Abstract

Aerosol observations by lidar in the nocturnal boundary layer (NBL) were performed in Potenza, Southern Italy, from 20 January to 20 February 1997. Measurements during nine winter nights were considered, covering a variety of boundary-layer conditions. The vertical profiles of the aerosol backscattering coefficient at 355 and 723.37 nm were determined through a Klett-modified iterative procedure, assuming the extinction-to-backscattering ratio within the NBL has a constant value. Aerosol average size characteristics were retrieved from almost simultaneous profiles of the aerosol backscattering coefficient at 355 and 723.37 nm, the measurements being consistent with an accumulation mode radius not exceeding 0.4 µm. Similar results in terms of aerosol sizes were obtained from measurements of the extinction-to-backscattering ratio profile at 355 nm performed on six nights during the measurement campaign. Backscattering profiles at 723.37 nm were also converted into profiles of aerosol liquid water content.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1998

1997

P. E. Raj, P. C. S. Devara, R. S. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai, K. K. Dani, “Lidar measurements of the aerosol column content in an urban nocturnal boundary layer,” Atmos. Res. 45, 201–216 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

1995

P. Di Girolamo, R. V. Gagliardi, G. Pappalardo, R. Velotta, V. Berardi, N. Spinelli, “Two-wavelength lidar analysis of stratospheric aerosol size,” J. Aerosol Sci. 26, 989–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

A. D’Altorio, F. Masci, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, M. Verdecchia, “Continuous lidar measurements of stratospheric aerosols and ozone after the Pinatubo eruption Part II: time evolution of ozone profiles and aerosol properties,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 2869–2872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1989

1988

G. E. Shaw, “Aerosol-size temperature relationship,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 15, 133–135 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

T. D. Crum, R. B. Stull, E. W. Eloranta, “Coincident lidar and aircraft observations of entrainment into thermals and mixed layers,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 26, 774–788 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

J. D. Klett, “Lidar inversion with variable backscatter/extinction ratios,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1638–1642 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. W. Browell, S. Ismail, S. T. Shipley, “Ultraviolet DIAL measurements of O3 profiles in regions of spatially inhomogeneous aerosols,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1638–1643 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sasano, “Observation study for sensing the atmospheric mixed layer and transition layer structure using Mie lidar,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 63, 419–435 (1985).

R. H. Dubinsky, A. I. Carswell, S. R. Pal, “Determination of cloud microphysical properties by laser backscattering and extinction measurements,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1614–1622 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. E. Gossard, J. E. Gaynor, R. J. Zamora, W. D. Neff, “Fine structure of elevated stable layers observed by sounder and in situ tower measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 2156–2169 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984

R. Boers, E. W. Eloranta, “Lidar observations of the mixed layer dynamics: tests of parameterized entrainment models of mixed layer growth rate,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 223, 247–266 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. W. M. Salemink, P. Schotanus, J. B. Bergwerff, “Quantitative lidar at 532 nm for vertical extinction profiles and the effect of relative humidity,” Appl. Phys. B 34, 187–189 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

Y. Sasano, I. Matsui, H. Shimizu, N. Takeuchi, “Automatic determination of atmospheric mixed layer height in routine measurements by a laser radar,” J. Jpn. Soc. Air Pollut. 18, 175–183 (1983).

1979

1977

G. Hänel, K. Bullrich, “Physico-chemical properties models of tropospheric aerosol particles,” Phys. Atmos. 51, 129–138 (1977).

K. E. Kunkel, E. W. Eloranta, S. T. Shipley, “Lidar observations of the convective boundary layer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 1306–1311 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

G. Hänel, “The properties of atmospheric aerosol particles as functions of the relative humidity at thermodynamic equilibrium with the surrounding moist air,” Adv. Geophys. 19, 73–188 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1973

G. M. Hale, M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200 nm to 200 µm wavelength region,” Appl. Opt. 12, 555–563 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Fisher, “Mass absorption coefficient of natural aerosol particles in the 0.4–2.4-µm wavelength interval,” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 46, 89–100 (1973).

Althausen, D.

Ambrico, P. F.

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

Amodeo, A.

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

Amoruso, S.

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

Ansmann, A.

Armenante, M.

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Arya, S. P.

S. P. Arya, Introduction to Micrometeorology, International Geophysics Series, Vol. 42 (Academic, London, 1988), p. 582.

Bartoli, B.

R. Velotta, B. Bartoli, R. Capobianco, L. Fiorani, N. Spinelli, “Analysis of the receiver response in lidar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6999–7007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Belleci, C.

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Berardi, V.

