Abstract

We show that three-dimensional incoherent primary sources can be reconstructed from finite-aperture Fresnel-zone mutual intensity measurements by means of coordinate and Fourier transformation. The spatial bandpass and impulse response for three-dimensional imaging that result from use of this approach are derived. The transverse and longitudinal resolutions are evaluated as functions of aperture size and source distance. The longitudinal resolution of three-dimensional coherence imaging falls inversely with the square of the source distance in both the Fresnel and Fraunhofer zones. We experimentally measure the three-dimensional point-spread function by using a rotational shear interferometer.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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