Abstract

We investigated an Er3+/Yb3+ codoped silicate glass as a host material for waveguide lasers operating near 1.5 µm. Spectroscopic properties of the glass are reported. Waveguide lasers were fabricated by K+-ion exchange from a nitrate melt. The waveguides support a single transverse mode at 1.5 µm. An investigation of the laser performance as a function of the Yb:Er ratio was performed, indicating an optimal ratio of approximately 5:1. Slope efficiencies of as great as 6.5% and output powers as high as 19.6 mW at 1.54 µm were realized. The experimental results are compared with a waveguide laser model that is used to extract the Er3+ upconversion coefficients and the Yb3+–Er3+ cross-relaxation coefficients. The results indicate the possibility of obtaining high-performance waveguide lasers from a durable silicate host glass.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Feuchter, E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 542–544 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. L. Vossler, C. J. Brooks, K. A. Winik, “Planar Er:Yb glass ion exchanged waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1162–1163 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234–250 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Takebe, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of absorption and fluorescence of Yb3+ in oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 681–687 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, S. I. Najafi, “Gain characteristics of a high concentration Er3+-doped phosphate glass waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 3617–3621 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. C. Barbosa, N. Aranha, O. L. Alves, R. Srivastava, “Ag+–Na+ exchanged waveguides from molten salts in a chemically durable phosphate glass,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1919–1920 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Schott Glass Technologies, Inc., 400 York Avenue, Duryea, Pa. The mention of trade names in this paper is to allow the reader to reproduce the experiment precisely and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
  11. W. J. Miniscalco, R. S. Quimby, “General procedure for the analysis of Er3+ cross sections,” Opt. Lett. 16, 258–260 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, J. Amin, “Rigorous scalar modeling of Er and Er/Yb-doped waveguide lasers,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 109–120 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Nilsson, P. Scheer, B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of short Yb3+-sensitized Er3+-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 383–385 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Shooshtari, P. Meshkinfam, T. Touam, M. P. Andrews, S. I. Najafi, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb phosphate glass waveguide amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1188–1192 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14, 189–196 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. M. Peters, “Erbium doped glasses for waveguide laser applications,” Ph.D. dissertation (The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1998).
  17. J. Amin, D. L. Veasey, N. A. Sanford, J. S. Hayden, “Waveguide lasers by ion-exchange in Er-doped glass,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 135–142 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Shooshtari, P. Meshkinfam, T. Touam, M. P. Andrews, S. I. Najafi, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb phosphate glass waveguide amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1188–1192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

H. Takebe, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of absorption and fluorescence of Yb3+ in oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 681–687 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Barbosa, N. Aranha, O. L. Alves, R. Srivastava, “Ag+–Na+ exchanged waveguides from molten salts in a chemically durable phosphate glass,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1919–1920 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, S. I. Najafi, “Gain characteristics of a high concentration Er3+-doped phosphate glass waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 3617–3621 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Vossler, C. J. Brooks, K. A. Winik, “Planar Er:Yb glass ion exchanged waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1162–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, P. Scheer, B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of short Yb3+-sensitized Er3+-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 383–385 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

T. Feuchter, E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234–250 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Miniscalco, R. S. Quimby, “General procedure for the analysis of Er3+ cross sections,” Opt. Lett. 16, 258–260 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14, 189–196 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Alves, O. L.

L. C. Barbosa, N. Aranha, O. L. Alves, R. Srivastava, “Ag+–Na+ exchanged waveguides from molten salts in a chemically durable phosphate glass,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1919–1920 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Amin, J.

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, J. Amin, “Rigorous scalar modeling of Er and Er/Yb-doped waveguide lasers,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 109–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Amin, D. L. Veasey, N. A. Sanford, J. S. Hayden, “Waveguide lasers by ion-exchange in Er-doped glass,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 135–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, M. P.

A. Shooshtari, P. Meshkinfam, T. Touam, M. P. Andrews, S. I. Najafi, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb phosphate glass waveguide amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1188–1192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aranha, N.

L. C. Barbosa, N. Aranha, O. L. Alves, R. Srivastava, “Ag+–Na+ exchanged waveguides from molten salts in a chemically durable phosphate glass,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1919–1920 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barbier, D.

A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, L. C.

L. C. Barbosa, N. Aranha, O. L. Alves, R. Srivastava, “Ag+–Na+ exchanged waveguides from molten salts in a chemically durable phosphate glass,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1919–1920 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Béguin, A.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brocklesby, W. S.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, C. J.

G. L. Vossler, C. J. Brooks, K. A. Winik, “Planar Er:Yb glass ion exchanged waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1162–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Delavaux, J.-M. P.

A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feuchter, T.

T. Feuchter, E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14, 189–196 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gary, J. M.

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, J. Amin, “Rigorous scalar modeling of Er and Er/Yb-doped waveguide lasers,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 109–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, K.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, J. S.

J. Amin, D. L. Veasey, N. A. Sanford, J. S. Hayden, “Waveguide lasers by ion-exchange in Er-doped glass,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 135–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hempstead, M.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Honkanen, S.

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, S. I. Najafi, “Gain characteristics of a high concentration Er3+-doped phosphate glass waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 3617–3621 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Isineev, A. A.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14, 189–196 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Jaskorzynska, B.

J. Nilsson, P. Scheer, B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of short Yb3+-sensitized Er3+-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 383–385 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, T.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kravchenko, V. B.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14, 189–196 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lerminiaux, C.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matitsin, S. M.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14, 189–196 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Meshkinfam, P.

A. Shooshtari, P. Meshkinfam, T. Touam, M. P. Andrews, S. I. Najafi, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb phosphate glass waveguide amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1188–1192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miniscalco, W. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, R. S. Quimby, “General procedure for the analysis of Er3+ cross sections,” Opt. Lett. 16, 258–260 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234–250 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Morinaga, K.

