Abstract

The measurement of collisional quenching cross sections for the (4p)2 (5s)1 4 P 1/2 state of atomic arsenic is reported. The arsenic 4 P 1/2 state was prepared by excitation from the (4p)3 4 S 3/2 ground state with 197.2-nm laser radiation. The fluorescence signal from the (4p)2 (5s)1 4 P 1/2 → (4p)3 2 D 1/2 transition was monitored at 249.3 nm. Quenching cross sections were obtained for hydrogen, methane, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and ethylene.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. R. Seeker, “Waste combustion,” in Twenty-Third Symposium (Int.) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1990), pp. 867–885.
  2. E. T. Oppelt, “Incineration of hazardous waste—a critical review,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 37, 558–586 (1987).
  3. W. P. Linak, J. O. L. Wendt, “Toxic metal emissions from incineration: mechanisms and control,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 19, 145–185 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. R. Crosley, “Semiquantitative laser-induced fluorescence in flames,” Combust. Flame 78, 153–167 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Kohse-Hoinghaus, “Laser techniques for the quantitative detection of reactive intermediates in combustion systems,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 20, 203–279 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Morrow, G. Wiltshire, A. Hursthouse, “An improved method for the simultaneous determination of Sb, As, Bi, Ge, Se, and Te by hydride generation ICP-AES: application to environmental samples,” At. Spectrosc. 18, 23–28 (1997).
  7. D. Hueber, B. W. Smith, S. Madden, J. D. Winefordner, “Argon fluoride laser-excited atomic fluorescence of arsenic in a H-2 air flame and in an Ar ICP,” Appl. Spectrosc. 48, 1213–1217 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. P. Lucht, D. W. Sweeney, N. M. Laurendeau, M. C. Drake, M. Lapp, R. W. Pitz, “Single-pulse laser-saturated fluorescence measurements of OH in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Opt. Lett. 9, 90–91 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. C. Drake, J. W. Ratcliffe, “High temperature quenching cross section for nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” J. Chem. Phys. 98, 3850–3865 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. C. Drake, R. W. Pitz, “Comparison of turbulent diffusion flame measurements of OH by planar fluorescence and saturated fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids 3, 283–292 (1985).
  11. D. R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 28th ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1997), pp. 10–134.
  12. N. L. Garland, D. R. Crosley, “On the collisional quenching of the electronically excited OH, NH and CH in flames,” in Twenty-First Symposium (Int.) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1986), pp. 1693–1702.
  13. J. R. Lakowicz, Topics in Fluorescence Spectroscopy: Principles (Plenum, New York, 1991), Vol. 2, pp. 54–58.
  14. A. N. Nesmeianov, Vapor Pressure of the Chemical Elements (Academic, New York, 1963), pp. 297–302.
  15. P. D. Kleiber, T. H. Wong, S. Bililign, “Collisional energy transfer in Na(4p-3d)-He, H2 collisions,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(2), 1101–1104 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. S. Dimov, C. R. Vidal, “Cross section for electronic quenching of the CO B 1Σ+ state in collisions with hydrogen and helium,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 221, 307–310 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities for Atoms and Atomic Ions (U.S. Department of Commerce and National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1980), p. 367.
  19. G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure III. Electronic Spectra and Electronic Structure of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, New York, 1966), pp. 597–598, 619, 629.
  20. K. P. Huber, G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure IV. Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1966), pp. 160–169, 262–267, 412–425.

1997 (1)

A. Morrow, G. Wiltshire, A. Hursthouse, “An improved method for the simultaneous determination of Sb, As, Bi, Ge, Se, and Te by hydride generation ICP-AES: application to environmental samples,” At. Spectrosc. 18, 23–28 (1997).

1994 (3)

S. S. Dimov, C. R. Vidal, “Cross section for electronic quenching of the CO B 1Σ+ state in collisions with hydrogen and helium,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 221, 307–310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Kohse-Hoinghaus, “Laser techniques for the quantitative detection of reactive intermediates in combustion systems,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 20, 203–279 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Hueber, B. W. Smith, S. Madden, J. D. Winefordner, “Argon fluoride laser-excited atomic fluorescence of arsenic in a H-2 air flame and in an Ar ICP,” Appl. Spectrosc. 48, 1213–1217 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

P. D. Kleiber, T. H. Wong, S. Bililign, “Collisional energy transfer in Na(4p-3d)-He, H2 collisions,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(2), 1101–1104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Linak, J. O. L. Wendt, “Toxic metal emissions from incineration: mechanisms and control,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 19, 145–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Drake, J. W. Ratcliffe, “High temperature quenching cross section for nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” J. Chem. Phys. 98, 3850–3865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. R. Crosley, “Semiquantitative laser-induced fluorescence in flames,” Combust. Flame 78, 153–167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

E. T. Oppelt, “Incineration of hazardous waste—a critical review,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 37, 558–586 (1987).

