current standings and future developments,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.3358, 28–30 (1997).
  20. N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).
  21. H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 107.
  22. A. Kozma, “Effects of film-grain noise in holography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 436–438 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 82–83.
  24. R. K. Kostuk, J. W. Goodman, “Refractive index modulation mechanism in bleached silver halide holograms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 369–371 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 18–19.
  27. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Crespo, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Fixation-free methods in bleached reflection holography,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1642–1645 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. R. Changkakoti, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  30. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. L. Joly, R. Vanhorebeek, “Development effects in white-light reflection holography,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 108–113 (1980).

1998 (1)

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

N. J. Phillips, “Agfa-Gevaert departure: problem, or a new dawn for holography?” Holography Newsletter 8(1), 7 (1997).

R. Birenheide, “The BB series silver halide holographic recording material,” Holography Newsletter 8(1) , 12 (1997).

1995 (1)

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star-coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (3)

R. K. Kostuk, J. W. Goodman, “Refractive index modulation mechanism in bleached silver halide holograms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 369–371 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized procedure,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

1989 (1)

R. Changkakoti, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

1984 (2)

R. A. Ferrante, “Silver halide gelatin spatial frequency response,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4180–4181 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

1980 (2)

W. R. Graver, J. W. Gladden, J. W. Eastes, “Phase holograms formed by silver halide (sensitized) gelatin processing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1529–1536 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Joly, R. Vanhorebeek, “Development effects in white-light reflection holography,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 108–113 (1980).

1970 (1)

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

Angell, D. K.

Barnett, C. A.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Colemann, “Dichromated gelatin: some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1914, 101–114 (1993).

Beléndez, A.

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized procedure,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

Birenheide, R.

R. Birenheide, “The BB series silver halide holographic recording material,” Holography Newsletter 8(1) , 12 (1997).

R. Birenheide, “BB emulsion series: current standings and future developments,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.3358, 28–30 (1997).

Bjelkhagen, H. I.

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 107.

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 252–262.

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 82–83.

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 18–19.

Chang, B. J.

B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.215, 172–177 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Changkakoti, R.

R. Changkakoti, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Colemann, Z. A.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Colemann, “Dichromated gelatin: some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1914, 101–114 (1993).

Crespo, J.

Eastes, J. W.

Ferrante, R. A.

Fimia, A.

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized procedure,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

J. Crespo, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Fixation-free methods in bleached reflection holography,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1642–1645 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flores, M.

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Friesem, A. A.

Gladden, J. W.

Goodman, J. W.

Graver, W. R.

Hare, T.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Hariharan, P.

Harper, J. S.

Heyworth, H.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Joly, L.

L. Joly, R. Vanhorebeek, “Development effects in white-light reflection holography,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 108–113 (1980).

Kavehrad, M.

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star-coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kostuk, R. K.

Kozma, A.

Millul, E.

V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holography Techniques and Applications, W. P. Jueptner, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1026, 55–61 (1988).

Neipp, C.

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pappu, S. V.

R. Changkakoti, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pascual, I.

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized procedure,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

Pennington, K. S.

Phillips, N. J.

N. J. Phillips, “Agfa-Gevaert departure: problem, or a new dawn for holography?” Holography Newsletter 8(1), 7 (1997).

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Colemann, “Dichromated gelatin: some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1914, 101–114 (1993).

Quintana, J. A.

Rallison, R. D.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Colemann, “Dichromated gelatin: some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1914, 101–114 (1993).

Schicker, S. R.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Colemann, “Dichromated gelatin: some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1914, 101–114 (1993).

Simova, E. S.

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star-coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vanhorebeek, R.

L. Joly, R. Vanhorebeek, “Development effects in white-light reflection holography,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 108–113 (1980).

Weiss, V.

V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2004–2010 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holography Techniques and Applications, W. P. Jueptner, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1026, 55–61 (1988).

Winick, K.

B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.215, 172–177 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (9)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Holography Newsletter (2)

N. J. Phillips, “Agfa-Gevaert departure: problem, or a new dawn for holography?” Holography Newsletter 8(1), 7 (1997).

R. Birenheide, “The BB series silver halide holographic recording material,” Holography Newsletter 8(1) , 12 (1997).

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized procedure,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Photogr. Sci. (1)

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Opt. Appl. (1)

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

Opt. Eng. (1)

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star-coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (2)

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Changkakoti, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Photogr. Sci. Eng. (1)

L. Joly, R. Vanhorebeek, “Development effects in white-light reflection holography,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 108–113 (1980).

Other (9)

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 18–19.

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 107.

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 82–83.

R. Birenheide, “BB emulsion series: current standings and future developments,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.3358, 28–30 (1997).

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), pp. 252–262.

P. Hariharan, Optical Holography (Cambridge University, London, 1996), pp. 111–112.

B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.215, 172–177 (1980).
[CrossRef]

V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holography Techniques and Applications, W. P. Jueptner, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1026, 55–61 (1988).

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Colemann, “Dichromated gelatin: some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1914, 101–114 (1993).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorbance curves for BB-640 emulsion with and without pretreatment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

D-log E curves for (a) BB-640 and (b) Agfa 8E75 HD emulsions with and without pretreatment. D-19 developer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured diffracted and transmitted beam intensities versus exposure under Bragg condition and for hypersensitized (a) BB-640 and (b) Agfa 8E75 HD plates developed with D-19.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental measurements and theoretical fit (solid curve) of transmission as a function of the reconstruction angle in air for pretreated plates developed with D-19: (a) BB-640 emulsion, (b) Agfa 8E75 HD emulsion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

D-log E curves for pretreated BB-640 emulsion and for D-19 and AAC developers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured diffracted and transmitted beam efficiencies versus exposure for pretreated BB-640 plates and for two developers: D-19 and AAC. Reconstruction was performed at Bragg angle.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Variation of (a) the absorption and scattering and (b) the scattered light intensity with exposure for SHSG transmission gratings recorded with pretreated BB-640 plates and for two developers: D-19 and AAC.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup for the measurement of scattered radiation.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Spatial-frequency response for hypersensitized BB-640 emulsion and for AAC and D-19 developers.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Numerical Values of the Parameters σ, L, and fs for Agfa 8E75 HD and BB-640 Emulsions (λ = 633 nm)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Developer and Bleach Formulas

Tables Icon

Table 3 Parameters of Holographic Gratings Recorded in BB-640 and Agfa 8E75 HD Emulsionsa

Tables Icon

Table 4 Characteristics of Holographic Gratings Recorded in BB-640 Photographic Emulsiona

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L=1/Nσ,
fs=1/Nσd.
σ=π122πλ4ng4nh2-ng2nh2+2ng22 δ6,
mAgBr=dNπδ3ρ6,
N=6mAgBrdπδ3ρ.
D=log101/T,
η=exp-αd/cos θsin2ν2+ξ21/21+ξ2/ν2,
ν=πΔndλ cos θ,
ξ=πdΛ cos θ|sin θ|-λ2nΛ.
Λ=(λ/2 sin θ0),
η+τ=exp-αd/cos θ
τ=exp-αd/cos θ-η,
τ=exp-αd/cos θ1-sin2ν2+ξ21/21+ξ2/ν2.

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