H. Takebe, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of absorption and fluorescence of Yb3+ in oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 681–687 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Murata, T.

H. Takebe, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of absorption and fluorescence of Yb3+ in oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 681–687 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mwarania, E. K.

T. Feuchter, E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Najafi, S. I.

A. Shooshtari, P. Meshkinfam, T. Touam, M. P. Andrews, S. I. Najafi, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb phosphate glass waveguide amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1188–1192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, S. I. Najafi, “Gain characteristics of a high concentration Er3+-doped phosphate glass waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 3617–3621 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

J. Nilsson, P. Scheer, B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of short Yb3+-sensitized Er3+-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 383–385 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nouh, S.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuki, T.

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, S. I. Najafi, “Gain characteristics of a high concentration Er3+-doped phosphate glass waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 3617–3621 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pedrazanni, J. R.

A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peters, P. M.

P. M. Peters, “Erbium doped glasses for waveguide laser applications,” Ph.D. dissertation (The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1998).

Peyghambarian, N.

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, S. I. Najafi, “Gain characteristics of a high concentration Er3+-doped phosphate glass waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 3617–3621 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Quimby, R. S.

Reekie, L.

T. Feuchter, E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Román, J. E.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sanford, N. A.

J. Amin, D. L. Veasey, N. A. Sanford, J. S. Hayden, “Waveguide lasers by ion-exchange in Er-doped glass,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 135–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scheer, P.

J. Nilsson, P. Scheer, B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of short Yb3+-sensitized Er3+-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 383–385 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shooshtari, A.

A. Shooshtari, P. Meshkinfam, T. Touam, M. P. Andrews, S. I. Najafi, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb phosphate glass waveguide amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1188–1192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

L. C. Barbosa, N. Aranha, O. L. Alves, R. Srivastava, “Ag+–Na+ exchanged waveguides from molten salts in a chemically durable phosphate glass,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1919–1920 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T. A.

A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takebe, H.

H. Takebe, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of absorption and fluorescence of Yb3+ in oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 681–687 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Theriault, S.

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Touam, T.

A. Shooshtari, P. Meshkinfam, T. Touam, M. P. Andrews, S. I. Najafi, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb phosphate glass waveguide amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1188–1192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Veasey, D. L.

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, J. Amin, “Rigorous scalar modeling of Er and Er/Yb-doped waveguide lasers,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 109–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Amin, D. L. Veasey, N. A. Sanford, J. S. Hayden, “Waveguide lasers by ion-exchange in Er-doped glass,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 135–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vossler, G. L.

G. L. Vossler, C. J. Brooks, K. A. Winik, “Planar Er:Yb glass ion exchanged waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1162–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

T. Feuchter, E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

J. E. Román, P. Camy, M. Hempstead, W. S. Brocklesby, S. Nouh, A. Béguin, C. Lerminiaux, J. S. Wilkinson, “Ion-exchanged Er/Yb waveguide laser at 1.5 µm pumped by a laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1345–1346 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Feuchter, E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Winik, K. A.

G. L. Vossler, C. J. Brooks, K. A. Winik, “Planar Er:Yb glass ion exchanged waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1162–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yeniay, A.

A. Yeniay, J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazanni, “High-performance integrated erbium+3–ytterbium+3 codoped glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

T. Kitagawa, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, S. Theriault, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, K. Hattori, Y. Hibino, “Single-frequency Er3+-doped silica-based planar waveguide laser with integrated photo-imprinted Bragg reflectors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1311–1312 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Vossler, C. J. Brooks, K. A. Winik, “Planar Er:Yb glass ion exchanged waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1162–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Schott Glass Technologies, Inc., 400 York Avenue, Duryea, Pa. The mention of trade names in this paper is to allow the reader to reproduce the experiment precisely and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison of Er3+ and Yb3+ absorption cross sections near 980 nm in IOG10 glass.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of Er3+ absorption and emission cross sections in IOG10 glass.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Near-field profile across the width of a K+-ion-exchanged waveguide showing the overlap of the 1.5-µm signal (dotted curve) and the 0.975-µm pump (solid curve) modes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical laser spectrum from Er3+/Yb3+ codoped silicate glass waveguide laser with high pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Signal power versus launched pump power for a 1.80-cm-long laser fabricated from glass A by use of output couplers with different reflectances.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Slope efficiency versus output coupler reflectance for lasers fabricated in silicate glasses with different Yb3+:Er3+ ratios.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Slope efficiency and threshold pump power as a function of output coupler reflectance for a 1.80-cm laser fabricated from glass A. Circles and crosses, experimental data; curves, model simulations with the parameters in Tables 2 and 4.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Output signal power versus launched pump power for devices with optimized output coupler and length in glasses with different Yb3+:Er3+ ratios.

Tables (5)

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Table 1 Rare-Earth Ion Densities of Three Codoped Silicate Glasses Used in Laser Experiments

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Table 2 Various Spectroscopic Quantitites for Er3+ and Yb3+ in IOG10 Silciate Glass

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Table 3 Waveguide Loss as Measured at 860 nm with the Cutback Method and Corrected for the Nonzero Yb3+ Absorption at 860

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Table 4 Fitting Parameters Used to Model the Waveguide Laser Performance as a Function of Rare-Earth Dopant Ratio

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Table 5 Performance Data for Highest Slope Efficiency Devices Fabricated in IOG10 Silicate Glass with Different Yb3+:Er3+ Dopant Ratios

Equations (2)

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Δλ= σeλσeλpeakdλ,
1τr=8πcn2  σeλλ4dλ,

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