Abstract

Results of experiments on stress-inhibited laser-driven crack growth and stress-delayed laser-damage initiation thresholds in fused silica, borosilicate glass (BK-7), and cleaved bulk silica are presented. A numerical model is developed to explain the crack arrest in fused silica. Good agreement is obtained between the model and a finite-element code. The crack arrest is demonstrated to be the result of the breaking of a hoop-stress symmetry that is responsible for crack propagation in fused silica.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Milam, “Laser-induced damage at 1064 nm, 125 ps,” Appl. Opt. 16, 1204–1213 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. F. Rainer, R. P. Gonzales, A. J. Morgan, “Laser damage data base at 1064 nm,” in Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 1989, L. L. Chase, B. E. Newman, A. H. Guenther, H. E. Bennett, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1438, 58–73 (1989).
  31. Fused silica 7940 data sheet 6/1993 (Corning Incorporated, Advanced Materials Department, Corning, New York 14831).
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1999 (2)

F. Dahmani, J. C. Lambropoulos, A. W. Schmid, S. Papernov, S. J. Burns, “Fracture of fused silica with 351-nm-laser-generated surface cracks,” J. Mater. Res. 14, 597–605 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Dahmani, S. J. Burns, J. C. Lambropoulos, S. Papernov, A. W. Schmid, “Arresting UV-laser damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 24, 516–518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

J. C. Lambropoulos, S. Xu, T. Fang, “Constitutive law for the densification of fused silica, with applications in polishing and microgrinding,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 1441–1452 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

C. Meade, R. Jeanloz, “Frequency-dependent equation of state of fused silica to 10 GPa,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 236–244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

W. H. Lowdermilk, D. Milam, “Laser-induced surface and coating damage,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1888–1903 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

A. G. Evans, “Fatigue in ceramics,” Int. J. Fract. 16, 485–498 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. Arora, D. B. Marshall, B. R. Lawn, M. V. Swain, “Indentation-deformation/fracture of normal and anomalous glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 31, 415–428 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (3)

R. A. House, J. R. Bettis, A. H. Guenther, “Surface roughness and laser damage threshold,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 361–363 (1977).
[CrossRef]

M. Malin, K. Vedam, “Ellipsometric studies of environment-sensitive polish layers of glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1155–1157 (1977).
[CrossRef]

D. Milam, “Laser-induced damage at 1064 nm, 125 ps,” Appl. Opt. 16, 1204–1213 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (2)

J. A. Ringlien, N. N. Boling, G. Dubė, “An acid treatment for raising the surface damage threshold of laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 598–600 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Wiederhorn, H. Johnson, A. M. Diness, A. H. Heuer, “Fracture of glass in vacuum,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 57, 336–341 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

D. W. Fradin, M. Bass, “Comparison of laser-induced surface and bulk damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 157–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

1970 (1)

1969 (1)

H. Yakota, H. Sakata, M. Nishibori, K. Kinosita, “Ellipsometric study of polished glass surfaces,” Surf. Sci. 16, 265–274 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

H. M. Cohen, R. Roy, “Densification of glass at very high pressure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 149–161 (1965).

1953 (1)

P. W. Bridgman, I. Simon, “Effect of very high pressures on glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 24, 405–413 (1953).
[CrossRef]

André, M.

M. André, “Status of the LMJ program in France: effect of increased damage resistant coatings on megajoule-class laser performances,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 766–767 (1998).

Anzellotti, J. F.

S. Papernov, D. Zaksas, J. F. Anzellotti, D. J. Smith, A. W. Schmid, “One step closer to the intrinsic laser-damage threshold of the HfO2 and SiO2 monolayer thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 434–445 (1997).

Arora, A.

A. Arora, D. B. Marshall, B. R. Lawn, M. V. Swain, “Indentation-deformation/fracture of normal and anomalous glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 31, 415–428 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

D. W. Fradin, M. Bass, “Comparison of laser-induced surface and bulk damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 157–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, J. M.

Bettis, J. R.

R. A. House, J. R. Bettis, A. H. Guenther, “Surface roughness and laser damage threshold,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 361–363 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

Bodner, S. E.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Boehly, T. R.

T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boling, N. N.

J. A. Ringlien, N. N. Boling, G. Dubė, “An acid treatment for raising the surface damage threshold of laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 598–600 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bridgman, P. W.

P. W. Bridgman, I. Simon, “Effect of very high pressures on glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 24, 405–413 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Brimacombe, R. K.

Bumpas, S. E.

