Abstract

As part of a feasibility study for a far-infrared Fourier-transform spaceborne spectrometer, the criteria that drive the choice of the instrument configuration have been identified as broadband operation, dual input and output ports, optics of the interferometer with full tilt compensation, and measurement of both planes of polarization of the source on a single detector. Despite the fact that some of these requirements are apparently difficult to reconcile, a new configuration of the polarizing interferometer that meets all the above requirements has been identified. The considerations that led to the design of this new configuration are discussed.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Auton, “Infrared transmission polarizers by photolithography,” Appl. Opt. 6, 1023–1027 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. A. R. Ade, Department of Physics, Queen Mary & Westfield College , Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK (personal communication, 1997).
  4. I. R. Abel, B. R. Reynolds, J. B. Breckinridge, J. Pritchard, “Optical design of the ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer,” in Optical System Engineering, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. SPIE193, 12–26 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer—instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).
  7. M. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “MIPAS for Envisat-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).
  8. H. Fischer, H. Oelhaf, “Remote sensing of the vertical profiles of atmospheric trace constituents with MIPAS limb-emission spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2787–2796 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, “Remote sensing of the troposphere by infrared emission spectroscopy,” in Advanced Optical Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface from Space, G. Duchossois, F. L. Herr, R. Zander, eds., Proc. SPIE1129, 42–51 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. C. Mather, D. J. Fixsen, R. A. Shafer, “Design for the COBE far infrared absolute spectrophotometer (FIRAS),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2019, 168–179 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. H. Martin, “Polarizing (Martin–Puplett) interferometric spectrometer for the near-and submillimeter spectra,” in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1982), Vol. 6, Chap. 2, pp. 65–148.
  12. B. Carli, “High-resolution far-infrared FT spectroscopy of the stratosphere: optimization of the optical design of the instrument,” in 7th International Conference on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, D. G. Cameron, ed., Proc. SPIE1145, 93–98 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. E. Costley, J. Chamberlain, “Measurement of the emission from a time-varying plasma at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, IEE Conference Publ.113, 210–212 (1974).
  14. B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).
  15. H. L. Buijs, H. P. Gush, “High resolution Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Phys. C2 28, 105–108 (1967).
  16. B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, “Signal doubling in the Martin–Puplett interferometer,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves 2, 1045–1051 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1986 (1)

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, “Signal doubling in the Martin–Puplett interferometer,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves 2, 1045–1051 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (2)

J. P. Auton, “Infrared transmission polarizers by photolithography,” Appl. Opt. 6, 1023–1027 (1967).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L. Buijs, H. P. Gush, “High resolution Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Phys. C2 28, 105–108 (1967).

Abel, I. R.

I. R. Abel, B. R. Reynolds, J. B. Breckinridge, J. Pritchard, “Optical design of the ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer,” in Optical System Engineering, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. SPIE193, 12–26 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ade, P. A. R.

P. A. R. Ade, Department of Physics, Queen Mary & Westfield College , Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK (personal communication, 1997).

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Aiello, S.

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Auton, J. P.

Barbis, A.

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Beer, R.

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, “Remote sensing of the troposphere by infrared emission spectroscopy,” in Advanced Optical Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface from Space, G. Duchossois, F. L. Herr, R. Zander, eds., Proc. SPIE1129, 42–51 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bonetti, A.

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Breckinridge, J. B.

I. R. Abel, B. R. Reynolds, J. B. Breckinridge, J. Pritchard, “Optical design of the ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer,” in Optical System Engineering, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. SPIE193, 12–26 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Buijs, H. L.

H. L. Buijs, H. P. Gush, “High resolution Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Phys. C2 28, 105–108 (1967).

Carli, B.

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, “Signal doubling in the Martin–Puplett interferometer,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves 2, 1045–1051 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

B. Carli, “High-resolution far-infrared FT spectroscopy of the stratosphere: optimization of the optical design of the instrument,” in 7th International Conference on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, D. G. Cameron, ed., Proc. SPIE1145, 93–98 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cayla, F.

P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer—instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).

Chamberlain, J.

A. E. Costley, J. Chamberlain, “Measurement of the emission from a time-varying plasma at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, IEE Conference Publ.113, 210–212 (1974).

Cortesi, U.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Costley, A. E.

A. E. Costley, J. Chamberlain, “Measurement of the emission from a time-varying plasma at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, IEE Conference Publ.113, 210–212 (1974).

Dickinson, P.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Endemann, M.

M. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “MIPAS for Envisat-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).

Epifani, M.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Fischer, H.

Fixsen, D. J.

J. C. Mather, D. J. Fixsen, R. A. Shafer, “Design for the COBE far infrared absolute spectrophotometer (FIRAS),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2019, 168–179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fladt, B.

M. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “MIPAS for Envisat-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).

