Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate two optical architectures that process the receive mode of a p × p element phased-array antenna. The architectures are based on free-space propagation and switching of the channelized optical carriers of microwave signals. With the first architecture a direct transposition of the received signals in the optical domain is assumed. The second architecture is based on the optical generation and distribution of a microwave local oscillator matched in frequency and direction. Preliminary experimental results at microwave frequencies of ∼3 GHz are presented.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Zmuda, E. Toughlian, Photonic Aspects of Modern Radars (Artech, Boston, 1995).
  2. N. A. Riza, ed., Selected Papers on Photonic Control Systems for Phased-Array Antennas, Vol. 136of SPIE Milestone Series (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997).
  3. D. Dolfi, P. Joffre, J. Antoine, J. P. Huignard, D. Philippet, D. Granger, “Experimental demonstration of a phased-array antenna optically controlled with phase and time delays,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5293–5300 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, “True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability,” Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387–2394 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. R. Stephens, J. J. Lee, G. L. Tangonan, I. L. Newberg, H. T. Wang, “Photonic RF mixing feed for multibeam arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-6.
  6. D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, J. Chazelas, O. Maas, “Photonics for microwave processing in radar systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-5.
  7. M. J. Wale, “Component technology for microwave photonic systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper TH 1-2.
  8. J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. P. Goutzoulis, J. M. Zomp, “Development and field demonstration of an eight-element receive wavelength-multiplexed true-time-delay steering system,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7315–7326 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, “True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability,” Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387–2394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, J.

Chazelas, J.

D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, J. Chazelas, O. Maas, “Photonics for microwave processing in radar systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-5.

Dolfi, D.

D. Dolfi, P. Joffre, J. Antoine, J. P. Huignard, D. Philippet, D. Granger, “Experimental demonstration of a phased-array antenna optically controlled with phase and time delays,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5293–5300 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, J. Chazelas, O. Maas, “Photonics for microwave processing in radar systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-5.

Esman, R. D.

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, “True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability,” Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387–2394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Frankel, M. Y.

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, “True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability,” Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387–2394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goutzoulis, A. P.

Granger, D.

Huignard, J. P.

D. Dolfi, P. Joffre, J. Antoine, J. P. Huignard, D. Philippet, D. Granger, “Experimental demonstration of a phased-array antenna optically controlled with phase and time delays,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5293–5300 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, J. Chazelas, O. Maas, “Photonics for microwave processing in radar systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-5.

Joffre, P.

Jones, V. I.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. J.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Stephens, J. J. Lee, G. L. Tangonan, I. L. Newberg, H. T. Wang, “Photonic RF mixing feed for multibeam arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-6.

Lewis, J. B.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Livingstone, S.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loo, R. Y.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Maas, O.

D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, J. Chazelas, O. Maas, “Photonics for microwave processing in radar systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-5.

Newberg, I. L.

R. R. Stephens, J. J. Lee, G. L. Tangonan, I. L. Newberg, H. T. Wang, “Photonic RF mixing feed for multibeam arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-6.

Philippet, D.

Stephens, R. R.

R. R. Stephens, J. J. Lee, G. L. Tangonan, I. L. Newberg, H. T. Wang, “Photonic RF mixing feed for multibeam arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-6.

Tangonan, G. L.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Stephens, J. J. Lee, G. L. Tangonan, I. L. Newberg, H. T. Wang, “Photonic RF mixing feed for multibeam arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-6.

Toughlian, E.

H. Zmuda, E. Toughlian, Photonic Aspects of Modern Radars (Artech, Boston, 1995).

Wale, M. J.

M. J. Wale, “Component technology for microwave photonic systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper TH 1-2.

Wang, H. T.

R. R. Stephens, J. J. Lee, G. L. Tangonan, I. L. Newberg, H. T. Wang, “Photonic RF mixing feed for multibeam arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-6.

Wechsberg, M.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yen, H. W.

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zmuda, H.

H. Zmuda, E. Toughlian, Photonic Aspects of Modern Radars (Artech, Boston, 1995).

Zomp, J. M.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

J. J. Lee, R. Y. Loo, S. Livingstone, V. I. Jones, J. B. Lewis, H. W. Yen, G. L. Tangonan, M. Wechsberg, “Photonic wideband array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 966–982 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, “True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability,” Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387–2394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

R. R. Stephens, J. J. Lee, G. L. Tangonan, I. L. Newberg, H. T. Wang, “Photonic RF mixing feed for multibeam arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-6.

D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, J. Chazelas, O. Maas, “Photonics for microwave processing in radar systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper WE 1-5.

M. J. Wale, “Component technology for microwave photonic systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/Lasers & Electro-Optics Society International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics MWP’97, D. Jaeger, ed. (Duisburg, Germany, 4–6 September 1997), Paper TH 1-2.

H. Zmuda, E. Toughlian, Photonic Aspects of Modern Radars (Artech, Boston, 1995).

N. A. Riza, ed., Selected Papers on Photonic Control Systems for Phased-Array Antennas, Vol. 136of SPIE Milestone Series (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997).

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