Abstract

Taking advantage of small aberrations, high efficiency, and compactness, we developed a new, to our knowledge, design procedure for a binary zone-plate array (BZPA) and applied it to a parallel joint transform correlator for the recognition of the human face. Pairs of reference and unknown images of faces are displayed on a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator (SLM), Fourier transformed by the BZPA, intensity recorded on an optically addressable SLM, and inversely Fourier transformed to obtain correlation signals. Consideration of the bandwidth allows the relations among the channel number, the numerical aperture of the zone plates, and the pattern size to be determined. Experimentally a five-channel parallel correlator was implemented and tested successfully with a 100-person database. The design and the fabrication of a 20-channel BZPA for phonetic character recognition are also included.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1998 (2)

1997 (2)

1996 (2)

K. Kodate, Y. Ohya, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Joint transform correlator for an optical face recognition system,” Opt. Rev. 3, 400–402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ichioka, T. Iwaki, K. Matsuoka, “Optical information processing and beyond,” Proc. IEEE 84, 694–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

K. Kodate, Y. Amadera, K. Ogawa, “Array pattern generation with multi-level Fresnel zone plate,” J. Jpn. Women’s Univ. Fac. Sci. 3, 9–17 (1995).

B. Javidi, J. Li, Q. Tang, “Optical implementation of neural networks for face recognition by use of the nonlinear joint transform correlations,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3950–3962 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

1988 (2)

Y. Okada, K. Kodate, H. Kamiyama, T. Kamiya, “Fiber-optic pulse delay using composite zone plates for very fast optoelectronics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1440–1444 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. T. S. Yu, S. Jutamulia, T. W. Lin, D. A. Gergory, “Adaptive real-time pattern recognition using a liquid crystal TV based joint transform correlator,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1370–1372 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

F. T. S. Yu, X. J. Lu, “A real-time programmable joint transform correlator,” Opt. Commun. 52, 10–16 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

1964 (1)

A. VanderLugt, “Signal detection by complex spatial filtering,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-10, 139–145 (1964).

Amadera, Y.

K. Kodate, Y. Amadera, K. Ogawa, “Array pattern generation with multi-level Fresnel zone plate,” J. Jpn. Women’s Univ. Fac. Sci. 3, 9–17 (1995).

Arimoto, Y.

Boothroyd, S. A.

Bryngdahl, O.

Chang, S.

Chen, J. L.

Chrostowski, J.

Danzer, U.

U. Danzer, J. Schwider, “Two dimensional microoptical interconnects for a multiprocessor,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD2, pp. 99–101.

Gergory, D. A.

Goodman, J. W.

Hashimoto, A.

K. Kodate, A. Hashimoto, Y. Takahashi, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Parallel facial recognition system based on optical joint transform correlator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics CLEO/Pacific Rim ’97 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), paper FK3, pp. 276–277.

A. Hashimoto, K. Koda, K. Kodate, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Binary zone plate array for parallel joint transform correlator system: design and evaluation,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD17, pp. 155–157.

Herzig, H. P.

H. P. Herzig, Micro-Optics Elements, Systems and Applications (Taylor & Francis, London, 1997).

H. P. Herzig, “Design of refractive and diffractive micro-optics,” in Micro-Optics, H. P. Herzig, ed. (Taylor & Francis, London, 1997), pp. 1–31.

Ichioka, Y.

Y. Ichioka, T. Iwaki, K. Matsuoka, “Optical information processing and beyond,” Proc. IEEE 84, 694–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iwaki, T.

Y. Ichioka, T. Iwaki, K. Matsuoka, “Optical information processing and beyond,” Proc. IEEE 84, 694–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Javidi, B.

B. Javidi, J. Li, Q. Tang, “Optical implementation of neural networks for face recognition by use of the nonlinear joint transform correlations,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3950–3962 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Javidi, “Optical spatial filtering for image encryption and security systems,” in Optical Pattern Recognition IX, D. P. Casasent, T. Chao, eds., Proc. SPIE3386, 14–18 (1998).

Jutamulia, S.

Kamiya, T.

R. Thapliya, H. Koizumi, K. Kodate, T. Kamiya, “Parallel joint transform correlator applied to Devanagari script recognition,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5408–5415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, Y. Ohya, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Joint transform correlator for an optical face recognition system,” Opt. Rev. 3, 400–402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, E. Tokunaga, Y. Tatuno, J. L. Chen, T. Kamiya, “Efficient zone plate array accessor for optoelectronic integrated circuits: design and fabrication,” Appl. Opt. 29, 5115–5119 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okada, K. Kodate, H. Kamiyama, T. Kamiya, “Fiber-optic pulse delay using composite zone plates for very fast optoelectronics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1440–1444 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, A. Hashimoto, Y. Takahashi, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Parallel facial recognition system based on optical joint transform correlator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics CLEO/Pacific Rim ’97 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), paper FK3, pp. 276–277.

A. Hashimoto, K. Koda, K. Kodate, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Binary zone plate array for parallel joint transform correlator system: design and evaluation,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD17, pp. 155–157.

Kamiyama, H.

Y. Okada, K. Kodate, H. Kamiyama, T. Kamiya, “Fiber-optic pulse delay using composite zone plates for very fast optoelectronics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1440–1444 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Klaus, W.

Koda, K.

A. Hashimoto, K. Koda, K. Kodate, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Binary zone plate array for parallel joint transform correlator system: design and evaluation,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD17, pp. 155–157.

Kodate, K.

