Abstract

A simple model of an emission Fourier-transform spectrometer is provided for a beam splitter with infinitesimal thickness but with general optical properties otherwise. Using the principle of conservation of energy, we derived the rigorous expressions that relate the interferograms from three different signals (source, reference, and beam-splitter emission), which are simultaneously observed by the detector. The relationship among phase and amplitude of the three interferograms is evaluated. The results indicate that the behavior of a Fourier-transform emission spectrometer may be more complicated than what is assumed in some models. Calibration procedures should reflect the implications of this rigorous approach.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. E. Harries, N. R. W. Swann, J. E. Beckman, P. A. R. Ade, “High resolution observations of the submillimetre stratospheric emission spectrum,” Nature (London) 236, 159–161 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. G. Mankin, “Airborne Fourier transform spectroscopy of the upper atmosphere,” Opt. Eng. 17, 39–43 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.
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    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Cañas, J. Murray, J. E. Harries, “Tropospheric airborne Fourier transform spectrometer (TAFTS),” in Satellite Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere, J. D. Haigh, ed., Proc. SPIE3220, 91–101 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. F. Evans, A. H. Evans, B. T. Marshall, I. G. Nolt, “The prospect for remote sensing of cirrus clouds with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 514–525 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, “Submillimeter high-resolution FT spectrometer for atmospheric studies,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2594–2603 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, “Stratospheric spectroscopy with the far-infrared spectrometer: overview and recent results,” in Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Chemistry, J. L. McElroy, R. J. McNeal, eds., Proc. SPIE1491, 298–307 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Fischer, H. Oelhaf, “Remote sensing of vertical profiles of atmospheric trace constituents with MIPAS limb-emission spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2787–2796 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer: instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. J. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding for ENVISAT-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  19. J.-M. Thériault, “Beam splitter layer emission in Fourier-transform infrared interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 37, 8348–8351 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. W. Raine, M. J. Downs, “Beam-splitter coatings for producing phase quadrature interferometer outputs,” Opt. Acta 25, 549–558 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  21. B. Carli, “Reflectivity of metallic films in the infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 908–910 (1977).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. F. Evans, A. H. Evans, B. T. Marshall, I. G. Nolt, “The prospect for remote sensing of cirrus clouds with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 514–525 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

1993 (1)

1988 (1)

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1979 (1)

1978 (2)

K. W. Raine, M. J. Downs, “Beam-splitter coatings for producing phase quadrature interferometer outputs,” Opt. Acta 25, 549–558 (1978).
[CrossRef]

W. G. Mankin, “Airborne Fourier transform spectroscopy of the upper atmosphere,” Opt. Eng. 17, 39–43 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1976 (1)

J. E. Harries, D. G. Moss, N. R. W. Swann, G. F. Neill, P. Gildwarg, “Simultaneous measurements of H2O, NO2 and HNO3 in the daytime stratosphere from 15 to 35 km,” Nature (London) 259, 300–302 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

J. E. Harries, N. R. W. Swann, J. E. Beckman, P. A. R. Ade, “High resolution observations of the submillimetre stratospheric emission spectrum,” Nature (London) 236, 159–161 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ade, P. A. R.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Harries, N. R. W. Swann, J. E. Beckman, P. A. R. Ade, “High resolution observations of the submillimetre stratospheric emission spectrum,” Nature (London) 236, 159–161 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Beckman, J. E.

J. E. Harries, N. R. W. Swann, J. E. Beckman, P. A. R. Ade, “High resolution observations of the submillimetre stratospheric emission spectrum,” Nature (London) 236, 159–161 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Beer, R.

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, “Remote sensing of the troposphere by infrared emission spectroscopy,” in Advanced Optical Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface from Space, G. Duchossois, F. L. Herr, R. J. Zander, eds., Proc. SPIE1129, 42–51 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Blom, C. E.

C. E. Blom, M. M. Höpfner, C. Weddigen, “Correction of phase anomalies of atmospheric emission spectra by the doubling-differencing method,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2649–2652 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Weddigen, C. E. Blom, M. Höpfner, “Phase corrections for the emission sounder MIPAS-FT,” Appl. Opt. 32, 4586–4589 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Bonetti, A.

Buijs, H.

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cañas, A.

A. Cañas, J. Murray, J. E. Harries, “Tropospheric airborne Fourier transform spectrometer (TAFTS),” in Satellite Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere, J. D. Haigh, ed., Proc. SPIE3220, 91–101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carli, B.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, “Submillimeter high-resolution FT spectrometer for atmospheric studies,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2594–2603 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Carli, “Reflectivity of metallic films in the infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 908–910 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Cayla, F.

