Abstract

To make a gas sensor suitable for use at high temperatures, we have used a sol-gel-processing technique to bond a copper-exchanged zeolite fluorescence indicator onto the end of an all-silica optical fiber. Experimental results from single-fiber prototype sensors show they can be used to measure either the oxygen concentration or the equivalence ratio for gas mixtures containing weak or strong reductants, respectively.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. S. Wolfbeis, ed. Fiber-Optic Chemical Sensors and Biosensors (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1991), Vol. 1, Chaps. 2 and 3; Vol. 2, Chap. 10.
  2. M. Morisawa, G. Vishnoi, T. Hosaka, S. Muto, “Comparative studies on sensitivity and stability of fiber-optic oxygen sensor using several cladding polymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 37, 4620–4623 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Velasco-Garcia, M. J. Valencia-Gonzalez, M. E. Diaz-Garcia, “Fluorescent organofilms for oxygen sensing in organic solvents using a fiber optic system,” Analyst 122, 1405–1409 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Aizawa, J. Kazama, H. Ishizawa, K. Takahashi, E. Toba, “Development of optrode type oxygen sensor,” Proceedings of the 1998 Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), 1391–1394.
  5. G. Vishnoi, M. Morisawa, S. Muto, “A new plastic optical fiber sensor for oxygen based on fluorescence enhancement,” Opt. Rev. 5, 13–15 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. T. Remillard, B. D. Poindexter, W. H. Weber, “Fluorescence characteristics of Cu-ZSM-5 zeolites in reactive gas mixtures: mechanisms for a fiber-optic-based gas sensor,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3699–3707 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. I. E. Maxwell, E. Drent, “A kinetic study of the reduction of divalent copper-exchanged faujasite with butadiene and ammonia,” J. Catal. 41, 412–419 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Strome, K. Klier, “Effects of carbon monoxide absorption on the luminescence of reduced copper-exchanged Y zeolite,” J. Phys. Chem. 84, 981–984 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Texter, D. H. Strome, R. G. Herman, K. Klier, “Chemical and spectroscopic properties of copper-containing zeolites,” J. Phys. Chem. 81, 333–338 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.
  11. B. D. MacCraith, G. O’Keeffe, A. K. McEvoy, C. McDonagh, “Development of a LED-based fiber optic oxygen sensor using a sol-gel-derived coating,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VI, R. A. Lieberman, ed., Proc. SPIE2293, 110–120 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. A. Nivens, Y. Zhang, M. S. Angel, “A fiber-optic pH sensor prepared using a base-catalyzed organo-silica sol-gel,” Anal. Chim. Acta 376, 235–245 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. P. Kao, N. Yang, J. S. Schoeniger, “Enhancement of evanescent fluorescence from fiber-optic sensors by thin-film sol-gel coatings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2163–2171 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. A. Grant, R. S. Glass, “A sol-gel based fiber optic sensor for local blood pH measurements,” Sens. Actuators B 45, 35–42 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  15. O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior, D. Avnir, “Long term renewable sol-gel fluorescent optical fiber pH sensor,” in Sol-Gel Optics IV, B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, E. J. Pope, H. K. Schmidt, M. Yamane, eds., Proc. SPIE3136, 104–113 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  16. C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. A. Wallace, Y. Yang, M. Campbell, “Application of sol-gel processes for fiber optic chemical sensor development,” in Tenth International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. D. Jones, eds., Proc. SPIE2360, 465–467 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  18. T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
    [Crossref]

1998 (5)

M. Morisawa, G. Vishnoi, T. Hosaka, S. Muto, “Comparative studies on sensitivity and stability of fiber-optic oxygen sensor using several cladding polymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 37, 4620–4623 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Vishnoi, M. Morisawa, S. Muto, “A new plastic optical fiber sensor for oxygen based on fluorescence enhancement,” Opt. Rev. 5, 13–15 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

D. A. Nivens, Y. Zhang, M. S. Angel, “A fiber-optic pH sensor prepared using a base-catalyzed organo-silica sol-gel,” Anal. Chim. Acta 376, 235–245 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. P. Kao, N. Yang, J. S. Schoeniger, “Enhancement of evanescent fluorescence from fiber-optic sensors by thin-film sol-gel coatings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2163–2171 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

