Abstract

The characteristics of all-optical switching in a waveguide device with a distributed-feedback structure were experimentally investigated. The device was composed of a strip-loaded GaInAsP/InP waveguide and a distributed-feedback structure, which was fabricated by a combination of reactive-ion etching and electron-beam exposure. In the experiments, several optical switching operations were demonstrated. In particular, the all-optical set–reset operation and threshold operation were obtained.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneve, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in a nonlinear GaAlAs X junction,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1153–1155 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg-reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–733 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Mizumoto, Y. Ibusuki, K. Nakatsuhara, Y. Naito, “Waveguide optical bistable device with weighted distributed feedback structure,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 354–355.
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Aversa, J. E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: two-band model,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 18,073–18,082 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “Optical bistable devices controlled with pump beam feedback,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Chiba, Japan, July 1996.
  13. K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Naito, “Weighted distributed feedback for all-optical bistable devices,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1507–1511 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Yamada, K. Sakuda, “Analysis of almost-periodic distributed feedback slab waveguide via a fundamental matrix approach,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3474–3478 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, “Theory of nonresonant multistable optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731–733 (1976).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (2)

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. Aversa, J. E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: two-band model,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 18,073–18,082 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976 (2)

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg-reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, “Theory of nonresonant multistable optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneve, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in a nonlinear GaAlAs X junction,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1153–1155 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Al-hemyari, K.

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aversa, C.

C. Aversa, J. E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: two-band model,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 18,073–18,082 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Buscaglia, F.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cacciatore, C.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Campi, D.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Coriasso, C.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

David, J. P. R.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Faustini, L.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Felber, F. S.

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, “Theory of nonresonant multistable optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Grant, R. S.

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hill, G.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ibusuki, Y.

T. Mizumoto, Y. Ibusuki, K. Nakatsuhara, Y. Naito, “Waveguide optical bistable device with weighted distributed feedback structure,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 354–355.
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, G. T.

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kigure, Y.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “Optical bistable devices controlled with pump beam feedback,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Chiba, Japan, July 1996.

Leo, G.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li Kam Wa, P.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, “Theory of nonresonant multistable optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mason, N. J.

P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mistry, P.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Naito, “Weighted distributed feedback for all-optical bistable devices,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1507–1511 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mizumoto, Y. Ibusuki, K. Nakatsuhara, Y. Naito, “Waveguide optical bistable device with weighted distributed feedback structure,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 354–355.
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “Optical bistable devices controlled with pump beam feedback,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Chiba, Japan, July 1996.

Munakata, R.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Naito, “Weighted distributed feedback for all-optical bistable devices,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1507–1511 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “Optical bistable devices controlled with pump beam feedback,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Chiba, Japan, July 1996.

Naito, Y.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Naito, “Weighted distributed feedback for all-optical bistable devices,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1507–1511 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mizumoto, Y. Ibusuki, K. Nakatsuhara, Y. Naito, “Waveguide optical bistable device with weighted distributed feedback structure,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 354–355.
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “Optical bistable devices controlled with pump beam feedback,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Chiba, Japan, July 1996.

Nakatsuhara, K.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Naito, “Weighted distributed feedback for all-optical bistable devices,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1507–1511 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mizumoto, Y. Ibusuki, K. Nakatsuhara, Y. Naito, “Waveguide optical bistable device with weighted distributed feedback structure,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 354–355.
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “Optical bistable devices controlled with pump beam feedback,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Chiba, Japan, July 1996.

Okuda, M.

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg-reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Onaka, K.

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg-reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Pate, M. A.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rigo, C.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. S.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Robson, P. N.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sakuda, K.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

C. Aversa, J. E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: two-band model,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 18,073–18,082 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

C. Aversa, J. E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: two-band model,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 18,073–18,082 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sitch, J. E.

P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stano, A.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed-feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Van Stryland, E. W.

C. Aversa, J. E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: two-band model,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 18,073–18,082 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Villeneve, A.

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, “Theory of nonresonant multistable optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, A. Stano, “Butterfly bistability in an InGaAs/InP multiple-quantum well waveguide with distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs integrated interferometer in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Li Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, “All optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg-reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–733 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. Aversa, J. E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: two-band model,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 18,073–18,082 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “Optical bistable devices controlled with pump beam feedback,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Chiba, Japan, July 1996.

T. Mizumoto, Y. Ibusuki, K. Nakatsuhara, Y. Naito, “Waveguide optical bistable device with weighted distributed feedback structure,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 354–355.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the GaInAsP DFB waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated transmission characteristics together with set–reset operation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated transmission characteristics together with threshold operation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of threshold characteristics on the coupling coefficient.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Coupling coefficient κ versus grating depth when the grating duty ratio is taken as a parameter.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Main steps in the fabrication of the proposed devices.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Scanning-electron microscope pictures: top view of the fabricated waveguide with a grating.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup for observation of the transmission characteristics for low input power.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured transmission spectra in the fabricated nonlinear DFB waveguide.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Experimental setup for the observation of intensity-dependent transmission characteristics.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measured (a) input and (b) transmitted temporal waveforms.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Threshold operation in the fabricated nonlinear DFB waveguide.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Dependence of the transmitted peak power on the corresponding input peak power.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Transmittance at low input power in the measurement as a function of detuning, n/ n 0. Solid curve, the result from Fig. 7. Filled circles, data measured with the setup in Fig. 8.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Conditions for CHF3 RIE

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Table 2 Conditions for CH4/H2 RIE for Grating and Wavelength Processes

Equations (1)

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n=n0+n2I,

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