1986 (1)

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

M. C. Drake, R. W. Pitz, “Comparison of turbulent diffusion flame measurements of OH by planar fluorescence and saturated fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids 3, 283–292 (1985).

1984 (1)

Berlande, J.

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bililign, S.

P. D. Kleiber, T. H. Wong, S. Bililign, “Collisional energy transfer in Na(4p-3d)-He, H2 collisions,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(2), 1101–1104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Corliss, C. H.

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities for Atoms and Atomic Ions (U.S. Department of Commerce and National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1980), p. 367.

Crosley, D. R.

D. R. Crosley, “Semiquantitative laser-induced fluorescence in flames,” Combust. Flame 78, 153–167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Garland, D. R. Crosley, “On the collisional quenching of the electronically excited OH, NH and CH in flames,” in Twenty-First Symposium (Int.) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1986), pp. 1693–1702.

Cuvellier, J.

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

de Pujo, P.

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dimov, S. S.

S. S. Dimov, C. R. Vidal, “Cross section for electronic quenching of the CO B 1Σ+ state in collisions with hydrogen and helium,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 221, 307–310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Drake, M. C.

M. C. Drake, J. W. Ratcliffe, “High temperature quenching cross section for nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” J. Chem. Phys. 98, 3850–3865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Drake, R. W. Pitz, “Comparison of turbulent diffusion flame measurements of OH by planar fluorescence and saturated fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids 3, 283–292 (1985).

R. P. Lucht, D. W. Sweeney, N. M. Laurendeau, M. C. Drake, M. Lapp, R. W. Pitz, “Single-pulse laser-saturated fluorescence measurements of OH in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Opt. Lett. 9, 90–91 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garland, N. L.

N. L. Garland, D. R. Crosley, “On the collisional quenching of the electronically excited OH, NH and CH in flames,” in Twenty-First Symposium (Int.) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1986), pp. 1693–1702.

Herzberg, G.

K. P. Huber, G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure IV. Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1966), pp. 160–169, 262–267, 412–425.

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure III. Electronic Spectra and Electronic Structure of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, New York, 1966), pp. 597–598, 619, 629.

Huber, K. P.

K. P. Huber, G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure IV. Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1966), pp. 160–169, 262–267, 412–425.

Hueber, D.

Hursthouse, A.

A. Morrow, G. Wiltshire, A. Hursthouse, “An improved method for the simultaneous determination of Sb, As, Bi, Ge, Se, and Te by hydride generation ICP-AES: application to environmental samples,” At. Spectrosc. 18, 23–28 (1997).

Kleiber, P. D.

P. D. Kleiber, T. H. Wong, S. Bililign, “Collisional energy transfer in Na(4p-3d)-He, H2 collisions,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(2), 1101–1104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kohse-Hoinghaus, K.

K. Kohse-Hoinghaus, “Laser techniques for the quantitative detection of reactive intermediates in combustion systems,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 20, 203–279 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

J. R. Lakowicz, Topics in Fluorescence Spectroscopy: Principles (Plenum, New York, 1991), Vol. 2, pp. 54–58.

Lapp, M.

Laurendeau, N. M.

Lide, D. R.

D. R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 28th ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1997), pp. 10–134.

Linak, W. P.

W. P. Linak, J. O. L. Wendt, “Toxic metal emissions from incineration: mechanisms and control,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 19, 145–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, R. P.

Madden, S.

Martin, G. A.

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities for Atoms and Atomic Ions (U.S. Department of Commerce and National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1980), p. 367.

Mestdagh, J. M.

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Morrow, A.

A. Morrow, G. Wiltshire, A. Hursthouse, “An improved method for the simultaneous determination of Sb, As, Bi, Ge, Se, and Te by hydride generation ICP-AES: application to environmental samples,” At. Spectrosc. 18, 23–28 (1997).

Nesmeianov, A. N.

A. N. Nesmeianov, Vapor Pressure of the Chemical Elements (Academic, New York, 1963), pp. 297–302.

Oppelt, E. T.

E. T. Oppelt, “Incineration of hazardous waste—a critical review,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 37, 558–586 (1987).

Paillard, D.

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Petitjean, L.

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pitz, R. W.

M. C. Drake, R. W. Pitz, “Comparison of turbulent diffusion flame measurements of OH by planar fluorescence and saturated fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids 3, 283–292 (1985).

R. P. Lucht, D. W. Sweeney, N. M. Laurendeau, M. C. Drake, M. Lapp, R. W. Pitz, “Single-pulse laser-saturated fluorescence measurements of OH in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Opt. Lett. 9, 90–91 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ratcliffe, J. W.