S. A. Grant, R. S. Glass, “A sol-gel based fiber optic sensor for local blood pH measurements,” Sens. Actuators B 45, 35–42 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Velasco-Garcia, M. J. Valencia-Gonzalez, M. E. Diaz-Garcia, “Fluorescent organofilms for oxygen sensing in organic solvents using a fiber optic system,” Analyst 122, 1405–1409 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. T. Remillard, B. D. Poindexter, W. H. Weber, “Fluorescence characteristics of Cu-ZSM-5 zeolites in reactive gas mixtures: mechanisms for a fiber-optic-based gas sensor,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3699–3707 (1996).
[Crossref]

C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

D. Strome, K. Klier, “Effects of carbon monoxide absorption on the luminescence of reduced copper-exchanged Y zeolite,” J. Phys. Chem. 84, 981–984 (1980).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

J. Texter, D. H. Strome, R. G. Herman, K. Klier, “Chemical and spectroscopic properties of copper-containing zeolites,” J. Phys. Chem. 81, 333–338 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

I. E. Maxwell, E. Drent, “A kinetic study of the reduction of divalent copper-exchanged faujasite with butadiene and ammonia,” J. Catal. 41, 412–419 (1976).
[Crossref]

Aizawa, H.

H. Aizawa, J. Kazama, H. Ishizawa, K. Takahashi, E. Toba, “Development of optrode type oxygen sensor,” Proceedings of the 1998 Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), 1391–1394.

Angel, M. S.

D. A. Nivens, Y. Zhang, M. S. Angel, “A fiber-optic pH sensor prepared using a base-catalyzed organo-silica sol-gel,” Anal. Chim. Acta 376, 235–245 (1998).
[Crossref]

Avnir, D.

O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior, D. Avnir, “Long term renewable sol-gel fluorescent optical fiber pH sensor,” in Sol-Gel Optics IV, B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, E. J. Pope, H. K. Schmidt, M. Yamane, eds., Proc. SPIE3136, 104–113 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bein, T.

T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ben-David, O.

O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior, D. Avnir, “Long term renewable sol-gel fluorescent optical fiber pH sensor,” in Sol-Gel Optics IV, B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, E. J. Pope, H. K. Schmidt, M. Yamane, eds., Proc. SPIE3136, 104–113 (1997).
[Crossref]

Brinker, C. J.

T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
[Crossref]

Brown, K.

T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
[Crossref]

Browne, C. A.

C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
[Crossref]

Campbell, M.

P. A. Wallace, Y. Yang, M. Campbell, “Application of sol-gel processes for fiber optic chemical sensor development,” in Tenth International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. D. Jones, eds., Proc. SPIE2360, 465–467 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chocho, K.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Chronister, E. L.

C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
[Crossref]

Diaz-Garcia, M. E.

N. Velasco-Garcia, M. J. Valencia-Gonzalez, M. E. Diaz-Garcia, “Fluorescent organofilms for oxygen sensing in organic solvents using a fiber optic system,” Analyst 122, 1405–1409 (1997).
[Crossref]

Drent, E.

I. E. Maxwell, E. Drent, “A kinetic study of the reduction of divalent copper-exchanged faujasite with butadiene and ammonia,” J. Catal. 41, 412–419 (1976).
[Crossref]

Frye, G.

T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
[Crossref]

Gilath, I.

O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior, D. Avnir, “Long term renewable sol-gel fluorescent optical fiber pH sensor,” in Sol-Gel Optics IV, B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, E. J. Pope, H. K. Schmidt, M. Yamane, eds., Proc. SPIE3136, 104–113 (1997).
[Crossref]

Glass, R. S.

S. A. Grant, R. S. Glass, “A sol-gel based fiber optic sensor for local blood pH measurements,” Sens. Actuators B 45, 35–42 (1997).
[Crossref]

Grant, S. A.

S. A. Grant, R. S. Glass, “A sol-gel based fiber optic sensor for local blood pH measurements,” Sens. Actuators B 45, 35–42 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gregory, C.

T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
[Crossref]

Herman, R. G.

