Abstract

A comparison of the spectroscopic parameters of Raman-active vibronic modes in various crystalline materials with a view to the use of these crystals for stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) is presented. It includes data on the Raman frequency shift, linewidth, integral, and peak Raman scattering cross sections. For steady-state SRS the highest Raman gain coefficient has been proved to be in barium nitrate and sodium nitrate crystals; for transient SRS it is expected to be in lithium niobate and tungstate crystals. Barium tungstate and strontium tungstate are proposed as new highly efficient Raman materials for both SRS cases.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Eckhardt, D. P. Bortfeld, M. Geller, “Stimulated emission of Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines from diamond, calcite and α-sulphur single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 137–138 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Bisson, G. Mayer, “Effects Raman stimule’s dans la calcite,” Cr. Acad. Sci. 265, 397–398 (1967).
  3. K. Park, “New width data of the A1g Raman line in calcite,” Phys. Lett. 22, 39–41 (1966); K. Park, “Thermal variation of a Raman line width in calcite,” Phys. Lett. A 25, 490–491 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “Intracavity Raman emission in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3 and CaCO3 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027–1032 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Eckhardt, “Selection of Raman materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1–8 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. S. Eremenko, S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “SRS of the second harmonic of neodymium laser in nitrate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 113–116 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, “Compact SRS laser on barium nitrate crystal,” presented at the All-Union Conference Laser Optics, Leningrad, 21–25 June 1993.
  9. P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, I. V. Ermakov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in barium nitrate crystal in the external optical cavity,” in Laser Methods of Surface Treatment and Modification: ALT ’94 International Conference, A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Pustovoy, eds., Proc. SPIE2498, 164–169 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, N. Peyghambarian, D. Smith, W. Austin, R. A. Stolzenberger, “Generation of 1.5 µm radiation through intracavity solid-state Raman shifting in Ba(NO3)2 non-linear crystals,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1017–1019 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).
  13. A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).
  14. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 10, pp. 146–185 of Russian translation published by Nauka, Moscow (1989).
  15. R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60–72 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Wang, “Theory of stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 182, 482–494 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. G. Raymer, J. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990), Vol. 23, pp. 181–270.
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. Kaiser, M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi, E. O. Schulz-Dubois eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Chap. E2, pp. 1077–1150.
  19. Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).
  20. P. G. Zverev, W. Jia, H. Liu, T. T. Basiev, “Vibrational dynamic of the Raman-active mode in barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2378–2380 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

1993

P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).

1987

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “Intracavity Raman emission in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3 and CaCO3 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027–1032 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

1980

A. S. Eremenko, S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “SRS of the second harmonic of neodymium laser in nitrate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 113–116 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60–72 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1969

Y. Wang, “Theory of stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 182, 482–494 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967

G. Bisson, G. Mayer, “Effects Raman stimule’s dans la calcite,” Cr. Acad. Sci. 265, 397–398 (1967).

1966

K. Park, “New width data of the A1g Raman line in calcite,” Phys. Lett. 22, 39–41 (1966); K. Park, “Thermal variation of a Raman line width in calcite,” Phys. Lett. A 25, 490–491 (1967).
[CrossRef]

G. Eckhardt, “Selection of Raman materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1–8 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1963

G. Eckhardt, D. P. Bortfeld, M. Geller, “Stimulated emission of Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines from diamond, calcite and α-sulphur single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 137–138 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Andryunas, K.

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Austin, W.

Basiev, T. T.

P. G. Zverev, W. Jia, H. Liu, T. T. Basiev, “Vibrational dynamic of the Raman-active mode in barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2378–2380 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, “Compact SRS laser on barium nitrate crystal,” presented at the All-Union Conference Laser Optics, Leningrad, 21–25 June 1993.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, I. V. Ermakov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in barium nitrate crystal in the external optical cavity,” in Laser Methods of Surface Treatment and Modification: ALT ’94 International Conference, A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Pustovoy, eds., Proc. SPIE2498, 164–169 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Belyaev, V. D.

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

Bisson, G.

G. Bisson, G. Mayer, “Effects Raman stimule’s dans la calcite,” Cr. Acad. Sci. 265, 397–398 (1967).

Bloembergen, N.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60–72 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bortfeld, D. P.

