Abstract

A single collimating transmission off-axis blazed surface-relief holographic diffractive element that corrects the ellipticity and the astigmatism of a diode-laser beam was designed. The procedure was applied to a hypothetical laser operating at a wavelength of 633 nm that possesses extremely large astigmatism and relatively small ellipticity together with small diverging angles of the laser beam. The element was recorded with only homocentric diverging beams that had pure spherical wave fronts. Because of the off-axis nature of the element, the aberration of asymmetry had to be corrected. The element was tested in a reciprocal way when the incident wave was a collimated He–Ne laser beam. A diffraction-limited beam was obtained that was as large as approximately half of the designed aperture.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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