J. Texter, D. H. Strome, R. G. Herman, K. Klier, “Chemical and spectroscopic properties of copper-containing zeolites,” J. Phys. Chem. 81, 333–338 (1977).
[Crossref]

Hosaka, T.

M. Morisawa, G. Vishnoi, T. Hosaka, S. Muto, “Comparative studies on sensitivity and stability of fiber-optic oxygen sensor using several cladding polymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 37, 4620–4623 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ishizawa, H.

H. Aizawa, J. Kazama, H. Ishizawa, K. Takahashi, E. Toba, “Development of optrode type oxygen sensor,” Proceedings of the 1998 Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), 1391–1394.

Iwasa, N.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Kao, H. P.

Kazama, J.

H. Aizawa, J. Kazama, H. Ishizawa, K. Takahashi, E. Toba, “Development of optrode type oxygen sensor,” Proceedings of the 1998 Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), 1391–1394.

Kiyoku, H.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Klier, K.

D. Strome, K. Klier, “Effects of carbon monoxide absorption on the luminescence of reduced copper-exchanged Y zeolite,” J. Phys. Chem. 84, 981–984 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Texter, D. H. Strome, R. G. Herman, K. Klier, “Chemical and spectroscopic properties of copper-containing zeolites,” J. Phys. Chem. 81, 333–338 (1977).
[Crossref]

Kozaki, T.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

MacCraith, B. D.

B. D. MacCraith, G. O’Keeffe, A. K. McEvoy, C. McDonagh, “Development of a LED-based fiber optic oxygen sensor using a sol-gel-derived coating,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VI, R. A. Lieberman, ed., Proc. SPIE2293, 110–120 (1994).
[Crossref]

Matsushita, T.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Maxwell, I. E.

I. E. Maxwell, E. Drent, “A kinetic study of the reduction of divalent copper-exchanged faujasite with butadiene and ammonia,” J. Catal. 41, 412–419 (1976).
[Crossref]

McDonagh, C.

B. D. MacCraith, G. O’Keeffe, A. K. McEvoy, C. McDonagh, “Development of a LED-based fiber optic oxygen sensor using a sol-gel-derived coating,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VI, R. A. Lieberman, ed., Proc. SPIE2293, 110–120 (1994).
[Crossref]

McEvoy, A. K.

B. D. MacCraith, G. O’Keeffe, A. K. McEvoy, C. McDonagh, “Development of a LED-based fiber optic oxygen sensor using a sol-gel-derived coating,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VI, R. A. Lieberman, ed., Proc. SPIE2293, 110–120 (1994).
[Crossref]

Morisawa, M.

M. Morisawa, G. Vishnoi, T. Hosaka, S. Muto, “Comparative studies on sensitivity and stability of fiber-optic oxygen sensor using several cladding polymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 37, 4620–4623 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Vishnoi, M. Morisawa, S. Muto, “A new plastic optical fiber sensor for oxygen based on fluorescence enhancement,” Opt. Rev. 5, 13–15 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mullens, J. W.

C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
[Crossref]

Muto, S.

G. Vishnoi, M. Morisawa, S. Muto, “A new plastic optical fiber sensor for oxygen based on fluorescence enhancement,” Opt. Rev. 5, 13–15 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Morisawa, G. Vishnoi, T. Hosaka, S. Muto, “Comparative studies on sensitivity and stability of fiber-optic oxygen sensor using several cladding polymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 37, 4620–4623 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nagahama, S.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Nivens, D. A.

D. A. Nivens, Y. Zhang, M. S. Angel, “A fiber-optic pH sensor prepared using a base-catalyzed organo-silica sol-gel,” Anal. Chim. Acta 376, 235–245 (1998).
[Crossref]

O’Keeffe, G.

B. D. MacCraith, G. O’Keeffe, A. K. McEvoy, C. McDonagh, “Development of a LED-based fiber optic oxygen sensor using a sol-gel-derived coating,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VI, R. A. Lieberman, ed., Proc. SPIE2293, 110–120 (1994).
[Crossref]

Olteanu, M.

C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
[Crossref]

Poindexter, B. D.

Prior, Y.