M. C. Drake, J. W. Ratcliffe, “High temperature quenching cross section for nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” J. Chem. Phys. 98, 3850–3865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reader, J.

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities for Atoms and Atomic Ions (U.S. Department of Commerce and National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1980), p. 367.

Seeker, W. R.

W. R. Seeker, “Waste combustion,” in Twenty-Third Symposium (Int.) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1990), pp. 867–885.

Smith, B. W.

Sweeney, D. W.

Vidal, C. R.

S. S. Dimov, C. R. Vidal, “Cross section for electronic quenching of the CO B 1Σ+ state in collisions with hydrogen and helium,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 221, 307–310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wendt, J. O. L.

W. P. Linak, J. O. L. Wendt, “Toxic metal emissions from incineration: mechanisms and control,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 19, 145–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wiese, W. L.

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities for Atoms and Atomic Ions (U.S. Department of Commerce and National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1980), p. 367.

Wiltshire, G.

A. Morrow, G. Wiltshire, A. Hursthouse, “An improved method for the simultaneous determination of Sb, As, Bi, Ge, Se, and Te by hydride generation ICP-AES: application to environmental samples,” At. Spectrosc. 18, 23–28 (1997).

Winefordner, J. D.

Wong, T. H.

P. D. Kleiber, T. H. Wong, S. Bililign, “Collisional energy transfer in Na(4p-3d)-He, H2 collisions,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(2), 1101–1104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

At. Spectrosc. (1)

A. Morrow, G. Wiltshire, A. Hursthouse, “An improved method for the simultaneous determination of Sb, As, Bi, Ge, Se, and Te by hydride generation ICP-AES: application to environmental samples,” At. Spectrosc. 18, 23–28 (1997).

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. S. Dimov, C. R. Vidal, “Cross section for electronic quenching of the CO B 1Σ+ state in collisions with hydrogen and helium,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 221, 307–310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame (1)

D. R. Crosley, “Semiquantitative laser-induced fluorescence in flames,” Combust. Flame 78, 153–167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Fluids (1)

M. C. Drake, R. W. Pitz, “Comparison of turbulent diffusion flame measurements of OH by planar fluorescence and saturated fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids 3, 283–292 (1985).

J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. (1)

E. T. Oppelt, “Incineration of hazardous waste—a critical review,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 37, 558–586 (1987).

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

M. C. Drake, J. W. Ratcliffe, “High temperature quenching cross section for nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” J. Chem. Phys. 98, 3850–3865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Kleiber, T. H. Wong, S. Bililign, “Collisional energy transfer in Na(4p-3d)-He, H2 collisions,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(2), 1101–1104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cuvellier, L. Petitjean, J. M. Mestdagh, D. Paillard, P. de Pujo, J. Berlande, “Near-resonant electronic-to-rotational energy transfer in Rb (7s-5d)-H2, D2, collisions at thermal energy,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1451–1460 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (2)

K. Kohse-Hoinghaus, “Laser techniques for the quantitative detection of reactive intermediates in combustion systems,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 20, 203–279 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Linak, J. O. L. Wendt, “Toxic metal emissions from incineration: mechanisms and control,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 19, 145–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities for Atoms and Atomic Ions (U.S. Department of Commerce and National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1980), p. 367.

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure III. Electronic Spectra and Electronic Structure of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, New York, 1966), pp. 597–598, 619, 629.

K. P. Huber, G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure IV. Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1966), pp. 160–169, 262–267, 412–425.

W. R. Seeker, “Waste combustion,” in Twenty-Third Symposium (Int.) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1990), pp. 867–885.

D. R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 28th ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1997), pp. 10–134.

N. L. Garland, D. R. Crosley, “On the collisional quenching of the electronically excited OH, NH and CH in flames,” in Twenty-First Symposium (Int.) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1986), pp. 1693–1702.

J. R. Lakowicz, Topics in Fluorescence Spectroscopy: Principles (Plenum, New York, 1991), Vol. 2, pp. 54–58.

A. N. Nesmeianov, Vapor Pressure of the Chemical Elements (Academic, New York, 1963), pp. 297–302.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of LIF of arsenic atoms.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical setup. BBO, β barium borate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Quartz cell.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Stern–Volmer plots for ethylene, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, methane, and hydrogen.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Quenching Constants and Cross Sections

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I LIF = CN g fB 12 I   A 21 g l / g u B 12 I + A 21 + k ion + Σ k Qi N i
I LIF = CN g fB 12 I   A 21 A 21 + Σ k Qi N i .
I 0 I = 1 + Σ K Qi N i ,
K Qi A 21 = σ i ν ,
ν = 8 kT π μ 1 / 2

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