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

P. Di Girolamo, R. V. Gagliardi, G. Pappalardo, R. Velotta, V. Berardi, N. Spinelli, “Two-wavelength lidar analysis of stratospheric aerosol size,” J. Aerosol Sci. 26, 989–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bergwerff, J. B.

H. W. M. Salemink, P. Schotanus, J. B. Bergwerff, “Quantitative lidar at 532 nm for vertical extinction profiles and the effect of relative humidity,” Appl. Phys. B 34, 187–189 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Boers, R.

R. Boers, E. W. Eloranta, “Lidar observations of the mixed layer dynamics: tests of parameterized entrainment models of mixed layer growth rate,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 223, 247–266 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Boselli, A.

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

Browell, E. V.

Browell, E. W.

Bruzzese, R.

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bullrich, K.

G. Hänel, K. Bullrich, “Physico-chemical properties models of tropospheric aerosol particles,” Phys. Atmos. 51, 129–138 (1977).

Capobianco, R.

R. Velotta, B. Bartoli, R. Capobianco, L. Fiorani, N. Spinelli, “Analysis of the receiver response in lidar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6999–7007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

Caputi, G. E.

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carissimo, B.

L. Menut, C. Flamant, J. Pelon, R. Valentin, P. H. Flamant, E. Dupont, B. Carissimo, “Study of the boundary layer structure over the Paris agglomeration as observed during the ECLAP experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 15–18.
[CrossRef]

Carswell, A. I.

Collis, R. T. H.

R. T. H. Collis, P. B. Russel, “Lidar measurements of particles and gases by elastic backscattering and differential absorption,” in Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere, E. D. Hinkley, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1976), pp. 80–102.

Crum, T. D.

T. D. Crum, R. B. Stull, E. W. Eloranta, “Coincident lidar and aircraft observations of entrainment into thermals and mixed layers,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 26, 774–788 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cuomo, V.

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D’Altorio, A.

A. D’Altorio, F. Masci, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, M. Verdecchia, “Continuous lidar measurements of stratospheric aerosols and ozone after the Pinatubo eruption Part II: time evolution of ozone profiles and aerosol properties,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 2869–2872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dani, K. K.

P. C. S. Devara, G. Pandithurai, P. E. Raj, R. S. Maheskumar, K. K. Dani, “Atmospheric aerosol–cloud stability relationship as observed with optical and radio remote sensing techniques,” Atmos. Res. 49, 65–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Raj, P. C. S. Devara, R. S. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai, K. K. Dani, “Lidar measurements of the aerosol column content in an urban nocturnal boundary layer,” Atmos. Res. 45, 201–216 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De Donato, F.

V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Del Guasta, M.

Devara, P. C. S.

P. C. S. Devara, G. Pandithurai, P. E. Raj, R. S. Maheskumar, K. K. Dani, “Atmospheric aerosol–cloud stability relationship as observed with optical and radio remote sensing techniques,” Atmos. Res. 49, 65–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Raj, P. C. S. Devara, R. S. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai, K. K. Dani, “Lidar measurements of the aerosol column content in an urban nocturnal boundary layer,” Atmos. Res. 45, 201–216 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. C. S. Devara, P. E. Raj, S. Sharma, “Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol in the nocturnal boundary layer,” Environ. Pollut. 85, 97–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Di Girolamo, P.

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Y. Sasano, I. Matsui, H. Shimizu, N. Takeuchi, “Automatic determination of atmospheric mixed layer height in routine measurements by a laser radar,” J. Jpn. Soc. Air Pollut. 18, 175–183 (1983).

Tsuchiya, M.

S. Yamagishi, H. Yamanouchi, M. Tsuchiya, “Shipboard lidar sensing of mixed layer over the sea,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 35–38.
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L. Menut, C. Flamant, J. Pelon, R. Valentin, P. H. Flamant, E. Dupont, B. Carissimo, “Study of the boundary layer structure over the Paris agglomeration as observed during the ECLAP experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 15–18.
[CrossRef]

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V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

R. Velotta, B. Bartoli, R. Capobianco, L. Fiorani, N. Spinelli, “Analysis of the receiver response in lidar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6999–7007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

P. Di Girolamo, R. V. Gagliardi, G. Pappalardo, R. Velotta, V. Berardi, N. Spinelli, “Two-wavelength lidar analysis of stratospheric aerosol size,” J. Aerosol Sci. 26, 989–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Verdecchia, M.

A. D’Altorio, F. Masci, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, M. Verdecchia, “Continuous lidar measurements of stratospheric aerosols and ozone after the Pinatubo eruption Part II: time evolution of ozone profiles and aerosol properties,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 2869–2872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Visconti, G.

A. D’Altorio, F. Masci, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, M. Verdecchia, “Continuous lidar measurements of stratospheric aerosols and ozone after the Pinatubo eruption Part II: time evolution of ozone profiles and aerosol properties,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 2869–2872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wandinger, U.

