Abstract

A method is described for the empirical determination of altitude range resolutions of ozone profiles obtained by differential absorption lidar (DIAL) analysis. The algorithm is independent of the implementation of the DIAL analysis, in particular of the type and order of the vertical smoothing filter applied. An interpretation of three definitions of altitude range resolution is given on the basis of simulations carried out with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory ozone DIAL analysis program, SO3ANL. These definitions yield altitude range resolutions that differ by as much as a factor of 2. It is shown that the altitude resolution calculated by SO3ANL, and reported with all Jet Propulsion Laboratory lidar ozone profiles, corresponds closely to the full width at half-maximum of a retrieved ozone profile if an impulse function is used as the input ozone profile.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Werner, K. W. Rothe, H. Walther, “Monitoring of the stratospheric ozone layer by laser radar,” Appl. Phys. B 32, 113–118 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. J. Megie, G. Ancellet, J. Pelon, “Lidar measurements of vertical ozone profiles,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3454–3463 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, L. O. Lindquist, “Ground-based laser DIAL system for long-term measurements of stratospheric ozone,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3603–3612 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, T. D. Walsh, “Results from the JPL stratospheric ozone lidar during STOIC 1989,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9263–9272 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing, Fundamentals and Applications (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  9. S. M. Godin, “Études expérimentale par télédétection laser et modélisation de la distribution verticale d’ozone dans la haute stratosphére,” dissertation (Université Paris VI, Paris, 1987).
  10. R. W. Hamming, Digital Filters (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1989).
  11. R. E. Warren, “Concentration estimation from differential absorption lidar using nonstationary Wiener filtering,” Appl. Opt. 28, 5047–5051 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Fujimoto, O. Uchino, “Estimation of the error caused by smoothing on DIAL measurements of stratospheric ozone,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 72, 605–611 (1994).
  13. W. Steinbrecht, “Lidar measurements of ozone, aerosol and temperature in the stratosphere,” dissertation (York University, North York, Ontario, Canada, 1994).
  14. T. J. McGee, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. 20771 (personal communication, 1998).
  15. J. J. Tsou, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton Va. 23681 (personal communication, 1998).

1995 (3)

I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, T. D. Walsh, “Results from the JPL stratospheric ozone lidar during STOIC 1989,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9263–9272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Fujimoto, O. Uchino, “Estimation of the error caused by smoothing on DIAL measurements of stratospheric ozone,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 72, 605–611 (1994).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

J. Werner, K. W. Rothe, H. Walther, “Monitoring of the stratospheric ozone layer by laser radar,” Appl. Phys. B 32, 113–118 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ancellet, G.

Barnes, R. A.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brothers, G. B.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Burris, J.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Connor, B. J.

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ferrare, R. A.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, T.

T. Fujimoto, O. Uchino, “Estimation of the error caused by smoothing on DIAL measurements of stratospheric ozone,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 72, 605–611 (1994).

Godin, S. M.

I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, T. D. Walsh, “Results from the JPL stratospheric ozone lidar during STOIC 1989,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9263–9272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, L. O. Lindquist, “Ground-based laser DIAL system for long-term measurements of stratospheric ozone,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3603–3612 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Godin, “Études expérimentale par télédétection laser et modélisation de la distribution verticale d’ozone dans la haute stratosphére,” dissertation (Université Paris VI, Paris, 1987).

Hamming, R. W.

R. W. Hamming, Digital Filters (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1989).

Hirono, M.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kerr, J. B.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Khono, J.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Komhyr, W. D.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lindquist, L. O.

Maeda, M.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Margitan, J. J.

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, M. P.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McDermid, I. S.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, T. D. Walsh, “Results from the JPL stratospheric ozone lidar during STOIC 1989,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9263–9272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, L. O. Lindquist, “Ground-based laser DIAL system for long-term measurements of stratospheric ozone,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3603–3612 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McElroy, C. T.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McGee, T. J.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. McGee, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. 20771 (personal communication, 1998).

Measures, R. M.

R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing, Fundamentals and Applications (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Megie, G. J.

Miller, A. J.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nagasawa, C.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Owens, M.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Parrish, A. D.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Parsons, C. L.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pelon, J.

Rothe, K. W.

J. Werner, K. W. Rothe, H. Walther, “Monitoring of the stratospheric ozone layer by laser radar,” Appl. Phys. B 32, 113–118 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, T.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Steinbrecht, W.

W. Steinbrecht, “Lidar measurements of ozone, aerosol and temperature in the stratosphere,” dissertation (York University, North York, Ontario, Canada, 1994).

Torre, A. L.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tsou, J. J.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Tsou, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton Va. 23681 (personal communication, 1998).

Uchino, O.