G. Eckhardt, D. P. Bortfeld, M. Geller, “Stimulated emission of Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines from diamond, calcite and α-sulphur single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 137–138 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. L.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60–72 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Eckhardt, G.

G. Eckhardt, “Selection of Raman materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1–8 (1966).
[CrossRef]

G. Eckhardt, D. P. Bortfeld, M. Geller, “Stimulated emission of Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines from diamond, calcite and α-sulphur single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 137–138 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Eremenko, A. S.

A. S. Eremenko, S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “SRS of the second harmonic of neodymium laser in nitrate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 113–116 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ermakov, I. V.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, I. V. Ermakov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in barium nitrate crystal in the external optical cavity,” in Laser Methods of Surface Treatment and Modification: ALT ’94 International Conference, A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Pustovoy, eds., Proc. SPIE2498, 164–169 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ermolayev, V. L.

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

Geller, M.

G. Eckhardt, D. P. Bortfeld, M. Geller, “Stimulated emission of Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines from diamond, calcite and α-sulphur single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 137–138 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Ivanuk, A. M.

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

Jia, W.

Kabelka, V.

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Kaiser, W.

W. Kaiser, M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi, E. O. Schulz-Dubois eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Chap. E2, pp. 1077–1150.

Karpukhin, S. N.

S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “Intracavity Raman emission in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3 and CaCO3 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027–1032 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Eremenko, S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “SRS of the second harmonic of neodymium laser in nitrate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 113–116 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Karpushko, F. V.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Klevtsova, R. F.

Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).

Liu, H.

Lubimov, A. V.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lyubimov, A. V.

Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).

Maier, M.

W. Kaiser, M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi, E. O. Schulz-Dubois eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Chap. E2, pp. 1077–1150.

Mayer, G.

G. Bisson, G. Mayer, “Effects Raman stimule’s dans la calcite,” Cr. Acad. Sci. 265, 397–398 (1967).

Mikhaylov, A. V.

Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).

Mirov, S. B.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mochalov, I. V.

Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Morozov, V. P.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J. T.

J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, N. Peyghambarian, D. Smith, W. Austin, R. A. Stolzenberger, “Generation of 1.5 µm radiation through intracavity solid-state Raman shifting in Ba(NO3)2 non-linear crystals,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1017–1019 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Park, K.

K. Park, “New width data of the A1g Raman line in calcite,” Phys. Lett. 22, 39–41 (1966); K. Park, “Thermal variation of a Raman line width in calcite,” Phys. Lett. A 25, 490–491 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Pavlyuk, A. A.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Petrovskii, G. T.

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Peyghambarian, N.

Powell, R. C.

J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, N. Peyghambarian, D. Smith, W. Austin, R. A. Stolzenberger, “Generation of 1.5 µm radiation through intracavity solid-state Raman shifting in Ba(NO3)2 non-linear crystals,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1017–1019 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, I. V. Ermakov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in barium nitrate crystal in the external optical cavity,” in Laser Methods of Surface Treatment and Modification: ALT ’94 International Conference, A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Pustovoy, eds., Proc. SPIE2498, 164–169 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

M. G. Raymer, J. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990), Vol. 23, pp. 181–270.
[CrossRef]

Reeves, R. J.

P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shakhverdov, P. A.

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 10, pp. 146–185 of Russian translation published by Nauka, Moscow (1989).

Shimizu, F.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60–72 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sinitsyn, G. V.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.

Stepanov, A. I.

S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “Intracavity Raman emission in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3 and CaCO3 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027–1032 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Eremenko, S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “SRS of the second harmonic of neodymium laser in nitrate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 113–116 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Stolzenberger, R. A.

Syrus, V. P.

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Ter-Pogosyan, M. A.

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

Tikhonova, N. P.

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

Vishchakas, Y. K.

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Vishchakas, Yu. K.

Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).

Voitsekhovskii, V. N.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, J. A.

M. G. Raymer, J. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990), Vol. 23, pp. 181–270.
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. S.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60–72 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, “Theory of stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 182, 482–494 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Yakobson, V. E.

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zverev, P. G.

