Abstract

Noise sources in the readback signal for phase-change and magneto-optical disks at red, green, and blue wavelengths are examined, and a simple model is presented to explain the observed noise spectra. For phase-change disks the media noise, which corresponds to ∼0.4% fluctuation in the disk’s amplitude reflection coefficient, is the limiting performance factor for the conventional detection scheme. In magneto-optical media the depolarization noise, whose fluctuations are ∼0.05% of the disk’s reflection coefficient, is the major contributor to the media noise in the differential detection scheme. In phase-change optical disks the main sources of noise are the roughness of the groove profiles and the graininess of the polycrystalline recording layer. In nongrooved regions of the disk the media noise measured with green light is found to be nearly the same as that obtained with the red light. In magneto-optical disks the scattering of light from the rough groove profiles, as well as media inhomogeneities, gives rise to depolarization. Measurements on nongrooved regions of a magneto-optical disk indicate that the media noise obtained with the green light is somewhat higher than that obtained with the red light.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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