Abstract

Stokes pulses of high energy and high-average power were obtained by stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) compression of long Nd:YAG laser pulses. The SBS medium used in the single-cell compressor was liquid ultrafiltered Fluorinert FC-75 fluorocarbon. An output pulse duration of 0.9 ns and a peak-power enhancement by 1 order of magnitude were observed for 10-ns, 0.57-J input pulses at a 10-Hz repetition rate. The compressor internal SBS efficiency reached a value of ηSBS = 94% and the overall device efficiency a value of ηdev = 87%; both values are the highest reported so far to the best of our knowledge. The simple single-cell SBS geometry provided excellent energy and pointing stability of the Stokes pulse. Its temporal shape turned out to be somewhat less stable. The SBS process also partially improved the laser beam quality. The Stokes pulses proved to be capable of generating radiation in the extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray regions over a period of two months without any significant output deterioration.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Maier, W. Rother, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved measurements of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 80–82 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. T. Hon, “Pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 5, 516–518 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).
  4. M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, “High efficiency laser-pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 8, 313–315 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. V. A. Gorbunov, S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, “Time compression of pulses in the course of stimulated Brillouin scattering in gases,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 900–905 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. C. Dane, W. A. Neuman, L. A. Hackel, “High-energy SBS pulse compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1907–1915 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. W. Hellwarth, “Phase conjugation by stimulated backscattering,” in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 169–207.
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. J. Damzen, H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering in tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, T. Yamanaka, S. Nakai, “High-performance phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror based on high-purity liquid heavy fluorocarbon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 1–2.
  12. H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).
  14. H. Hsu, S.-S. Bor, “Large signal characteristic of stimulated Brillouin scattering and Gaussian beam phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 430–437 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Klövekorn, J. Munch, “Variable stimulated Brillouin scattering pulse compressor for nonlinear optical measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5913–5917 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Fourier-transform-limited laser pulses tunable in wavelength and in duration (400–2000 ps),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 407–412 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. A. Andreev, A. N. Sutyagin, “About possibility of light impulsion compression by SBS in plasma,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 2457–2461 (1989).
  18. H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

1998

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Fourier-transform-limited laser pulses tunable in wavelength and in duration (400–2000 ps),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 407–412 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).

P. Klövekorn, J. Munch, “Variable stimulated Brillouin scattering pulse compressor for nonlinear optical measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5913–5917 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

B. C. Dane, W. A. Neuman, L. A. Hackel, “High-energy SBS pulse compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1907–1915 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

H. Hsu, S.-S. Bor, “Large signal characteristic of stimulated Brillouin scattering and Gaussian beam phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 430–437 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Andreev, A. N. Sutyagin, “About possibility of light impulsion compression by SBS in plasma,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 2457–2461 (1989).

1988

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983

M. J. Damzen, H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering in tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, “High efficiency laser-pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 8, 313–315 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. A. Gorbunov, S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, “Time compression of pulses in the course of stimulated Brillouin scattering in gases,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 900–905 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).

1980

1967

M. Maier, W. Rother, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved measurements of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 80–82 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, A. A.

A. A. Andreev, A. N. Sutyagin, “About possibility of light impulsion compression by SBS in plasma,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 2457–2461 (1989).

Bartnik, A.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Bor, S.-S.

H. Hsu, S.-S. Bor, “Large signal characteristic of stimulated Brillouin scattering and Gaussian beam phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 430–437 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bubis, E. L.

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Daido, H.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering in tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, “High efficiency laser-pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 8, 313–315 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dane, B. C.

B. C. Dane, W. A. Neuman, L. A. Hackel, “High-energy SBS pulse compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1907–1915 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dobrotenko, V. V.

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fiedorowicz, H.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Fujita, H.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, T. Yamanaka, S. Nakai, “High-performance phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror based on high-purity liquid heavy fluorocarbon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 1–2.

Gorbunov, V. A.

V. A. Gorbunov, S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, “Time compression of pulses in the course of stimulated Brillouin scattering in gases,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 900–905 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, L. A.

B. C. Dane, W. A. Neuman, L. A. Hackel, “High-energy SBS pulse compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1907–1915 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

R. W. Hellwarth, “Phase conjugation by stimulated backscattering,” in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 169–207.
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Fourier-transform-limited laser pulses tunable in wavelength and in duration (400–2000 ps),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 407–412 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hon, D. T.

Hsu, H.

H. Hsu, S.-S. Bor, “Large signal characteristic of stimulated Brillouin scattering and Gaussian beam phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 430–437 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, H.

M. J. Damzen, H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering in tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Kaiser, W.

M. Maier, W. Rother, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved measurements of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 80–82 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).

Kato, Y.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Klövekorn, P.

Kmetik, V.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, T. Yamanaka, S. Nakai, “High-performance phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror based on high-purity liquid heavy fluorocarbon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 1–2.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Kormer, S. B.

S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).

Koshemasov, G. G.

S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).

Kulagin, O. V.

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kulikov, S. M.

S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).

Maier, M.

M. Maier, W. Rother, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved measurements of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 80–82 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Matsumura, M.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Munch, J.

Nakai, S.

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, T. Yamanaka, S. Nakai, “High-performance phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror based on high-purity liquid heavy fluorocarbon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 1–2.

Nakatsuka, M.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neuman, W. A.

B. C. Dane, W. A. Neuman, L. A. Hackel, “High-energy SBS pulse compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1907–1915 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nikolaev, V. D.

S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).

Papernyi, S. B.

V. A. Gorbunov, S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, “Time compression of pulses in the course of stimulated Brillouin scattering in gases,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 900–905 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pasmanik, G. A.

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V. F.

V. A. Gorbunov, S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, “Time compression of pulses in the course of stimulated Brillouin scattering in gases,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 900–905 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rother, W.

M. Maier, W. Rother, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved measurements of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 80–82 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Sakaya, N.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Schiemann, S.

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Fourier-transform-limited laser pulses tunable in wavelength and in duration (400–2000 ps),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 407–412 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sczurek, M.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Shilov, A. A.

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Startsev, V. R.

V. A. Gorbunov, S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, “Time compression of pulses in the course of stimulated Brillouin scattering in gases,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 900–905 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stasyuk, N. I.

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sukharev, S. A.

S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).

Sutyagin, A. N.

A. A. Andreev, A. N. Sutyagin, “About possibility of light impulsion compression by SBS in plasma,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 2457–2461 (1989).

Suzuki, M.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Tajima, J.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Ubachs, W.

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Fourier-transform-limited laser pulses tunable in wavelength and in duration (400–2000 ps),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 407–412 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilhein, T.

H. Fiedorowicz, H. Daido, V. Kmetik, A. Bartnik, M. Sczurek, T. Wilhein, N. Sakaya, J. Tajima, M. Matsumura, M. Suzuki, Y. Kato, “X-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” in ILE Annual Progress Report 1997 (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan (1998), pp. 268–272.

Yamanaka, T.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, T. Yamanaka, S. Nakai, “High-performance phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror based on high-purity liquid heavy fluorocarbon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 1–2.

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, T. Yamanaka, S. Nakai, “High-performance phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror based on high-purity liquid heavy fluorocarbon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 1–2.

Yoshida, K.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Maier, W. Rother, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved measurements of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 80–82 (1967).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

M. J. Damzen, H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering in tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Dane, W. A. Neuman, L. A. Hackel, “High-energy SBS pulse compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1907–1915 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Hsu, S.-S. Bor, “Large signal characteristic of stimulated Brillouin scattering and Gaussian beam phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 430–437 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, “Fourier-transform-limited laser pulses tunable in wavelength and in duration (400–2000 ps),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 407–412 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow)

A. A. Andreev, A. N. Sutyagin, “About possibility of light impulsion compression by SBS in plasma,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 2457–2461 (1989).

Opt. Lett.

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

V. A. Gorbunov, S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, “Time compression of pulses in the course of stimulated Brillouin scattering in gases,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 900–905 (1983).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Bubis, V. V. Dobrotenko, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, N. I. Stasyuk, A. A. Shilov, “Influence of thermal self-action on the excitation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in absorbing media,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 94–97 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP

S. B. Kormer, G. G. Koshemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, S. A. Sukharev, “Use of nonlinear processes to shape subnanosecond high-contrast pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 55, 630–636 (1982).

Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, “A measurement of the absorption coefficient in high transparent liquids at a near-infrared region,” Technol. Rep. Osaka Univ. 24, 9–20 (1997).

Other

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overall layout of the SBS compression experiment: TL, expanding telescope consisting of negative and positive lenses with focal lengths of -10 and +20 cm, respectively; λ/4, quarter-wave plate; RM, removable mirror; Pol, thin-layer polarizer; Atn, attenuator. The SBS cell is filled with ultrafiltered Fluorinert FC-75 liquid.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

NFP’s and FFP’s of the pump and Stokes pulses: (a) NFP pump, (b) NFP Stokes, (c) FFP, pump, (d) FFP Stokes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Stokes pulse duration, t S , versus focal length of the TL in air, f TL(air) at E P = 570 mJ. Filled circles denote measurements of t S and the solid curve is a fit to the measurements. (b) Stokes pulse duration, t S , and internal efficiency, ηSBS, versus pump energy E P at f TL(air) = 165 cm. Filled triangles denote measurements of t S and the solid curve is a fit to the t S measurements. Filled circles are measured values of ηSBS and the dashed curve is a fit to the ηSBS measurements. The bars represent the standard deviation obtained from an average of 10 shots for each value of t S and ηSBS. The error associated with a measurement in a single shot is at the 1% level.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Instantaneous power of the pump and Stokes pulses as measured with the 1-GHz TDS oscilloscope. The first peak in the tail is an experimental artifact that is due to cable reflection. (b) Instantaneous power of the Stokes pulse as measured with the 5-GHz SCD transient digitizer; note the stretched time scale. (c) Instantaneous power of the pump and Stokes pulses numerically calculated with the SBS code as described in the text.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Optical and SBS related properties of Fluorinert FC-75 liquid at 25 °C near 1 μm

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