P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer: instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K. V.

W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, “Stratospheric spectroscopy with the far-infrared spectrometer: overview and recent results,” in Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Chemistry, J. L. McElroy, R. J. McNeal, eds., Proc. SPIE1491, 298–307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. A.

Cortesi, U.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dickinson, P.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Downs, M. J.

K. W. Raine, M. J. Downs, “Beam-splitter coatings for producing phase quadrature interferometer outputs,” Opt. Acta 25, 549–558 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Endemann, M. J.

M. J. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding for ENVISAT-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Epifani, M.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Evans, A. H.

K. F. Evans, A. H. Evans, B. T. Marshall, I. G. Nolt, “The prospect for remote sensing of cirrus clouds with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 514–525 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Evans, K. F.

K. F. Evans, A. H. Evans, B. T. Marshall, I. G. Nolt, “The prospect for remote sensing of cirrus clouds with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 514–525 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, H.

H. Fischer, H. Oelhaf, “Remote sensing of vertical profiles of atmospheric trace constituents with MIPAS limb-emission spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2787–2796 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Fladt, B.

M. J. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding for ENVISAT-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Friedl-Vallon, F.

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Gannaway, F. C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gignoli, A.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gildwarg, P.

J. E. Harries, D. G. Moss, N. R. W. Swann, G. F. Neill, P. Gildwarg, “Simultaneous measurements of H2O, NO2 and HNO3 in the daytime stratosphere from 15 to 35 km,” Nature (London) 259, 300–302 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Glavich, T. A.

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, “Remote sensing of the troposphere by infrared emission spectroscopy,” in Advanced Optical Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface from Space, G. Duchossois, F. L. Herr, R. J. Zander, eds., Proc. SPIE1129, 42–51 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gulde, T.

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Harries, J. E.

J. E. Harries, D. G. Moss, N. R. W. Swann, G. F. Neill, P. Gildwarg, “Simultaneous measurements of H2O, NO2 and HNO3 in the daytime stratosphere from 15 to 35 km,” Nature (London) 259, 300–302 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Harries, N. R. W. Swann, J. E. Beckman, P. A. R. Ade, “High resolution observations of the submillimetre stratospheric emission spectrum,” Nature (London) 236, 159–161 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. Cañas, J. Murray, J. E. Harries, “Tropospheric airborne Fourier transform spectrometer (TAFTS),” in Satellite Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere, J. D. Haigh, ed., Proc. SPIE3220, 91–101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Höpfner, M.

Höpfner, M. M.

Howell, H. B.

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Javelle, P.

P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer: instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. G.

W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, “Stratospheric spectroscopy with the far-infrared spectrometer: overview and recent results,” in Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Chemistry, J. L. McElroy, R. J. McNeal, eds., Proc. SPIE1491, 298–307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, “Stratospheric spectroscopy with the far-infrared spectrometer: overview and recent results,” in Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Chemistry, J. L. McElroy, R. J. McNeal, eds., Proc. SPIE1491, 298–307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Keim, C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kendall, D. J. W.

Lange, G.

M. J. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding for ENVISAT-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).
[CrossRef]

LaPorte, D. D.

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leotin, J.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mankin, W. G.

W. G. Mankin, “Airborne Fourier transform spectroscopy of the upper atmosphere,” Opt. Eng. 17, 39–43 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, B. T.

K. F. Evans, A. H. Evans, B. T. Marshall, I. G. Nolt, “The prospect for remote sensing of cirrus clouds with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 514–525 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mencaraglia, F.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, “Submillimeter high-resolution FT spectrometer for atmospheric studies,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2594–2603 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meny, C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. G.

J. E. Harries, D. G. Moss, N. R. W. Swann, G. F. Neill, P. Gildwarg, “Simultaneous measurements of H2O, NO2 and HNO3 in the daytime stratosphere from 15 to 35 km,” Nature (London) 259, 300–302 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Murray, A. G.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J.

A. Cañas, J. Murray, J. E. Harries, “Tropospheric airborne Fourier transform spectrometer (TAFTS),” in Satellite Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere, J. D. Haigh, ed., Proc. SPIE3220, 91–101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neill, G. F.

J. E. Harries, D. G. Moss, N. R. W. Swann, G. F. Neill, P. Gildwarg, “Simultaneous measurements of H2O, NO2 and HNO3 in the daytime stratosphere from 15 to 35 km,” Nature (London) 259, 300–302 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Nolt, I. G.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. F. Evans, A. H. Evans, B. T. Marshall, I. G. Nolt, “The prospect for remote sensing of cirrus clouds with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 514–525 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oelhaf, H.

