Abstract

The phase diversity technique is studied as a wave-front sensor to be implemented with widely extended sources. The wave-front phase expanded on the Zernike polynomials is estimated from a pair of images (in focus and out of focus) by use of a maximum-likelihood approach. The propagation of the photon noise in the images on the estimated phase is derived from a theoretical analysis. The covariance matrix of the phase estimator is calculated, and the optimal distance between the observation planes that minimizes the noise propagation is determined. The phase error is inversely proportional to the number of photons in the images. The noise variance on the Zernike polynomials increases with the order of the polynomial. These results are confirmed with both numerical and experimental validations. The influence of the spectral bandwidth on the phase estimator is also studied with simulations.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (17)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (43)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription