Abstract

The principle that the coupling of light between two fiber waveguides can be controlled by the resonant interference of a third waveguide has been developed [Attard, Appl. Opt. 37, 2296–2302 (1998)]. Here significant details concerning the operation of a photonic switch are obtained, and a more complete analysis is presented. Multiple-resonant conditions are identified for slab and fiber control waveguides at large indices of refraction. Thus a selection of materials with an appropriate refractive index and a Kerr coefficient is rendered more easily. Furthermore it is shown that the light used to control the index of refraction in the control waveguide does not enter the output of the photonic switch but remains confined to the control waveguide, for either a slab or a multimode fiber control waveguide. Spatial fluctuations of the control light beam in the control waveguide do not affect the operation of the photonic switch. Tolerances have been determined for the spacing between the control waveguide and the photonic coupler and also for the index of refraction of the control waveguide.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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