Gannaway, F. C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Gignoli, A.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Glavich, T. A.

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, “Remote sensing of the troposphere by infrared emission spectroscopy,” in Advanced Optical Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface from Space, G. Duchossois, F. L. Herr, R. Zander, eds., Proc. SPIE1129, 42–51 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gush, H. P.

H. L. Buijs, H. P. Gush, “High resolution Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Phys. C2 28, 105–108 (1967).

Javelle, P.

P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer—instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).

Keim, C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Lange, G.

M. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “MIPAS for Envisat-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).

Lee, C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Leotin, J.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Martin, D. H.

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Martin, “Polarizing (Martin–Puplett) interferometric spectrometer for the near-and submillimeter spectra,” in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1982), Vol. 6, Chap. 2, pp. 65–148.

Mather, J. C.

J. C. Mather, D. J. Fixsen, R. A. Shafer, “Design for the COBE far infrared absolute spectrophotometer (FIRAS),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2019, 168–179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mencaraglia, F.

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, “Signal doubling in the Martin–Puplett interferometer,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves 2, 1045–1051 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Meny, C.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Murray, A. G.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Natale, V.

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nolt, I. G.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Oelhaf, H.

Ogawa, T.

H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pritchard, J.

I. R. Abel, B. R. Reynolds, J. B. Breckinridge, J. Pritchard, “Optical design of the ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer,” in Optical System Engineering, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. SPIE193, 12–26 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Puplett, E.

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, B. R.

I. R. Abel, B. R. Reynolds, J. B. Breckinridge, J. Pritchard, “Optical design of the ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer,” in Optical System Engineering, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. SPIE193, 12–26 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ridolfi, M.

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

Shafer, R. A.

J. C. Mather, D. J. Fixsen, R. A. Shafer, “Design for the COBE far infrared absolute spectrophotometer (FIRAS),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2019, 168–179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shimoda, H.

H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Valmori, G.

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ventura, G.

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Infrared Phys. (2)

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S. Aiello, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, V. Natale, G. Valmori, G. Ventura, “A high efficiency polarizing interferometer for astronomical observations in the submillimetric region,” Infrared Phys. 26, 347–352 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves (1)

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, “Signal doubling in the Martin–Puplett interferometer,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves 2, 1045–1051 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. C2 (1)

H. L. Buijs, H. P. Gush, “High resolution Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Phys. C2 28, 105–108 (1967).

Other (11)

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, “Remote sensing of the troposphere by infrared emission spectroscopy,” in Advanced Optical Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface from Space, G. Duchossois, F. L. Herr, R. Zander, eds., Proc. SPIE1129, 42–51 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Mather, D. J. Fixsen, R. A. Shafer, “Design for the COBE far infrared absolute spectrophotometer (FIRAS),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing, M. S. Scholl, ed., Proc. SPIE2019, 168–179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Martin, “Polarizing (Martin–Puplett) interferometric spectrometer for the near-and submillimeter spectra,” in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1982), Vol. 6, Chap. 2, pp. 65–148.

B. Carli, “High-resolution far-infrared FT spectroscopy of the stratosphere: optimization of the optical design of the instrument,” in 7th International Conference on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, D. G. Cameron, ed., Proc. SPIE1145, 93–98 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Costley, J. Chamberlain, “Measurement of the emission from a time-varying plasma at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, IEE Conference Publ.113, 210–212 (1974).

B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, C. Meny, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, M. Ridolfi, “SAFIRE-A spectroscopy of the atmosphere using far-infrared emission/airborne,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (to be published).

P. A. R. Ade, Department of Physics, Queen Mary & Westfield College , Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK (personal communication, 1997).

I. R. Abel, B. R. Reynolds, J. B. Breckinridge, J. Pritchard, “Optical design of the ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer,” in Optical System Engineering, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. SPIE193, 12–26 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG),” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, M. S. Scholl ed., Proc. SPIE2268, 92–102 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Javelle, F. Cayla, “Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer—instrument overview,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 14–23 (1994).

M. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “MIPAS for Envisat-1,” in Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, G. Cerrutti-Maori, P. Roussel, eds., Proc. SPIE2209, 36–47 (1994).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical layout of a polarizing interferometer in the classic configuration (Martin–Puplett type). Abbreviations used in this and subsequent figures are defined in the text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarizing interferometer with flat mirrors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Double input–output polarizing interferometer with dual rooftop mirrors for tilt compensation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Second configuration of a double input–output polarizing instrument with tilt compensation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Configuration with double signal and single input–output.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Proposed configuration of double input–output polarizing interferometer with double signal and tilt compensation.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of FT Spectrometers As a Function of the Type of Optics Employed in Each Interferometric Arm

Tables Icon

Table 2 Properties of Various Instrument Configurations

Metrics