Abstract

A modeling study aimed at characterizing the radiometric properties of a double-beam Fourier-transform infrared interferometer is presented. Measurements showed that the two responsivities associated with each interferometer channel are different in certain spectral regions. This anomaly was attributed to a dissymmetry between the optical transmissions of the two plates that form the beam splitter. This dissymmetry is primarily responsible for the instrument residual emission. A secondary cause of residual emission is attributed to the relative alignment of the two input optics. Both effects were taken into account in a model that gives the instrument residual emission in terms of the beam splitter temperature. Actual results indicate that in the 7–14-µm window the instrument residual emission can be modeled with an absolute radiometric error smaller than 0.5 K (blackbody at 290 K). The model was used to develop an automatic calibration procedure that yields radiance errors smaller than 0.05 µW/cm2 sr cm-1 in the 7–14-µm band. The radiometric stability of the interferometer was analyzed.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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