P. G. Zverev, W. Jia, H. Liu, T. T. Basiev, “Vibrational dynamic of the Raman-active mode in barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2378–2380 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, I. V. Ermakov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in barium nitrate crystal in the external optical cavity,” in Laser Methods of Surface Treatment and Modification: ALT ’94 International Conference, A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Pustovoy, eds., Proc. SPIE2498, 164–169 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, “Compact SRS laser on barium nitrate crystal,” presented at the All-Union Conference Laser Optics, Leningrad, 21–25 June 1993.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Eckhardt, D. P. Bortfeld, M. Geller, “Stimulated emission of Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines from diamond, calcite and α-sulphur single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 137–138 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Cr. Acad. Sci.

G. Bisson, G. Mayer, “Effects Raman stimule’s dans la calcite,” Cr. Acad. Sci. 265, 397–398 (1967).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Eckhardt, “Selection of Raman materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1–8 (1966).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

K. Andryunas, Y. K. Vishchakas, V. Kabelka, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. T. Petrovskii, V. P. Syrus, “SRS-self-conversion of Nd3+ laser emission in tungstate crystals,” JETP Lett. 42, 410–412 (1985).

Litov. Fiz. Sb.

Yu. K. Vishchakas, I. V. Mochalov, A. V. Mikhaylov, R. F. Klevtsova, A. V. Lyubimov, “Crystal structure and Raman scattering in KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Litov. Fiz. Sb. 28, 224–234 (1988).

Opt. Commun.

P. G. Zverev, J. T. Murray, R. C. Powell, R. J. Reeves, T. T. Basiev, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in barium nitrate crystals,” Opt. Commun. 97, 59–63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosk.

A. M. Ivanuk, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. D. Belyaev, V. L. Ermolayev, N. P. Tikhonova, “Picosecond light pulses under intracavity stimulated Raman scattering in the active element of a neodymium laser,” Opt. Spectrosk. 59, 950–952 (1985); A. M. Ivanuk, V. A. Sandulenko, M. A. Ter-Pogosyan, P. A. Shakhverdov, V. G. Chervinskii, A. V. Lukin, V. L. Ermolaev, “Intraresonator stimulated Raman scattering in a nanosecond neodymium laser based on potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Opt. Spectrosk. 62, 961–962 (1987).

Phys. Lett.

K. Park, “New width data of the A1g Raman line in calcite,” Phys. Lett. 22, 39–41 (1966); K. Park, “Thermal variation of a Raman line width in calcite,” Phys. Lett. A 25, 490–491 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

Y. Wang, “Theory of stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 182, 482–494 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60–72 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “Intracavity Raman emission in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3 and CaCO3 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027–1032 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Eremenko, S. N. Karpukhin, A. I. Stepanov, “SRS of the second harmonic of neodymium laser in nitrate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 113–116 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, P. G. Zverev, F. V. Karpushko, A. V. Lubimov, S. B. Mirov, V. P. Morozov, I. V. Mochalov, A. A. Pavlyuk, G. V. Sinitsyn, V. E. Yakobson, “Conversion of tunable radiation from a laser utilising an LiF crystal containing F2- colour centres by stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1560–1563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, “Compact SRS laser on barium nitrate crystal,” presented at the All-Union Conference Laser Optics, Leningrad, 21–25 June 1993.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, I. V. Ermakov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in barium nitrate crystal in the external optical cavity,” in Laser Methods of Surface Treatment and Modification: ALT ’94 International Conference, A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Pustovoy, eds., Proc. SPIE2498, 164–169 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 10, pp. 146–185 of Russian translation published by Nauka, Moscow (1989).

M. G. Raymer, J. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990), Vol. 23, pp. 181–270.
[CrossRef]

W. Kaiser, M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi, E. O. Schulz-Dubois eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Chap. E2, pp. 1077–1150.

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Tables (1)

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Table 1 Spontaneous Raman Scattering Parameters of Raman Crystals

Equations (8)

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Epz, tz=-KpEsAQ,
Esz, tz=KsEpAQ*,
t+ΓAQ*=Ep*Es,
Isl=Is0expgssIpl,
gss=λpλs2Ncπns2ΔΩRdσdΩ,
Gtrl=ln|ESl||ES0|2KSl -τp|EPt|2dt1/2,
Gtrl2Ksl|Ep|2τp1/2=2GsslcΔΩRτp1/2.
IslIs0exp2Ipτpl 8π2c2Nωs3n2dσdΩ1/2-πcΔΩRτp.

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