Abstract

The laser-induced fluorescence spectra of living leaves of seven different trees were investigated by using a 355-nm pulsed Nd:YAG laser. The shapes of the spectra (360–800 nm) varied depending on the season and growing conditions. Generally, red fluorescence (>650 nm) was larger during summer to autumn, which offers information on the activity of photosynthesis, and blue-green fluorescence (<650 nm) was relatively large in early summer and late autumn to winter, which offers information on the progress of growth and senescence. The spectral shapes also varied depending on the organic constituents inside the leaves. Separation of the spectra into their components was tried to identify the leaves’ constituents. These basic data are indispensable for developing a vegetation-monitoring fluorescence lidar.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  16. M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.
  17. U. Rinderle, H. K. Lichtenthaler, “The chlorophyll fluorescence ratio F690/F735 as a possible stress indicator,” in Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence, H. K. Lichtenthaler, ed. (Kluwer Academic, London, 1988), pp. 189–196.
  18. K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
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1996

J. Johansson, M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Mattsson, S. Svanberg, “Remote fluorescence measurement of vegetation spectrally resolved and by multi-color fluorescence imaging,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 632–637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

1994

E. W. Chappelle, H Lichtenthaler, eds., special issue on Fluorescence Measurements of Vegetation, Remote Sensing Environ. 47, 1–105 (1994).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, “Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2471–2479 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

1984

1983

1973

R. M. Measures, W. Houston, M. Bristow, “Development and field tests of a laser fluorosensor for environmental monitoring,” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 19, 501–506 (1973).

Andersson, M.

J. Johansson, M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Mattsson, S. Svanberg, “Remote fluorescence measurement of vegetation spectrally resolved and by multi-color fluorescence imaging,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 632–637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bazzani, M.

G. Cecchi, M. Bazzani, V. Rainondi, L. Pantani, “Fluorescence lidar in vegetation remote sensing: system features and multiplatform operation,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’94, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 637–639.

Bristow, M.

R. M. Measures, W. Houston, M. Bristow, “Development and field tests of a laser fluorosensor for environmental monitoring,” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 19, 501–506 (1973).

Camenen, L.

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

Cecchi, G.

G. Cecchi, M. Bazzani, V. Rainondi, L. Pantani, “Fluorescence lidar in vegetation remote sensing: system features and multiplatform operation,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’94, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 637–639.

Chappelle, E. W.

Edner, H.

J. Johansson, M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Mattsson, S. Svanberg, “Remote fluorescence measurement of vegetation spectrally resolved and by multi-color fluorescence imaging,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 632–637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, “Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2471–2479 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulas, Y.

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

Guyot, G.

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

Hatake, K.

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

Heisel, F.

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hoge, F. E.

Houston, W.

R. M. Measures, W. Houston, M. Bristow, “Development and field tests of a laser fluorosensor for environmental monitoring,” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 19, 501–506 (1973).

Ida, K.

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

Ishii, H.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

Itabe, T.

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

Johansson, J.

J. Johansson, M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Mattsson, S. Svanberg, “Remote fluorescence measurement of vegetation spectrally resolved and by multi-color fluorescence imaging,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 632–637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, “Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2471–2479 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kano, H.

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

Kanoh, M.

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

Kawahara, T. D.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

Kobayashi, S.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, M.

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, A.

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

Lang, M.

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lichtenthaler, H. K.

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Lichtenthaler, “Laser-induced chlorophyll fluorescence of living plants,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGRASS ’86, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1986), pp. 1571–1579.

U. Rinderle, H. K. Lichtenthaler, “The chlorophyll fluorescence ratio F690/F735 as a possible stress indicator,” in Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence, H. K. Lichtenthaler, ed. (Kluwer Academic, London, 1988), pp. 189–196.

Mattsson, J.

J. Johansson, M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Mattsson, S. Svanberg, “Remote fluorescence measurement of vegetation spectrally resolved and by multi-color fluorescence imaging,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 632–637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McMurtrey, J. E.

Measures, R. M.

R. M. Measures, W. Houston, M. Bristow, “Development and field tests of a laser fluorosensor for environmental monitoring,” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 19, 501–506 (1973).

Miehe, J. A.

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Minemura, K.

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

Mineuchi, K.

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

Miyagahara, T.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

Miyazaki, T.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

Morales, F.

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

Moya, I.

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

Nakamura, T.

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

Newcomb, W. W.

Nomura, A.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

Nomura, E.

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

Pantani, L.

G. Cecchi, M. Bazzani, V. Rainondi, L. Pantani, “Fluorescence lidar in vegetation remote sensing: system features and multiplatform operation,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’94, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 637–639.

Rainondi, V.

G. Cecchi, M. Bazzani, V. Rainondi, L. Pantani, “Fluorescence lidar in vegetation remote sensing: system features and multiplatform operation,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’94, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 637–639.

Rinderle, U.

U. Rinderle, H. K. Lichtenthaler, “The chlorophyll fluorescence ratio F690/F735 as a possible stress indicator,” in Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence, H. K. Lichtenthaler, ed. (Kluwer Academic, London, 1988), pp. 189–196.

