Abstract

We report on a rugged all-solid-state laser source of near-IR radiation in the range of 1461–1601 nm based on a high-power Nd:YVO4 laser that is mode locked by a semiconductor saturable Bragg reflector as the pump source of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal. The system produces 34-ps pulses with a high repetition rate of 235 MHz and an average output power of 1 W. The relatively long pulses lead to wide cavity detuning tolerances. The comparatively narrow spectral bandwidth of <15 GHz is suitable for applications such as pollutant detection.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. E. Myers, W. R. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. J. McEwan, “High-power synchronously pumped AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. U. Bäder, J. Bartshke, I. Klimov, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Optical parametric oscillator of quasi-phasematched LiNbO3 pumped by a compact high repetition rate single-frequency passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 95–98 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. E. Britton, D. Taverner, K. Puech, D. J. Richardson, P. G. Smith, G. W. Ross, D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled lithium niobate driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 582–584 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. D. Butterworth, V. Pruneri, D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled lithium niobate based on continuous-wave synchronous pumping at 1047 µm,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1345–1347 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. L. Byer, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 713–715 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. L. Byer, “93% pump depletion, 3.5-W continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1336–1338 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. R. Bosenberg, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. W. Wallace, “2.5-W, continuous-wave, 629-nm solid-state laser source,” Opt. Lett. 23, 207–209 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimsadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. J. Howle, A. I. Ferguson, S. T. Lee, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 161.
  15. snlo nonlinear optics code available from A. V. Smith, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M. 87185-1423.
  16. E. C. Cheung, J. M. Liu, “Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady-state operation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (6)

1997 (1)

L. E. Myers, W. R. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (4)

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

Alexander, J. I.

Arvidsson, G.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bäder, U.

U. Bäder, J. Bartshke, I. Klimov, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Optical parametric oscillator of quasi-phasematched LiNbO3 pumped by a compact high repetition rate single-frequency passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 95–98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bartshke, J.

U. Bäder, J. Bartshke, I. Klimov, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Optical parametric oscillator of quasi-phasematched LiNbO3 pumped by a compact high repetition rate single-frequency passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 95–98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bente, E.

Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

U. Bäder, J. Bartshke, I. Klimov, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Optical parametric oscillator of quasi-phasematched LiNbO3 pumped by a compact high repetition rate single-frequency passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 95–98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Britton, P. E.

Burns, D.

Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Howle, A. I. Ferguson, S. T. Lee, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 161.

Butterworth, S. D.

Byer, R. L.

Cheung, E. C.

Dawson, M.

Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, M. D.

C. J. Howle, A. I. Ferguson, S. T. Lee, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 161.

Drobshoff, A.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimsadeh, M.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, T. J.

Ferguson, A. I.

Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Howle, A. I. Ferguson, S. T. Lee, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 161.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Graf, Th.

Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Howle, C. J.

C. J. Howle, A. I. Ferguson, S. T. Lee, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 161.

Jundt, D. H.

Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, I.

U. Bäder, J. Bartshke, I. Klimov, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Optical parametric oscillator of quasi-phasematched LiNbO3 pumped by a compact high repetition rate single-frequency passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 95–98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Lee, S. T.

C. J. Howle, A. I. Ferguson, S. T. Lee, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 161.

Liu, J. M.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, M. J.

McEwan, K. J.

Myers, L. E.

Penman, Z. E.

Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

Puech, K.

Reid, D. T.

Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Ross, G. W.

Sibbett, W.

Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. G.

Taverner, D.

Turnbull, G. A.

Wallace, R. W.

Wallenstein, R.

U. Bäder, J. Bartshke, I. Klimov, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Optical parametric oscillator of quasi-phasematched LiNbO3 pumped by a compact high repetition rate single-frequency passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 95–98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. E. Myers, W. R. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (3)

U. Bäder, J. Bartshke, I. Klimov, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Optical parametric oscillator of quasi-phasematched LiNbO3 pumped by a compact high repetition rate single-frequency passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 95–98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. E. Penman, P. Loza-Alvarez, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, D. H. Jundt, “All-solid-state mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 146, 147–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Th. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159, 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

S. D. Butterworth, V. Pruneri, D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled lithium niobate based on continuous-wave synchronous pumping at 1047 µm,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1345–1347 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Britton, D. Taverner, K. Puech, D. J. Richardson, P. G. Smith, G. W. Ross, D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled lithium niobate driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 582–584 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. J. McEwan, “High-power synchronously pumped AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. L. Byer, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 713–715 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. L. Byer, “93% pump depletion, 3.5-W continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1336–1338 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. W. Wallace, “2.5-W, continuous-wave, 629-nm solid-state laser source,” Opt. Lett. 23, 207–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimsadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. J. Howle, A. I. Ferguson, S. T. Lee, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 161.

snlo nonlinear optics code available from A. V. Smith, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M. 87185-1423.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup with the pump laser and the OPO. SBR, saturable Bragg reflector; P, pump (fast-axis collimated diode-laser bar); OC, output coupler (R = 85%); L1 and L2, lenses to achieve mode matching in the OPO; M1 to M4, mirrors of the OPO cavity containing the 50-mm-long PPLN crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Signal and idler wavelengths at different temperatures with different domain periods. Circles represent the measured signal wavelength, diamonds show the corresponding idler wavelengths. The filled and empty symbols correspond to measurements at 173 °C and 91 °C, respectively. The curves represent the theoretical values as calculated from the Sellmeier equations.15

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation trace of the emitted signal pulses. Assuming sech2-shaped pulses, the pulse duration was found to be 34 ps.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured spectrum of the emitted signal radiation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variation of the average signal output power with OPO cavity length detuning.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

lt=π2νs2τs2+νi2τs-2+τp-2-νsτs-2+νiτs-2+τp-222τs-2+τp-2-1/2,
τm=Tm2 ln2
νsi=1cgsi-1cgp,
Pth=Lleff2nsninpε0c32ωsωideff2gsgt πwp2,
gt=τp2τs2+τp21/2,
gs=wp2ws2+wp2,
leff=lt erf π2lclt,

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