O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior, D. Avnir, “Long term renewable sol-gel fluorescent optical fiber pH sensor,” in Sol-Gel Optics IV, B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, E. J. Pope, H. K. Schmidt, M. Yamane, eds., Proc. SPIE3136, 104–113 (1997).
[Crossref]

Remillard, J. T.

Sano, M.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Schoeniger, J. S.

Senoh, M.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Shafir, E.

O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior, D. Avnir, “Long term renewable sol-gel fluorescent optical fiber pH sensor,” in Sol-Gel Optics IV, B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, E. J. Pope, H. K. Schmidt, M. Yamane, eds., Proc. SPIE3136, 104–113 (1997).
[Crossref]

Strome, D.

D. Strome, K. Klier, “Effects of carbon monoxide absorption on the luminescence of reduced copper-exchanged Y zeolite,” J. Phys. Chem. 84, 981–984 (1980).
[Crossref]

Strome, D. H.

J. Texter, D. H. Strome, R. G. Herman, K. Klier, “Chemical and spectroscopic properties of copper-containing zeolites,” J. Phys. Chem. 81, 333–338 (1977).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, Y.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Takahashi, K.

H. Aizawa, J. Kazama, H. Ishizawa, K. Takahashi, E. Toba, “Development of optrode type oxygen sensor,” Proceedings of the 1998 Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), 1391–1394.

Tarrant, D. H.

C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
[Crossref]

Texter, J.

J. Texter, D. H. Strome, R. G. Herman, K. Klier, “Chemical and spectroscopic properties of copper-containing zeolites,” J. Phys. Chem. 81, 333–338 (1977).
[Crossref]

Toba, E.

H. Aizawa, J. Kazama, H. Ishizawa, K. Takahashi, E. Toba, “Development of optrode type oxygen sensor,” Proceedings of the 1998 Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), 1391–1394.

Valencia-Gonzalez, M. J.

N. Velasco-Garcia, M. J. Valencia-Gonzalez, M. E. Diaz-Garcia, “Fluorescent organofilms for oxygen sensing in organic solvents using a fiber optic system,” Analyst 122, 1405–1409 (1997).
[Crossref]

Velasco-Garcia, N.

N. Velasco-Garcia, M. J. Valencia-Gonzalez, M. E. Diaz-Garcia, “Fluorescent organofilms for oxygen sensing in organic solvents using a fiber optic system,” Analyst 122, 1405–1409 (1997).
[Crossref]

Vishnoi, G.

M. Morisawa, G. Vishnoi, T. Hosaka, S. Muto, “Comparative studies on sensitivity and stability of fiber-optic oxygen sensor using several cladding polymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 37, 4620–4623 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Vishnoi, M. Morisawa, S. Muto, “A new plastic optical fiber sensor for oxygen based on fluorescence enhancement,” Opt. Rev. 5, 13–15 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wallace, P. A.

P. A. Wallace, Y. Yang, M. Campbell, “Application of sol-gel processes for fiber optic chemical sensor development,” in Tenth International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. D. Jones, eds., Proc. SPIE2360, 465–467 (1994).
[Crossref]

Weber, W. H.

Yamada, T.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Yang, N.

Yang, Y.

P. A. Wallace, Y. Yang, M. Campbell, “Application of sol-gel processes for fiber optic chemical sensor development,” in Tenth International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. D. Jones, eds., Proc. SPIE2360, 465–467 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

D. A. Nivens, Y. Zhang, M. S. Angel, “A fiber-optic pH sensor prepared using a base-catalyzed organo-silica sol-gel,” Anal. Chim. Acta 376, 235–245 (1998).
[Crossref]

Anal. Chem. (1)

C. A. Browne, D. H. Tarrant, M. Olteanu, J. W. Mullens, E. L. Chronister, “Intrinsic sol-gel clad fiber-optic sensors with time-resolved detection,” Anal. Chem. 68, 2289–2295 (1996).
[Crossref]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

D. A. Nivens, Y. Zhang, M. S. Angel, “A fiber-optic pH sensor prepared using a base-catalyzed organo-silica sol-gel,” Anal. Chim. Acta 376, 235–245 (1998).
[Crossref]

Analyst (1)

