Abstract

The conventional theory of image transfer through a scattering medium treats objects located upon reflecting surfaces. It is shown that, when an object is located inside a scattering medium and shields a part of space, ignoring the shadowing leads to incorrect results, especially for modern time-gating systems. We develop a general theory of image formation including the shadowing effect when an object is located inside a scattering medium. The example of the observation of a submerged object through a windy ocean surface is chosen to illustrate this theory. A few unexpected effects in imaging of a submerged object are found and discussed, including contrast conversion for a sinking object and higher contrast in the shadow image than in the image of the object itself. The conclusion that using the shadow image for detection of a submerged object can be more efficient than using the image of the object itself is of practical significance.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (59)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription