A theoretical and experimental study is conducted for the direct-detection Doppler Lidar developed by the Service d’Aéronomie du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Thanks to a specific design, the double-edge technique that applies primarily to Rayleigh scattering can also be employed in presence of aerosols backscatter. We focus on a careful estimate of the particle-induced error on the wind measurements. With a theoretical model for the Fabry–Perot interferometer and two sets of calibration measurements, the true spectral properties of the interferometer and the calibration curves are recovered. Furthermore, the particle-induced error is estimated for varying values of the scattering ratio at 532 nm. When applied to real atmospheric signals, this error is shown to be negligible. A comparison between ancillary data and the wind and backscatter ratio as retrieved from the Doppler lidar signals confirms our estimate.
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