Abstract

Simultaneous multiple-wavelength cw laser operations were achieved in two types of composite laser rod composed of Nd3+:YAG and Nd3+:YLF crystals, which were laser diode (LD) pumped within a single virtual-point-source cavity. As much as 30 W of total output at 1064- and 1047-nm wavelengths was obtained under 150-W LD input power, with approximately 25% from the 1047-nm wavelength. Different bonding methods were compared, showing that the use of an optical adhesive is effective and presents no deterioration at low and middle power levels. Simultaneous multiple-wavelength operation at 1064- and 1053-nm wavelengths was also studied.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. B. Danailov, I. Y. Milev, “Simultaneous multiwavelength operation of Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 746–748 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. W. Farley, P. D. Dao, “Development of an intracavity-summed multiple-wavelength Nd:YAG laser for a rugged, solid-state sodium lidar system,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4269–4273 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Song, A. P. Liu, K. Okino, K. Ueda, “Control of thermal lensing effect with different pump light distributions,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8051–8055 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Song, A. P. Liu, D. Y. Shen, K. Ueda, “High optical-to-optical efficiency of LD pumped cw Nd:YAG laser under pumping distribution control,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 539–542 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Frei, J. E. Balmer, “1053-nm-wavelength selection in a diode-laser-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6942–6946 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Cerullo, S. D. Silvestri, V. Magni, “High efficiency, 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Song, A. P. Liu, D. Y. Shen, K. Ueda, “High optical-to-optical efficiency of LD pumped cw Nd:YAG laser under pumping distribution control,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 539–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1992 (2)

G. Cerullo, S. D. Silvestri, V. Magni, “High efficiency, 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Danailov, I. Y. Milev, “Simultaneous multiwavelength operation of Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 746–748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

Bass, M.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo, S. D. Silvestri, V. Magni, “High efficiency, 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Danailov, M. B.

M. B. Danailov, I. Y. Milev, “Simultaneous multiwavelength operation of Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 746–748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dao, P. D.

Farley, R. W.

Frei, B.

Grasso, R. J.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. J.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kokta, M.

J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kurtz, R.

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. P.

J. Song, A. P. Liu, D. Y. Shen, K. Ueda, “High optical-to-optical efficiency of LD pumped cw Nd:YAG laser under pumping distribution control,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 539–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, A. P. Liu, K. Okino, K. Ueda, “Control of thermal lensing effect with different pump light distributions,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8051–8055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Machan, J.

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Magni, V.

G. Cerullo, S. D. Silvestri, V. Magni, “High efficiency, 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Milev, I. Y.

M. B. Danailov, I. Y. Milev, “Simultaneous multiwavelength operation of Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 746–748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Okino, K.

Oles, J. C.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

J. Song, A. P. Liu, D. Y. Shen, K. Ueda, “High optical-to-optical efficiency of LD pumped cw Nd:YAG laser under pumping distribution control,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 539–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H. Y.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W. Q.

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. D.

G. Cerullo, S. D. Silvestri, V. Magni, “High efficiency, 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

J. Song, A. P. Liu, D. Y. Shen, K. Ueda, “High optical-to-optical efficiency of LD pumped cw Nd:YAG laser under pumping distribution control,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 539–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, A. P. Liu, K. Okino, K. Ueda, “Control of thermal lensing effect with different pump light distributions,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8051–8055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Staver, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

J. Song, A. P. Liu, D. Y. Shen, K. Ueda, “High optical-to-optical efficiency of LD pumped cw Nd:YAG laser under pumping distribution control,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 539–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, A. P. Liu, K. Okino, K. Ueda, “Control of thermal lensing effect with different pump light distributions,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8051–8055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wing, W. F.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G. F.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, R. R.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. X.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Song, A. P. Liu, D. Y. Shen, K. Ueda, “High optical-to-optical efficiency of LD pumped cw Nd:YAG laser under pumping distribution control,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 539–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1218–1220 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Machan, R. Kurtz, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Ho,Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1313–1315 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Danailov, I. Y. Milev, “Simultaneous multiwavelength operation of Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 746–748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transition from 4F3/2–4I11/2 and 4F3/2–4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937–1937 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, “cw laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, B. H. T. Chai, P. J. Johnson, J. C. Oles, “Lamp-pumped laser performance of Nd3+:Sr5(PO4)3F operating both separately and simultaneously at 1.059 and 1.328 µm,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1280–1286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Cerullo, S. D. Silvestri, V. Magni, “High efficiency, 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the VPS pumping system and the two types of composite rod: (a) and (b) composed of Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF. O.C., output coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Input and output characteristics of two composite rods: (a) and (b) composed of Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the laser outputs under different LD input powers with a coupling mirror having 4% transmission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra changes when one cavity mirror was tilted.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power changes when one cavity mirror was tilted.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Laser Slope Efficiencies and Thresholds for Output Coupling Mirrors with Various Transmissions from Internal-AR-coated composite Laser Rod Composed of Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF

Equations (3)

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1ηs=1η01+LT,
1ηsi=1η0i1+LiT
1ηsi=1αiη0i1+LiT=1η0i1+LiT,

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