T. Fujimoto, O. Uchino, “Estimation of the error caused by smoothing on DIAL measurements of stratospheric ozone,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 72, 605–611 (1994).

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, T. D.

I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, T. D. Walsh, “Results from the JPL stratospheric ozone lidar during STOIC 1989,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9263–9272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

J. Werner, K. W. Rothe, H. Walther, “Monitoring of the stratospheric ozone layer by laser radar,” Appl. Phys. B 32, 113–118 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Warren, R. E.

Werner, J.

J. Werner, K. W. Rothe, H. Walther, “Monitoring of the stratospheric ozone layer by laser radar,” Appl. Phys. B 32, 113–118 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Whiteman, D.

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Werner, K. W. Rothe, H. Walther, “Monitoring of the stratospheric ozone layer by laser radar,” Appl. Phys. B 32, 113–118 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, J. Khono, T. Shibata, C. Nagasawa, M. Hirono, “Observation of the stratospheric ozone layer by XeCl laser radar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 821–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (3)

I. S. McDermid, S. M. Godin, T. D. Walsh, “Results from the JPL stratospheric ozone lidar during STOIC 1989,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9263–9272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Komhyr, B. J. Connor, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, A. D. Parrish, J. J. Margitan, “Comparison of STOIC 1989 ground-based lidar, microwave spectrometer, and Dobson spectrometer Umkehr ozone profiles with ozone profiles from balloon-borne electrochemical concentration cell ozone sondes,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9273–9282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Margitan, R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. Butler, J. Burris, B. J. Connor, R. A. Ferrare, J. B. Kerr, W. D. Komhyr, M. P. McCormick, I. S. McDermid, C. T. McElroy, T. J. McGee, A. J. Miller, M. Owens, A. D. Parrish, C. L. Parsons, A. L. Torre, J. J. Tsou, T. D. Walsh, D. Whiteman, “Stratospheric ozone intercomparison campaign (STOIC) 1989: overview,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, D5, 9193–9207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. (1)

T. Fujimoto, O. Uchino, “Estimation of the error caused by smoothing on DIAL measurements of stratospheric ozone,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 72, 605–611 (1994).

Other (6)

W. Steinbrecht, “Lidar measurements of ozone, aerosol and temperature in the stratosphere,” dissertation (York University, North York, Ontario, Canada, 1994).

T. J. McGee, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. 20771 (personal communication, 1998).

J. J. Tsou, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton Va. 23681 (personal communication, 1998).

R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing, Fundamentals and Applications (Wiley, New York, 1984).

S. M. Godin, “Études expérimentale par télédétection laser et modélisation de la distribution verticale d’ozone dans la haute stratosphére,” dissertation (Université Paris VI, Paris, 1987).

R. W. Hamming, Digital Filters (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1989).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Input (dotted curves) and retrieved output (solid curves) profiles for L-channel (left) and H-channel (right) analysis. The results for three impulse input functions, for z j = 15 km, z j = 25 km, and z j = 35 km, are shown. The maximum of the input impulse function is 1013 cm-3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Examples of input (dotted curves) and retrieved output (solid curves) profiles for L-channel (left) and H-channel (right) analysis. Here the wave number is 3 km-1. Note the attenuation of the sine wave at higher altitudes and the phase shift between input and retrieved profiles from 42 to 44 km in the H-channel analysis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Response function obtained by the SO3ANL simulation for filter order N = 19 (circles). The data are derived from the H data channels at altitudes from 41.7 to 42.6 km. For comparison the theoretically expected result is plotted as a solid curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Altitude resolutions δz (1)(z i ) (solid curves), δz (2)(z i ) (dashed–dotted curves), and δz (3)(z i ) (dashed curves) as a function of altitude for the low-sensitivity (top) and high-sensitivity (bottom) detection channels. The altitude resolutions calculated by SO3ANL are shown for comparison as dotted curves. The steplike pattern is caused by increases in the filter order.

Equations (9)

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nO3z=1σn-σf12ddz lnPfzPnz-αnz-αfz,
ddz fz  fi+1-fi-1zi+1-zi-1 or ddz fz  fi-fi-1zi-zi-1
ddz lnPfziPnzi  j=-NiNi cjzilnPfzi+jPnzi+j,
cj=3jNN+12N+1,  j=-N, , N.
ML=2max1.9396, 0.1871×exp9.1×10-5 m-1z-zs1.046+1,MH=2max1.9396, 0.3741×exp9.1×10-5 m-1z-zs1.046+1
ñjinzi=A2 sin2πkjzi+φ+A2,
nˆjinzi=Azi=zj0else.
Rkj, zi=ñjoutziñjinzi.
Rk=1ikl=-NN cl expilk

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