Abstract

We present an optical technique for measuring irregularities on a small local surface (≈λ/100). This new technique uses a narrow laser beam as a local probe. The probe beam interferes with a reference beam. We use a 90° phase delay on the reference beam to increase the sensitivity. We show that if the test surface vibrates laterally, the collected power of the interferogram encodes as amplitude modulations, on a sinusoidal temporal carrier, the local surface irregularities.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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