N. Velasco-Garcia, M. J. Valencia-Gonzalez, M. E. Diaz-Garcia, “Fluorescent organofilms for oxygen sensing in organic solvents using a fiber optic system,” Analyst 122, 1405–1409 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

T. Bein, K. Brown, G. Frye, C. Gregory, C. J. Brinker, “Molecular sieve sensors for selective detection at the nanogram level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 7640–7641 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Catal. (1)

I. E. Maxwell, E. Drent, “A kinetic study of the reduction of divalent copper-exchanged faujasite with butadiene and ammonia,” J. Catal. 41, 412–419 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. Chem. (2)

D. Strome, K. Klier, “Effects of carbon monoxide absorption on the luminescence of reduced copper-exchanged Y zeolite,” J. Phys. Chem. 84, 981–984 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Texter, D. H. Strome, R. G. Herman, K. Klier, “Chemical and spectroscopic properties of copper-containing zeolites,” J. Phys. Chem. 81, 333–338 (1977).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, H. Kiyoku, Y. Sugimoto, T. Kozaki, M. Sano, K. Chocho, “High-power, long-lifetime InGaN/GaN/AlGaN-based laser diodes grown on pure GaN substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L309–L312 (1998); S. Nakamura, G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN-Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 1997.

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 (1)

M. Morisawa, G. Vishnoi, T. Hosaka, S. Muto, “Comparative studies on sensitivity and stability of fiber-optic oxygen sensor using several cladding polymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 37, 4620–4623 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Rev. (1)

G. Vishnoi, M. Morisawa, S. Muto, “A new plastic optical fiber sensor for oxygen based on fluorescence enhancement,” Opt. Rev. 5, 13–15 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

S. A. Grant, R. S. Glass, “A sol-gel based fiber optic sensor for local blood pH measurements,” Sens. Actuators B 45, 35–42 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior, D. Avnir, “Long term renewable sol-gel fluorescent optical fiber pH sensor,” in Sol-Gel Optics IV, B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, E. J. Pope, H. K. Schmidt, M. Yamane, eds., Proc. SPIE3136, 104–113 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. A. Wallace, Y. Yang, M. Campbell, “Application of sol-gel processes for fiber optic chemical sensor development,” in Tenth International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. D. Jones, eds., Proc. SPIE2360, 465–467 (1994).
[Crossref]

O. S. Wolfbeis, ed. Fiber-Optic Chemical Sensors and Biosensors (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1991), Vol. 1, Chaps. 2 and 3; Vol. 2, Chap. 10.

H. Aizawa, J. Kazama, H. Ishizawa, K. Takahashi, E. Toba, “Development of optrode type oxygen sensor,” Proceedings of the 1998 Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), 1391–1394.

B. D. MacCraith, G. O’Keeffe, A. K. McEvoy, C. McDonagh, “Development of a LED-based fiber optic oxygen sensor using a sol-gel-derived coating,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VI, R. A. Lieberman, ed., Proc. SPIE2293, 110–120 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the optical setup used to measure the fluorescence from a sol-gel-processed silica-encapsulated Cu-ZSM-5 ceramic on the end of an optical fiber placed in a flowing gas stream.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microscope picture of a 100-µm-thick silica-encapsulated Cu-ZSM-5 coating on the end of a 440-µm-diameter fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence response at 425 °C of fiber-optic sensors with different-thickness silica-encapsulated Cu-ZSM-5 coatings. The gas is 2500 ppm O2 and 250 ppm C3H8 for the first 100 s, and the oxygen is switched to 250 ppm and back again to 2500 ppm at 100-s intervals.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence response at 500 °C of the same fiber-optic sensors as in Fig. 3. The gas is initially 3000 ppm O2 and 750 ppm CH4, and the oxygen is switched to 300 ppm and back again to 3000 ppm at 100-s intervals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Steady-state fluorescence response at 425 °C of an optical fiber with a 220-µm-thick silica-encapsulated Cu-ZSM-5 coating to changes in the equivalence ratio (R) of propane–oxygen mixtures.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Steady-state fluorescence response at 500 °C of an optical fiber with a 220-µm-thick silica-encapsulated Cu-ZSM-5 coating to changes in the oxygen content of methane–oxygen mixtures.

Metrics