Abstract

A new type of translation–rotation encoder that makes use of two identical transparent dielectric gratings lighted in a -1-order Littrow mount is proposed. The correct choice of the wavelength-to-groove-spacing ratio produces only two transmitted beams, which interfere with the highest possible visibility in a large range of experimental conditions. Thus this mounting permits high-accuracy encoders to be produced by the use of cheap photoresist or plastic gratings and opens the way to industrial applications in high-precision mechanics, information processing, etc.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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