Ogawa, T.

H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Piesch, C.

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Raine, K. W.

K. W. Raine, M. J. Downs, “Beam-splitter coatings for producing phase quadrature interferometer outputs,” Opt. Acta 25, 549–558 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H. E.

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ridolfi, M.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sartorius, C.

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Seefeldner, M.

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Shimoda, H.

H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sromovsky, L. A.

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3210–3218 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Swann, N. R. W.

J. E. Harries, D. G. Moss, N. R. W. Swann, G. F. Neill, P. Gildwarg, “Simultaneous measurements of H2O, NO2 and HNO3 in the daytime stratosphere from 15 to 35 km,” Nature (London) 259, 300–302 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Harries, N. R. W. Swann, J. E. Beckman, P. A. R. Ade, “High resolution observations of the submillimetre stratospheric emission spectrum,” Nature (London) 236, 159–161 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Thériault, J.-M.

Traub, W. A.

W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, “Stratospheric spectroscopy with the far-infrared spectrometer: overview and recent results,” in Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Chemistry, J. L. McElroy, R. J. McNeal, eds., Proc. SPIE1491, 298–307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weddigen, C.

Wölfel, M.

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

Appl. Opt. (7)

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

K. F. Evans, A. H. Evans, B. T. Marshall, I. G. Nolt, “The prospect for remote sensing of cirrus clouds with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 514–525 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. (1)

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 16, 1313–1328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (London) (2)

J. E. Harries, D. G. Moss, N. R. W. Swann, G. F. Neill, P. Gildwarg, “Simultaneous measurements of H2O, NO2 and HNO3 in the daytime stratosphere from 15 to 35 km,” Nature (London) 259, 300–302 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Harries, N. R. W. Swann, J. E. Beckman, P. A. R. Ade, “High resolution observations of the submillimetre stratospheric emission spectrum,” Nature (London) 236, 159–161 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

K. W. Raine, M. J. Downs, “Beam-splitter coatings for producing phase quadrature interferometer outputs,” Opt. Acta 25, 549–558 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

W. G. Mankin, “Airborne Fourier transform spectroscopy of the upper atmosphere,” Opt. Eng. 17, 39–43 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” in Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp.199–208.

W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, “Stratospheric spectroscopy with the far-infrared spectrometer: overview and recent results,” in Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Chemistry, J. L. McElroy, R. J. McNeal, eds., Proc. SPIE1491, 298–307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer: instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding for ENVISAT-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, M. G. Cerutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, “Remote sensing of the troposphere by infrared emission spectroscopy,” in Advanced Optical Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface from Space, G. Duchossois, F. L. Herr, R. J. Zander, eds., Proc. SPIE1129, 42–51 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Cañas, J. Murray, J. E. Harries, “Tropospheric airborne Fourier transform spectrometer (TAFTS),” in Satellite Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere, J. D. Haigh, ed., Proc. SPIE3220, 91–101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a generic FT spectrometer with separated input and output ports

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of Results

Equations (23)

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A1=Art expiρ+τexp2πivt+σp+rt expiρ+τexp2πivt+σq.
P1A=A22T+2T cos2πσp-q.
A2=Ar2 expi2ρexp2πivt+σp+t2 expi2τexp2πivt+σq,
P2A=A22+T2+2T cos2πσp-q+2ρ-2τ.
P3A=A2A.
P4A=A2X+Y cos2πσp-q+φ.
2+T2+2T=+T2=1,
cos2πσp-q+2ρ-2τ=-cos2πσp-q,
2+T2+2T+A+X=1,
X=A+T.
2T cos2πσp-q+2T cos2πσp-q+2ρ-2τ+Y cos2πσp-q+φ=0.
φ=ρ-τ,
Y=-4T cosφ.
P4A=A2A+T-4T cosφ×cos2πσp-q+φ.
P1B=B22+T2+2T cos2πσp-q-2φ, P2B=B22T+2T cos2πσp-q, P3B=B2A, P4B=B2A+T-4T×cosφcos2πσp-q-φ.
C1=Ct expiτexp2πivt+σp+r expiρexp2πivt+σq.
P1C=C2+T+2T1/2 cos2πσp-q-φ.
P2C=C2+T+2T1/2 cos2πσp-q+φ,
P4C=C22A-4 cosφT1/2 cos2πσp-q.
P4A+P4B+P4C=2PS2,
A2=B2=T,  C2=PS2=AT,
cosφ=-A2T.
A=4T1/2.

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