J. H. Campbell, P. A. Hurst, D. D. Heggins, W. A. Steele, S. E. Bumpas, “Laser-induced damage and fracture in fused silica vacuum windows,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 106–125 (1996).

Burns, S. J.

Campbell, J. H.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, J. H. Campbell, F. Y. Génin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1998).

J. H. Campbell, P. A. Hurst, D. D. Heggins, W. A. Steele, S. E. Bumpas, “Laser-induced damage and fracture in fused silica vacuum windows,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 106–125 (1996).

Chan, Y.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chinsio, R.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, J. H. Campbell, F. Y. Génin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1998).

Cohen, H. M.

H. M. Cohen, R. Roy, “Densification of glass at very high pressure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 149–161 (1965).

Colombant, D.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Craxton, R. S.

T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dahlburg, J. P.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dahmani, F.

Denis, A. V.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diness, A. M.

S. M. Wiederhorn, H. Johnson, A. M. Diness, A. H. Heuer, “Fracture of glass in vacuum,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 57, 336–341 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Dube, G.

J. A. Ringlien, N. N. Boling, G. Dubė, “An acid treatment for raising the surface damage threshold of laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 598–600 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, D. J.

M. Rothschild, D. J. Ehrlich, “A review of excimer laser projection lithography,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 6, 1–17 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Evans, A. G.

A. G. Evans, “Fatigue in ceramics,” Int. J. Fract. 16, 485–498 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Fang, T.

J. C. Lambropoulos, S. Xu, T. Fang, “Constitutive law for the densification of fused silica, with applications in polishing and microgrinding,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 1441–1452 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fradin, D. W.

D. W. Fradin, M. Bass, “Comparison of laser-induced surface and bulk damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 157–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, J. H.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Génin, F. Y.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, J. H. Campbell, F. Y. Génin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1998).

Gerber, K.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gonzales, R. P.

F. Rainer, R. P. Gonzales, A. J. Morgan, “Laser damage data base at 1064 nm,” in Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 1989, L. L. Chase, B. E. Newman, A. H. Guenther, H. E. Bennett, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1438, 58–73 (1989).

Guenther, A. H.

R. A. House, J. R. Bettis, A. H. Guenther, “Surface roughness and laser damage threshold,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 361–363 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hardgrove, J.

S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heggins, D. D.

J. H. Campbell, P. A. Hurst, D. D. Heggins, W. A. Steele, S. E. Bumpas, “Laser-induced damage and fracture in fused silica vacuum windows,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 106–125 (1996).

Heuer, A. H.

S. M. Wiederhorn, H. Johnson, A. M. Diness, A. H. Heuer, “Fracture of glass in vacuum,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 57, 336–341 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hinterman, T. H.

T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Horgan, C. O.

C. O. Horgan, “Decay estimates for boundary-value problems in linear and nonlinear continuum mechanics,” in Mathematical Problems in Elasticity, R. Russo, ed., Vol. 38 of the Series on Advances in Mathematics for Applied Sciences (World Scientific, River Edge, N.J., 1996), pp. 47–89.

House, R. A.

R. A. House, J. R. Bettis, A. H. Guenther, “Surface roughness and laser damage threshold,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 361–363 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hurst, P. A.

J. H. Campbell, P. A. Hurst, D. D. Heggins, W. A. Steele, S. E. Bumpas, “Laser-induced damage and fracture in fused silica vacuum windows,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 106–125 (1996).

Jeanloz, R.

C. Meade, R. Jeanloz, “Frequency-dependent equation of state of fused silica to 10 GPa,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 236–244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, H.

S. M. Wiederhorn, H. Johnson, A. M. Diness, A. H. Heuer, “Fracture of glass in vacuum,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 57, 336–341 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. H.

T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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M. R. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, S. Schwartz, T. Parham, P. Wegner, T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser system at 355 nm,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1998).

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T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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F. Dahmani, J. C. Lambropoulos, A. W. Schmid, S. Papernov, S. J. Burns, “Fracture of fused silica with 351-nm-laser-generated surface cracks,” J. Mater. Res. 14, 597–605 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Dahmani, S. J. Burns, J. C. Lambropoulos, S. Papernov, A. W. Schmid, “Arresting UV-laser damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 24, 516–518 (1999).
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F. Dahmani, A. W. Schmid, J. C. Lambropoulos, S. J. Burns, “Dependence of birefringence and residual stress near laser-induced cracks in fused silica on laser fluence and on laser-pulse number,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7772–7784 (1998).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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M. Malin, K. Vedam, “Ellipsometric studies of environment-sensitive polish layers of glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1155–1157 (1977).
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M. R. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, S. Schwartz, T. Parham, P. Wegner, T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser system at 355 nm,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1998).