Weitkamp, C.

Whiteman, D.

R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, K. D. Evans, G. Schwemmer, Y. Kaufman, R. Ellingson, “Raman lidar and sun photometer measurements of aerosols and water vapor,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 23–26.
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

Yamagishi, S.

S. Yamagishi, H. Yamanouchi, M. Tsuchiya, “Shipboard lidar sensing of mixed layer over the sea,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 35–38.
[CrossRef]

Yamanouchi, H.

S. Yamagishi, H. Yamanouchi, M. Tsuchiya, “Shipboard lidar sensing of mixed layer over the sea,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 35–38.
[CrossRef]

Zamora, R. J.

E. E. Gossard, J. E. Gaynor, R. J. Zamora, W. D. Neff, “Fine structure of elevated stable layers observed by sounder and in situ tower measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 2156–2169 (1985).
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V. E. Zuev, Laser Beams in the Atmosphere, translated by J. S. Wood (Consultant Bureau, New York, 1982), p. 504.

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R. Velotta, B. Bartoli, R. Capobianco, L. Fiorani, N. Spinelli, “Analysis of the receiver response in lidar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6999–7007 (1998).
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D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelength,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
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M. Del Guasta, M. Morandi, L. Stefanutti, B. Stein, J. P. Wolf, “Derivation of Mount Pinatubo stratospheric aerosol mean size distribution by means of a multiwavelength lidar,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5690–5697 (1994).
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R. H. Dubinsky, A. I. Carswell, S. R. Pal, “Determination of cloud microphysical properties by laser backscattering and extinction measurements,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1614–1622 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

H. W. M. Salemink, P. Schotanus, J. B. Bergwerff, “Quantitative lidar at 532 nm for vertical extinction profiles and the effect of relative humidity,” Appl. Phys. B 34, 187–189 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Res.

P. C. S. Devara, G. Pandithurai, P. E. Raj, R. S. Maheskumar, K. K. Dani, “Atmospheric aerosol–cloud stability relationship as observed with optical and radio remote sensing techniques,” Atmos. Res. 49, 65–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Raj, P. C. S. Devara, R. S. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai, K. K. Dani, “Lidar measurements of the aerosol column content in an urban nocturnal boundary layer,” Atmos. Res. 45, 201–216 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beitr. Phys. Atmos.

K. Fisher, “Mass absorption coefficient of natural aerosol particles in the 0.4–2.4-µm wavelength interval,” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 46, 89–100 (1973).

Environ. Pollut.

P. C. S. Devara, P. E. Raj, S. Sharma, “Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol in the nocturnal boundary layer,” Environ. Pollut. 85, 97–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett.

A. D’Altorio, F. Masci, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, M. Verdecchia, “Continuous lidar measurements of stratospheric aerosols and ozone after the Pinatubo eruption Part II: time evolution of ozone profiles and aerosol properties,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 2869–2872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Shaw, “Aerosol-size temperature relationship,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 15, 133–135 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Aerosol Sci.

P. Di Girolamo, R. V. Gagliardi, G. Pappalardo, R. Velotta, V. Berardi, N. Spinelli, “Two-wavelength lidar analysis of stratospheric aerosol size,” J. Aerosol Sci. 26, 989–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol.

K. E. Kunkel, E. W. Eloranta, S. T. Shipley, “Lidar observations of the convective boundary layer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 1306–1311 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci.

E. E. Gossard, J. E. Gaynor, R. J. Zamora, W. D. Neff, “Fine structure of elevated stable layers observed by sounder and in situ tower measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 2156–2169 (1985).
[CrossRef]

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R. Boers, E. W. Eloranta, “Lidar observations of the mixed layer dynamics: tests of parameterized entrainment models of mixed layer growth rate,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 223, 247–266 (1984).
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[CrossRef]

J. Jpn. Soc. Air Pollut.

Y. Sasano, I. Matsui, H. Shimizu, N. Takeuchi, “Automatic determination of atmospheric mixed layer height in routine measurements by a laser radar,” J. Jpn. Soc. Air Pollut. 18, 175–183 (1983).

J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn.

Y. Sasano, “Observation study for sensing the atmospheric mixed layer and transition layer structure using Mie lidar,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 63, 419–435 (1985).

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P. F. Ambrico, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, M. Armenante, V. Berardi, A. Boselli, R. Bruzzese, R. Capobianco, P. Di Girolamo, L. Fiorani, G. Pappalardo, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, “A multiparametric lidar system spanning from UV to the mid IR,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 62–69 (1997).

Phys. Atmos.

