Abstract

We report on three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence in a Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 crystal. After we scan with a focused 800-nm femtosecond pulsed laser, the path traversed by the focal point of the laser in the crystal emits bright and long-lasting phosphorescence that can be seen with the naked eye in the dark even 10 h after the removal of the activating laser. Absorption spectra of the crystal show that defect centers have formed after the laser irradiation, and the absorption that is due to the defect centers decays with time. It is suggested that a mechanism of the long-lasting phosphorescence consists of a thermostimulated recombination of holes and electrons at traps induced by the laser irradiation at room temperature.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Snitzer, “Optical mazer action of Nd3+ in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, “Pr3+-doped fluoride amplifier operating at 1.31 µm,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1747–1749 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, Y. Murayama, “A new phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 2670–2673 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Sarukura, “Tunable visible and ultra-violet solid lasers,” in Development of Laser Technology, The Laser Society of Japan, ed. (Kansai Gakujyutsu Center, Osaka, Japan, 1994), pp. 64–68 (in Japanese).
  7. T. Kanou, “Rare-earth ions as luminescent centers,” in Handbook of Phosphors, Keikoutaidogakukai, ed. (Ohm Press, Tokyo, 1987), pp. 110–125 (in Japanese).
  8. K. Takagi, T. Fukazawa, “Cerium-activated Gd2SiO5 single crystal scintillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 43–45 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Kodama, M. Yamaga, B. Henderson, “Inhomogeneous broadening of Ce3+ luminescence in CaYAlO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 3505–3512 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. J. Delbecq, Y. Toyozawa, P. H. Yuster, “Tunneling recombination of trapped electrons and holes in KCl:AgCl and KCl:TlCl,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 4497–4505 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Hosono, N. Asada, Y. Abe, “Properties and mechanism of photochromism in reduced aluminate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840–2847 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Long lasting phosphorescence in Eu2+-doped calcium aluminoborate glasses,” Solid State Commun. 106, 795–798 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. J. Araujo, N. F. Borrelli, “Photochromic glasses,” in Optical Properties of Glasses, D. R. Uhlmann, N. J. Kreidl, ed. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1991), pp. 125–157.
  15. R. Yokota, “Effects of radiation,” in Glass Handbook, S. Sakka, T. Sakaino, K. Takahashi, eds. (Asakura Press, Tokyo, 1975), pp. 825–835 (in Japanese).

1998 (1)

J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Long lasting phosphorescence in Eu2+-doped calcium aluminoborate glasses,” Solid State Commun. 106, 795–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, Y. Murayama, “A new phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 2670–2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kodama, M. Yamaga, B. Henderson, “Inhomogeneous broadening of Ce3+ luminescence in CaYAlO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 3505–3512 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

H. Hosono, N. Asada, Y. Abe, “Properties and mechanism of photochromism in reduced aluminate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840–2847 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Takagi, T. Fukazawa, “Cerium-activated Gd2SiO5 single crystal scintillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 43–45 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

C. J. Delbecq, Y. Toyozawa, P. H. Yuster, “Tunneling recombination of trapped electrons and holes in KCl:AgCl and KCl:TlCl,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 4497–4505 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

E. Snitzer, “Optical mazer action of Nd3+ in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

H. Hosono, N. Asada, Y. Abe, “Properties and mechanism of photochromism in reduced aluminate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840–2847 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, Y.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, Y. Murayama, “A new phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 2670–2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Araujo, R. J.

R. J. Araujo, N. F. Borrelli, “Photochromic glasses,” in Optical Properties of Glasses, D. R. Uhlmann, N. J. Kreidl, ed. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1991), pp. 125–157.

Asada, N.

H. Hosono, N. Asada, Y. Abe, “Properties and mechanism of photochromism in reduced aluminate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840–2847 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

R. J. Araujo, N. F. Borrelli, “Photochromic glasses,” in Optical Properties of Glasses, D. R. Uhlmann, N. J. Kreidl, ed. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1991), pp. 125–157.

Broer, M. M.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Delbecq, C. J.

C. J. Delbecq, Y. Toyozawa, P. H. Yuster, “Tunneling recombination of trapped electrons and holes in KCl:AgCl and KCl:TlCl,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 4497–4505 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fukazawa, T.

K. Takagi, T. Fukazawa, “Cerium-activated Gd2SiO5 single crystal scintillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 43–45 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Golding, B.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hegarty, J.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, B.

M. Kodama, M. Yamaga, B. Henderson, “Inhomogeneous broadening of Ce3+ luminescence in CaYAlO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 3505–3512 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Long lasting phosphorescence in Eu2+-doped calcium aluminoborate glasses,” Solid State Commun. 106, 795–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

H. Hosono, N. Asada, Y. Abe, “Properties and mechanism of photochromism in reduced aluminate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840–2847 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Iwabuchi, Y.

Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

Kanou, T.