Saito, Y.

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

Sakurai, N.

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

Schmuck, G.

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

Sowinska, M.

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

Svanberg, S.

J. Johansson, M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Mattsson, S. Svanberg, “Remote fluorescence measurement of vegetation spectrally resolved and by multi-color fluorescence imaging,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 632–637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, “Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2471–2479 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swift, R. N.

Takahashi, K.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

Takaragaki, S.

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

Tomasine, F.

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wallinder, E.

Wood, F. M.

Yamadera, Y.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

Younger, J. K.

Appl. Opt.

Can. Aeronaut. Space J.

R. M. Measures, W. Houston, M. Bristow, “Development and field tests of a laser fluorosensor for environmental monitoring,” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 19, 501–506 (1973).

EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing

I. Moya, Y. Goulas, F. Morales, L. Camenen, G. Guyot, G. Schmuck, “Remote sensing of time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence and back-scattering of laser extinction by vegetation,” EARSeL (European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories) Adv. Remote Sensing 3, 188–197 (1995).

J. Plant Physiol.

M. Sowinska, F. Heisel, J. A. Miehe, M. Lang, H. K. Lichtenthaler, F. Tomasine, “Remote sensing of plants by streak camera lifetime measurements of the chlorophyll a emission,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 638–644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Johansson, M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Mattsson, S. Svanberg, “Remote fluorescence measurement of vegetation spectrally resolved and by multi-color fluorescence imaging,” J. Plant Physiol. 148, 632–637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sensing Environ.

E. W. Chappelle, H Lichtenthaler, eds., special issue on Fluorescence Measurements of Vegetation, Remote Sensing Environ. 47, 1–105 (1994).

Other

G. Cecchi, M. Bazzani, V. Rainondi, L. Pantani, “Fluorescence lidar in vegetation remote sensing: system features and multiplatform operation,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’94, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 637–639.

Y. Saito, K. Hatake, E. Nomura, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, N. Sugimoto, T. Itabe, “Remote and range-resolved in-situ image detection of laser induced fluorescence from natural trees,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansman, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 475–478.

H. K. Lichtenthaler, “Laser-induced chlorophyll fluorescence of living plants,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGRASS ’86, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1986), pp. 1571–1579.

Y. Saito, K. Takahashi, E. Nomura, K. Mineuchi, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, S. Kobayashi, H. Ishii, “Visualization of laser induced fluorescence of plants influenced by environmental stress with a microfluorescence imaging system and a fluorescence imaging lidar system,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing for Terrestrial and Oceanographic Applications, R. M. Narayanan, J. E. Kalshoven, eds., Proc. SPIE3059, 190–198 (1997);K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, S. Kobayashi, Y. Emori, “Fundamental study on extraction of information from transverse distribution of fluorescence in intact leaves of plants by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method,” J. Remote Sensing Jpn. 16, 2–13 (1996), in Japanese.
[CrossRef]

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Study on laser-induced method for vegetation diagnosis II-Effect of water and nutrients on laser-induced fluorescence of sasanqua leaves,” in Extended Abstracts (The 44th Spring Meeting, 1997), Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), paper 30a-E-11, in Japanese.

M. Kanoh, Y. Saito, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, T. Miyagahara, T. Miyazaki, Y. Yamadera, “Measurement of laser-induced fluorescence of intact plant leaves (II),” in 18th Japanese Laser Sensing Symposium Abstracts of Papers (Laser Radar Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), paper B9, in Japanese.

U. Rinderle, H. K. Lichtenthaler, “The chlorophyll fluorescence ratio F690/F735 as a possible stress indicator,” in Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence, H. K. Lichtenthaler, ed. (Kluwer Academic, London, 1988), pp. 189–196.

K. Takahashi, K. Mineuchi, T. Nakamura, N. Sakurai, A. Komatsu, M. Koizumi, H. Kano, “Laser induced fluorescence of tree leaves: spectral changes with plant species and seasons,” in Proceedings of International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1985–1987.
[CrossRef]

R Rundel, ed., Technical Guide of peakfit; R. Brown, R. Rundel, eds., peakfit Tutorial (Jandel Scientific, San Rafael, California, 1991).

Y. Saito, M. Kanoh, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, K. Takahashi, K. Minemura, K. Ida, S. Takaragaki, “Study on laser-induced fluorescence method for vegetation diagnosis. I: Comparison of LIF spectra with HPLC spectra,” in Extended Abstracts (The 57th Autumn Meeting, 1996), Japan Society of Applied Physics, (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1996), paper 7p-ZV-5, in Japanese.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

LIF measurement layout: (a) experimental setup and (b) configuration of leaf, laser beam, and fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

LIF spectra of aucuba depending on laser incident angle: (a) upper-surface measurements and (b) lower-surface measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Seasonal variation of LIF spectra of zelkova.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Ratio of intensity at 740 nm compared with that at 685 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Seasonal variation of LIF spectra of six deciduous trees.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Correlation of LIF spectra to surface colors: (a) zelkova and (b) cherry tree (Sakura).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Separation of LIF and recomposed spectra.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specifications of LIF Measurement System

Metrics