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Other

L. Menut, C. Flamant, J. Pelon, R. Valentin, P. H. Flamant, E. Dupont, B. Carissimo, “Study of the boundary layer structure over the Paris agglomeration as observed during the ECLAP experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 15–18.
[CrossRef]

T. Murayama, M. Furushima, A. Oda, N. Iwasaka, “Aerosol optical properties in the urban mixing layer studied by polarization lidar with meteorological data,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 19–22.
[CrossRef]

M. Lavorato, J. Fochessato, E. Quel, P. H. Flamant, J. Pelon, “Monitoring of cirrus, clouds and planetary boundary layer in southern hemisphere at Buenos Aires (34.6 S, 58.5 W) for climate applications,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 91–94.
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, K. D. Evans, G. Schwemmer, Y. Kaufman, R. Ellingson, “Raman lidar and sun photometer measurements of aerosols and water vapor,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 23–26.
[CrossRef]

S. Yamagishi, H. Yamanouchi, M. Tsuchiya, “Shipboard lidar sensing of mixed layer over the sea,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 35–38.
[CrossRef]

S. P. Palm, D. Hagan, G. Schwemmer, S. H. Melfi, “Inference of atmospheric boundary layer water vapor and temperature profiles over the ocean using airborne lidar data,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 39–42.
[CrossRef]

C. Flamant, J. Pelon, “Atmospheric boundary layer structure over the Mediterranian during a tramontane event: evidence of gravity waves influence,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 31–34.
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V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Pappalardo, F. Romano, C. Serio, N. Spinelli, M. Armenante, B. Bartoli, V. Berardi, R. Bruzzese, C. Belleci, G. E. Caputi, F. De Donato, P. Gaudio, M. Valentini, “Correlative ground-based lidar measurements for LITE,” in Lidar and Atmospheric Sensing, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE2505, 46–54 (1995).
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R. B. Stull, Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), p. 666.

V. E. Zuev, Laser Beams in the Atmosphere, translated by J. S. Wood (Consultant Bureau, New York, 1982), p. 504.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Vertical profile of the aerosol backscattering coefficient β A,723(z) for 30 January 1997: (a) iterative procedure for k λ = 36 sr; (b) final iteration for k λ equal to 36, 50, and 100 sr.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vertical profiles of β A,723(z), as obtained through the iterative procedure with k λ = 36 sr for the nine selected nights of measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Vertical profiles of β A,723(z) for 11 February 1997 as obtained through the iterative procedure (k λ = 36 sr, bold curve) and simultaneous profiles of potential temperature (open triangles) and RH (solid dots).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical values of the ratio β A,723(z)/β A,355(z) as a function of the mean radius for the accumulation mode r 2: (a) σ1 = σ2 = 1.6; (b) σ2 varying in the 1.2–2 range; (c) σ1 varying in the 1.2–2 range.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simultaneous measurements of β A,723(z) and β A,355(z) for 30 January 1997 and corresponding profile of the ratio β A,723(z)/β A,355(z).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Vertical profiles of β A,723(z)/β A,355(z).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Vertical profiles of aerosol liquid water content w A (z) for the nine selected nights of measurement.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Theoretical values of k 355 and k 723 as a function of the mean radius for the accumulation mode r 21 = σ2 = 1.6).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Vertical profiles of the aerosol extinction-to-backscattering ratio at 355 nm, k 355(z), for three nights during the measurement campaign.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Scheduled Times for Lidar and Radiosonde Measurements for Nine Selected Nights of Measurement

Tables Icon

Table 2 Surface Values of Temperature, Pressure, and Humidity and Weather Conditions for the Nine Selected Nights of Measurement

Tables Icon

Table 3 Height-Integrated Values of βA,723(z), RH(z), r2(z), and wA(z) for nine Selected Nights of Measurements

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

βA,λz=RA,λznzσRay,λ,
Pλz=CAzβλzz2 exp-2 0z αλzdz,
RA,λz=PλzPmz-1.
Pmz=Knzz-2 exp-2τRay,λz+τA,λz,
kλz=αA,λz/βA,λz,
τA,λz=0z αA,λzdz.
αA,355z=ddzlnnzP387zz2-αRay,355z-αRay,387z1+355387δ,
βA,723zβA,355z=rminrmax πr2Qback723, r, m723dNr/drdrrminrmax πr2Qback355, r, m355dNr/drdr,
dNrdlog r=12ni2π1/2 log σi exp-log r/ri22log σi2,
nf=n0rr0RH-3+nw1-rr0RH-3,
wAz=cβA,514z.
kλz=αA,λzβA,λz=rminrmax πr2Qextλ, r, mλdNr/drdrrminrmax πr2Qbackλ, r, mλdNr/drdr,

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