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A. Arora, D. B. Marshall, B. R. Lawn, M. V. Swain, “Indentation-deformation/fracture of normal and anomalous glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 31, 415–428 (1979).
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T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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Morse, S. F. B.

T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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M. R. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, S. Schwartz, T. Parham, P. Wegner, T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser system at 355 nm,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1998).

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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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F. Dahmani, J. C. Lambropoulos, A. W. Schmid, S. Papernov, S. J. Burns, “Fracture of fused silica with 351-nm-laser-generated surface cracks,” J. Mater. Res. 14, 597–605 (1999).
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F. Dahmani, S. J. Burns, J. C. Lambropoulos, S. Papernov, A. W. Schmid, “Arresting UV-laser damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 24, 516–518 (1999).
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S. Papernov, D. Zaksas, J. F. Anzellotti, D. J. Smith, A. W. Schmid, “One step closer to the intrinsic laser-damage threshold of the HfO2 and SiO2 monolayer thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 434–445 (1997).

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M. R. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, S. Schwartz, T. Parham, P. Wegner, T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser system at 355 nm,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1998).

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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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F. Rainer, R. P. Gonzales, A. J. Morgan, “Laser damage data base at 1064 nm,” in Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 1989, L. L. Chase, B. E. Newman, A. H. Guenther, H. E. Bennett, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1438, 58–73 (1989).

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A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, J. H. Campbell, F. Y. Génin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1998).

Schmid, A. W.

F. Dahmani, S. J. Burns, J. C. Lambropoulos, S. Papernov, A. W. Schmid, “Arresting UV-laser damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 24, 516–518 (1999).
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F. Dahmani, J. C. Lambropoulos, A. W. Schmid, S. Papernov, S. J. Burns, “Fracture of fused silica with 351-nm-laser-generated surface cracks,” J. Mater. Res. 14, 597–605 (1999).
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F. Dahmani, A. W. Schmid, J. C. Lambropoulos, S. J. Burns, “Dependence of birefringence and residual stress near laser-induced cracks in fused silica on laser fluence and on laser-pulse number,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7772–7784 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Papernov, D. Zaksas, J. F. Anzellotti, D. J. Smith, A. W. Schmid, “One step closer to the intrinsic laser-damage threshold of the HfO2 and SiO2 monolayer thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 434–445 (1997).

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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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M. R. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, S. Schwartz, T. Parham, P. Wegner, T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser system at 355 nm,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1998).

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T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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S. Papernov, D. Zaksas, J. F. Anzellotti, D. J. Smith, A. W. Schmid, “One step closer to the intrinsic laser-damage threshold of the HfO2 and SiO2 monolayer thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 434–445 (1997).

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T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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S. P. Obenschain, S. E. Bodner, D. Colombant, K. Gerber, R. H. Lehmberg, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, M. S. Pronko, C. J. Pawley, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, V. Serlin, J. A. Stamper, C. A. Sullivan, J. P. Dahlburg, J. H. Gardner, Y. Chan, A. V. Denis, J. Hardgrove, T. Lehecka, M. Klapisch, “The Nike KrF laser facility: performance and initial target experiments,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2098–2107 (1996).
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A. Arora, D. B. Marshall, B. R. Lawn, M. V. Swain, “Indentation-deformation/fracture of normal and anomalous glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 31, 415–428 (1979).
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M. Malin, K. Vedam, “Ellipsometric studies of environment-sensitive polish layers of glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1155–1157 (1977).
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T. R. Boehly, R. S. Craxton, T. H. Hinterman, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. A. Letzring, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, J. M. Soures, C. P. Verdon, “The upgrade to the OMEGA laser system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 508–510 (1995).
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M. R. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, S. Schwartz, T. Parham, P. Wegner, T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser system at 355 nm,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1998).

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M. R. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, S. Schwartz, T. Parham, P. Wegner, T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser system at 355 nm,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1998).

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J. C. Lambropoulos, S. Xu, T. Fang, “Constitutive law for the densification of fused silica, with applications in polishing and microgrinding,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 1441–1452 (1996).
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S. Papernov, D. Zaksas, J. F. Anzellotti, D. J. Smith, A. W. Schmid, “One step closer to the intrinsic laser-damage threshold of the HfO2 and SiO2 monolayer thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 434–445 (1997).

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