Abstract

A method based on Mueller matrix polarimetry is developed and demonstrated for determining the fibril angle and relative phase retardation of single, intact pulp fibers. The method permits quantitative and nondestructive determination of these parameters from measurements at one wavelength without any fiber alignment. The Mueller matrix of a pulp fiber and its relationship with the fibril angle and phase retardation are described. A nonmodulation method for determining the Mueller matrix is then proposed that is based on a set of intensity data registered by a single detector. Measurements were carried out with single pulp fibers as samples to test the theoretical prediction. The test measurements and results are described and presented.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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