Abstract

Optical autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses using two photon absorption (TPA) in commercial semiconductor devices provides a convenient, sensitive, and inexpensive alternative to standard techniques using nonlinear crystals. A summary of readily available commercial devices suitable for TPA autocorrelation of picosecond and femtosecond pulses in the near-IR from 0.7–3 μm is presented.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. See, for example, G.J. Dixon, “Advanced techniques measure ultrashort pulses,” Laser Focus World 33,99–105 (1997).
  2. Y. Takagi et al., “Multiple and single shot autocorrelator based on two photon conductivity in semiconductors.” Opt. Lett. 17,658 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F.R. Laughton et al., “Very sensitive two photon absorption GaAs/AIGaAs waveguide detector for an autocorrelator,” Electron, Lett. 28,1663 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N.D. Whitbread et al., “Optical autocorrelator that uses a surface-emitting 2nd-harmonic generator on (211)B GaAs,” Opt. Lett. 19,2089 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Takagi. “Simple autocorrelator for ultraviolet pulse-width measurements based on the nonlinear photoelectric effect.” Appl. Opt. 33,6328 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F.R. Laughton et al., “The two photon absorption semiconductor waveguide autocorrelator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30,838 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Zavriyev et al., “Direct autocorrelation measurements of mid-infrared picosecond pulses by quantum well devices,” Opt. Lett. 20,1886 (1995).
  8. H.K. Tsang et al., “High sensitivity autocorrelation using two photon absorption in InGaAsP waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 31,1773 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D.T. Reid et al., “Light emitting diodes as measurement devices for femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 22,233 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L.P. Barry et al., “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 mm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett, 32,1922 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D.T. Reid et al., “Characterisation and modelling of a non-collinearly phase-matched optical parametric oscillator based on KTA and operating to beyond 4 mm,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 1 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Baluska et al., “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65,175 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J.K. Ranka et al., “Autocorrelation measurement of 6 fs pulses based on the two photon induced photocurrent in a GaAsP photodiode,” Opt. Lett. 22,1344 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Rudolph et al., “Femtosecond autocorrelation measurements based on two-photon photoconductivity in ZnSe.” Opt. Lett. 22,313 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M.M. Karkhanehchi et al., “Autocorrelation measurements of modelocked Nd:YLF laser pulses using two photon absorption waveguide autocorrelator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,645 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Z. Zheng et al., “Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodelectors,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,493 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J.C.M. Diels et al., “Control and measurement of ultrashort pulse shapes (in amplitude and phase) with femtosecond accuracy,” Appl. Opt. 24,1270 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (8)

See, for example, G.J. Dixon, “Advanced techniques measure ultrashort pulses,” Laser Focus World 33,99–105 (1997).

D.T. Reid et al., “Characterisation and modelling of a non-collinearly phase-matched optical parametric oscillator based on KTA and operating to beyond 4 mm,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Baluska et al., “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65,175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Ranka et al., “Autocorrelation measurement of 6 fs pulses based on the two photon induced photocurrent in a GaAsP photodiode,” Opt. Lett. 22,1344 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Rudolph et al., “Femtosecond autocorrelation measurements based on two-photon photoconductivity in ZnSe.” Opt. Lett. 22,313 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.M. Karkhanehchi et al., “Autocorrelation measurements of modelocked Nd:YLF laser pulses using two photon absorption waveguide autocorrelator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zheng et al., “Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodelectors,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D.T. Reid et al., “Light emitting diodes as measurement devices for femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 22,233 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

L.P. Barry et al., “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 mm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett, 32,1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

H.K. Tsang et al., “High sensitivity autocorrelation using two photon absorption in InGaAsP waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 31,1773 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

1992 (2)

Y. Takagi et al., “Multiple and single shot autocorrelator based on two photon conductivity in semiconductors.” Opt. Lett. 17,658 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.R. Laughton et al., “Very sensitive two photon absorption GaAs/AIGaAs waveguide detector for an autocorrelator,” Electron, Lett. 28,1663 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Baluska, A.

A. Baluska et al., “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65,175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L.P.

L.P. Barry et al., “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 mm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett, 32,1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J.C.M.

Dixon, G.J.

See, for example, G.J. Dixon, “Advanced techniques measure ultrashort pulses,” Laser Focus World 33,99–105 (1997).

Karkhanehchi, M.M.

M.M. Karkhanehchi et al., “Autocorrelation measurements of modelocked Nd:YLF laser pulses using two photon absorption waveguide autocorrelator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laughton, F.R.

F.R. Laughton et al., “The two photon absorption semiconductor waveguide autocorrelator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30,838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F.R. Laughton et al., “Very sensitive two photon absorption GaAs/AIGaAs waveguide detector for an autocorrelator,” Electron, Lett. 28,1663 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J.K.

Reid, D.T.

D.T. Reid et al., “Light emitting diodes as measurement devices for femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 22,233 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.T. Reid et al., “Characterisation and modelling of a non-collinearly phase-matched optical parametric oscillator based on KTA and operating to beyond 4 mm,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

Takagi, Y.

Tsang, H.K.

H.K. Tsang et al., “High sensitivity autocorrelation using two photon absorption in InGaAsP waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 31,1773 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Whitbread, N.D.

Zavriyev, A.

A. Zavriyev et al., “Direct autocorrelation measurements of mid-infrared picosecond pulses by quantum well devices,” Opt. Lett. 20,1886 (1995).

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng et al., “Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodelectors,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Baluska et al., “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65,175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron, Lett. (1)

F.R. Laughton et al., “Very sensitive two photon absorption GaAs/AIGaAs waveguide detector for an autocorrelator,” Electron, Lett. 28,1663 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett, (1)

L.P. Barry et al., “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 mm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett, 32,1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H.K. Tsang et al., “High sensitivity autocorrelation using two photon absorption in InGaAsP waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 31,1773 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F.R. Laughton et al., “The two photon absorption semiconductor waveguide autocorrelator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30,838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

D.T. Reid et al., “Characterisation and modelling of a non-collinearly phase-matched optical parametric oscillator based on KTA and operating to beyond 4 mm,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (2)

M.M. Karkhanehchi et al., “Autocorrelation measurements of modelocked Nd:YLF laser pulses using two photon absorption waveguide autocorrelator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zheng et al., “Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodelectors,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 9,493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World (1)

See, for example, G.J. Dixon, “Advanced techniques measure ultrashort pulses,” Laser Focus World 33,99–105 (1997).

Opt. Lett. (6)

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Figures (2)

Figure 1
Figure 1

Measured TPA response of a GaAs LED (squares), GaAs edge-emitting LED (circles), and an InGaAsP laser diode (diamonds).

Figure 2
Figure 2

Results from α GaAs LED showing (a) intensity autocorrelation of 1.5-ps pulses at 1.5 μm, and (b) fringe-resolved autocorrelation of chirped 700-fs pulses at 1.3 μm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of published TPA autocorrelation measurements.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Performance of tested, commercially available devices.

Metrics