T. Kanou, “Rare-earth ions as luminescent centers,” in Handbook of Phosphors, Keikoutaidogakukai, ed. (Ohm Press, Tokyo, 1987), pp. 110–125 (in Japanese).

Kitagawa, T.

Kodama, M.

M. Kodama, M. Yamaga, B. Henderson, “Inhomogeneous broadening of Ce3+ luminescence in CaYAlO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 3505–3512 (1996).
[CrossRef]

MacChesney, J. B.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, T.

Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matsuzawa, T.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, Y. Murayama, “A new phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 2670–2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mori, N.

Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Murayama, Y.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, Y. Murayama, “A new phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 2670–2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Long lasting phosphorescence in Eu2+-doped calcium aluminoborate glasses,” Solid State Commun. 106, 795–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ruberchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarukura, N.

N. Sarukura, “Tunable visible and ultra-violet solid lasers,” in Development of Laser Technology, The Laser Society of Japan, ed. (Kansai Gakujyutsu Center, Osaka, Japan, 1994), pp. 64–68 (in Japanese).

Share, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shionoya, S.

Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, “Optical mazer action of Nd3+ in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takagi, K.

K. Takagi, T. Fukazawa, “Cerium-activated Gd2SiO5 single crystal scintillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 43–45 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, S.

Takeuchi, N.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, Y. Murayama, “A new phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 2670–2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Toyozawa, Y.

C. J. Delbecq, Y. Toyozawa, P. H. Yuster, “Tunneling recombination of trapped electrons and holes in KCl:AgCl and KCl:TlCl,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 4497–4505 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Yamaga, M.

M. Kodama, M. Yamaga, B. Henderson, “Inhomogeneous broadening of Ce3+ luminescence in CaYAlO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 3505–3512 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, R.

R. Yokota, “Effects of radiation,” in Glass Handbook, S. Sakka, T. Sakaino, K. Takahashi, eds. (Asakura Press, Tokyo, 1975), pp. 825–835 (in Japanese).

Yuster, P. H.

C. J. Delbecq, Y. Toyozawa, P. H. Yuster, “Tunneling recombination of trapped electrons and holes in KCl:AgCl and KCl:TlCl,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 4497–4505 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Takagi, T. Fukazawa, “Cerium-activated Gd2SiO5 single crystal scintillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 43–45 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Hosono, N. Asada, Y. Abe, “Properties and mechanism of photochromism in reduced aluminate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840–2847 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, Y. Murayama, “A new phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 2670–2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Kodama, M. Yamaga, B. Henderson, “Inhomogeneous broadening of Ce3+ luminescence in CaYAlO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 3505–3512 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Iwabuchi, N. Mori, K. Takahashi, T. Matsuda, S. Shionoya, “Mechanism of photostimulated luminescence process in BaFBr:Eu2+ phosphors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 178–185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. J. Delbecq, Y. Toyozawa, P. H. Yuster, “Tunneling recombination of trapped electrons and holes in KCl:AgCl and KCl:TlCl,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 4497–4505 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, J. B. MacChesney, “Photon echoes below 1K in a Nd3+-doped glass fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033–2035 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Ruberchik, B. W. Share, M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Snitzer, “Optical mazer action of Nd3+ in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Long lasting phosphorescence in Eu2+-doped calcium aluminoborate glasses,” Solid State Commun. 106, 795–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

N. Sarukura, “Tunable visible and ultra-violet solid lasers,” in Development of Laser Technology, The Laser Society of Japan, ed. (Kansai Gakujyutsu Center, Osaka, Japan, 1994), pp. 64–68 (in Japanese).

T. Kanou, “Rare-earth ions as luminescent centers,” in Handbook of Phosphors, Keikoutaidogakukai, ed. (Ohm Press, Tokyo, 1987), pp. 110–125 (in Japanese).

R. J. Araujo, N. F. Borrelli, “Photochromic glasses,” in Optical Properties of Glasses, D. R. Uhlmann, N. J. Kreidl, ed. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1991), pp. 125–157.

R. Yokota, “Effects of radiation,” in Glass Handbook, S. Sakka, T. Sakaino, K. Takahashi, eds. (Asakura Press, Tokyo, 1975), pp. 825–835 (in Japanese).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical setup for the formation of three-dimensional long-lasting phosphorescence in a Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 crystal. Ar+, argon-ion; D.M., dielectric multiple mirror; ND, neutral density.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of the emission state of phosphorescence in a Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 crystal after the random scanning of the femtosecond laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photoluminescence, phosphorescence, and excitation spectra of a Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 crystal. For the measurement of the excitation spectrum the emission at 413 nm was monitored. (a) and (b) are phosphorescence spectra of the crystal 10 and 20 min, respectively, after the removal of the excitation laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Decay curve of the phosphorescence at 413 nm in a Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 crystal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption spectra of a Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 crystal before and after the irradiation of a femtosecond laser. Curve a, before laser irradiation. The time shown in the figure is the duration after the removal of the activating laser.

Metrics