W. Klaus, Y. Arimoto, K. Kodate, “High-performance Talbot array illuminators,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4357–4365 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Thapliya, H. Koizumi, K. Kodate, T. Kamiya, “Parallel joint transform correlator applied to Devanagari script recognition,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5408–5415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, Y. Ohya, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Joint transform correlator for an optical face recognition system,” Opt. Rev. 3, 400–402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, Y. Amadera, K. Ogawa, “Array pattern generation with multi-level Fresnel zone plate,” J. Jpn. Women’s Univ. Fac. Sci. 3, 9–17 (1995).

K. Kodate, E. Tokunaga, Y. Tatuno, J. L. Chen, T. Kamiya, “Efficient zone plate array accessor for optoelectronic integrated circuits: design and fabrication,” Appl. Opt. 29, 5115–5119 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okada, K. Kodate, H. Kamiyama, T. Kamiya, “Fiber-optic pulse delay using composite zone plates for very fast optoelectronics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1440–1444 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, A. Hashimoto, Y. Takahashi, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Parallel facial recognition system based on optical joint transform correlator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics CLEO/Pacific Rim ’97 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), paper FK3, pp. 276–277.

A. Hashimoto, K. Koda, K. Kodate, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Binary zone plate array for parallel joint transform correlator system: design and evaluation,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD17, pp. 155–157.

Koizumi, H.

Li, J.

Lin, T. W.

Lu, X. J.

F. T. S. Yu, X. J. Lu, “A real-time programmable joint transform correlator,” Opt. Commun. 52, 10–16 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, K.

Y. Ichioka, T. Iwaki, K. Matsuoka, “Optical information processing and beyond,” Proc. IEEE 84, 694–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, K.

K. Kodate, Y. Amadera, K. Ogawa, “Array pattern generation with multi-level Fresnel zone plate,” J. Jpn. Women’s Univ. Fac. Sci. 3, 9–17 (1995).

Ohya, Y.

K. Kodate, Y. Ohya, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Joint transform correlator for an optical face recognition system,” Opt. Rev. 3, 400–402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Okada, Y.

Y. Okada, K. Kodate, H. Kamiyama, T. Kamiya, “Fiber-optic pulse delay using composite zone plates for very fast optoelectronics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1440–1444 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, M.

Schwider, J.

U. Danzer, J. Schwider, “Two dimensional microoptical interconnects for a multiprocessor,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD2, pp. 99–101.

Takahashi, Y.

K. Kodate, A. Hashimoto, Y. Takahashi, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Parallel facial recognition system based on optical joint transform correlator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics CLEO/Pacific Rim ’97 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), paper FK3, pp. 276–277.

Tang, Q.

Tatuno, Y.

Thapliya, R.

R. Thapliya, H. Koizumi, K. Kodate, T. Kamiya, “Parallel joint transform correlator applied to Devanagari script recognition,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5408–5415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, Y. Ohya, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Joint transform correlator for an optical face recognition system,” Opt. Rev. 3, 400–402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Kodate, A. Hashimoto, Y. Takahashi, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Parallel facial recognition system based on optical joint transform correlator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics CLEO/Pacific Rim ’97 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), paper FK3, pp. 276–277.

A. Hashimoto, K. Koda, K. Kodate, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Binary zone plate array for parallel joint transform correlator system: design and evaluation,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD17, pp. 155–157.

Tokunaga, E.

VanderLugt, A.

A. VanderLugt, “Signal detection by complex spatial filtering,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-10, 139–145 (1964).

Weaver, C. S.

Yu, F. T. S.

Appl. Opt. (7)

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

A. VanderLugt, “Signal detection by complex spatial filtering,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-10, 139–145 (1964).

J. Jpn. Women’s Univ. Fac. Sci. (1)

K. Kodate, Y. Amadera, K. Ogawa, “Array pattern generation with multi-level Fresnel zone plate,” J. Jpn. Women’s Univ. Fac. Sci. 3, 9–17 (1995).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Okada, K. Kodate, H. Kamiyama, T. Kamiya, “Fiber-optic pulse delay using composite zone plates for very fast optoelectronics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1440–1444 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. T. S. Yu, X. J. Lu, “A real-time programmable joint transform correlator,” Opt. Commun. 52, 10–16 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Rev. (1)

K. Kodate, Y. Ohya, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Joint transform correlator for an optical face recognition system,” Opt. Rev. 3, 400–402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

Y. Ichioka, T. Iwaki, K. Matsuoka, “Optical information processing and beyond,” Proc. IEEE 84, 694–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

B. Javidi, “Optical spatial filtering for image encryption and security systems,” in Optical Pattern Recognition IX, D. P. Casasent, T. Chao, eds., Proc. SPIE3386, 14–18 (1998).

K. Kodate, A. Hashimoto, Y. Takahashi, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Parallel facial recognition system based on optical joint transform correlator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics CLEO/Pacific Rim ’97 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), paper FK3, pp. 276–277.

A. Hashimoto, K. Koda, K. Kodate, R. Thapliya, T. Kamiya, “Binary zone plate array for parallel joint transform correlator system: design and evaluation,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD17, pp. 155–157.

H. P. Herzig, Micro-Optics Elements, Systems and Applications (Taylor & Francis, London, 1997).

H. P. Herzig, “Design of refractive and diffractive micro-optics,” in Micro-Optics, H. P. Herzig, ed. (Taylor & Francis, London, 1997), pp. 1–31.

U. Danzer, J. Schwider, “Two dimensional microoptical interconnects for a multiprocessor,” in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, Vol. 10 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper DTuD2, pp. 99–101.

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