Abstract

The scheme of using fiber speckle patterns can be applied to the multiplexing of photorefractive holograms. Fiber speckle referencing enhances the angular selectivity of the holograms. Speckle multiplexing is also possible by use of a mode scrambler. Also studied is the feasibility of a hybrid scheme involving simultaneous shift and speckle multiplexing.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Hong, I. McMichael, T. Y. Chang, W. Christian, E. G. Paek, “Volume holographic memory systems: techniques and architectures,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2193–2203 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, A. Yariv, “Optical data storage by using orthogonal wavelength-multiplexed volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1471–1473 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Psaltis, M. Levene, A. Pu, G. Barbastathis, “Holographic storage using shift multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 20, 782–784 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. H. Kang, K. H. Kim, B. Lee, “Volume hologram scheme using optical fiber for spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 22, 739–741 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. H. Kim, Y. H. Kang, B. Lee, “Recording of volume hologram using a beam pattern from tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1610–1612 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. T. S. Yu, K. Pan, D. Zhao, P. B. Ruffin, “Dynamic fiber specklegram sensing,” Appl. Opt. 34, 622–626 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Saffman, D. Z. Anderson, “Mode multiplexing and holographic demultiplexing communication channels on a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 16, 300–302 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.
  10. B. Lee, E. Yin, T. K. Gustafson, A. Spiridon, J. Watjen, “Non-degenerate wave coupling in a photorefractive crystal using a pulsed laser with an external synchronization technique,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’93, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1994), pp. 487–492.
  11. Y. H. Kang, “Volume holographic scheme using speckle patterns and its applications to holographic image storage system and optical interconnects,” Ph.D. dissertation (Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, August1997).
  12. K. Curtis, D. Psaltis, “Cross talk in phase-coded holographic memories,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2547–2550 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. H. Kim, Y. H. Kang, B. Lee, “Recording of volume hologram using a beam pattern from tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1610–1612 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kang, K. H. Kim, B. Lee, “Volume hologram scheme using optical fiber for spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 22, 739–741 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

M. Saffman, D. Z. Anderson, “Mode multiplexing and holographic demultiplexing communication channels on a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 16, 300–302 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. Z.

Barbastathis, G.

Chang, T. Y.

J. Hong, I. McMichael, T. Y. Chang, W. Christian, E. G. Paek, “Volume holographic memory systems: techniques and architectures,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2193–2203 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.

Christian, W.

J. Hong, I. McMichael, T. Y. Chang, W. Christian, E. G. Paek, “Volume holographic memory systems: techniques and architectures,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2193–2203 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.

Curtis, K.

Denz, C.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, T. K.

B. Lee, E. Yin, T. K. Gustafson, A. Spiridon, J. Watjen, “Non-degenerate wave coupling in a photorefractive crystal using a pulsed laser with an external synchronization technique,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’93, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1994), pp. 487–492.

Hong, J.

J. Hong, I. McMichael, T. Y. Chang, W. Christian, E. G. Paek, “Volume holographic memory systems: techniques and architectures,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2193–2203 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.

Kang, Y. H.

K. H. Kim, Y. H. Kang, B. Lee, “Recording of volume hologram using a beam pattern from tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1610–1612 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kang, K. H. Kim, B. Lee, “Volume hologram scheme using optical fiber for spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 22, 739–741 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Kang, “Volume holographic scheme using speckle patterns and its applications to holographic image storage system and optical interconnects,” Ph.D. dissertation (Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, August1997).

Khoshnevisan, M.

I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.

Kim, K. H.

K. H. Kim, Y. H. Kang, B. Lee, “Recording of volume hologram using a beam pattern from tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1610–1612 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kang, K. H. Kim, B. Lee, “Volume hologram scheme using optical fiber for spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 22, 739–741 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

Y. H. Kang, K. H. Kim, B. Lee, “Volume hologram scheme using optical fiber for spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 22, 739–741 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, Y. H. Kang, B. Lee, “Recording of volume hologram using a beam pattern from tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1610–1612 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, E. Yin, T. K. Gustafson, A. Spiridon, J. Watjen, “Non-degenerate wave coupling in a photorefractive crystal using a pulsed laser with an external synchronization technique,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’93, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1994), pp. 487–492.

Levene, M.

Leyva, V.

McMichael, I.

J. Hong, I. McMichael, T. Y. Chang, W. Christian, E. G. Paek, “Volume holographic memory systems: techniques and architectures,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2193–2203 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.

Neurgaonkar, R.

I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.

Paek, E. G.

J. Hong, I. McMichael, T. Y. Chang, W. Christian, E. G. Paek, “Volume holographic memory systems: techniques and architectures,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2193–2203 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pan, K.

Pauliat, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Pu, A.

Rakuljic, G. A.

Roosen, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, P. B.

Saffman, M.

Spiridon, A.

B. Lee, E. Yin, T. K. Gustafson, A. Spiridon, J. Watjen, “Non-degenerate wave coupling in a photorefractive crystal using a pulsed laser with an external synchronization technique,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’93, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1994), pp. 487–492.

Tschudi, T.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Watjen, J.

B. Lee, E. Yin, T. K. Gustafson, A. Spiridon, J. Watjen, “Non-degenerate wave coupling in a photorefractive crystal using a pulsed laser with an external synchronization technique,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’93, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1994), pp. 487–492.

Yariv, A.

Yin, E.

B. Lee, E. Yin, T. K. Gustafson, A. Spiridon, J. Watjen, “Non-degenerate wave coupling in a photorefractive crystal using a pulsed laser with an external synchronization technique,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’93, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1994), pp. 487–492.

Yu, F. T. S.

Zhao, D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. H. Kim, Y. H. Kang, B. Lee, “Recording of volume hologram using a beam pattern from tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1610–1612 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Hong, I. McMichael, T. Y. Chang, W. Christian, E. G. Paek, “Volume holographic memory systems: techniques and architectures,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2193–2203 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (3)

I. McMichael, W. Christian, J. Hong, T. Y. Chang, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Khoshnevisan, “Compact volume holographic memory system with rapid acousto-optic addressing,” paper presented at Astronomy ’94, Kona, Hi., March 1994 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 424–426.

B. Lee, E. Yin, T. K. Gustafson, A. Spiridon, J. Watjen, “Non-degenerate wave coupling in a photorefractive crystal using a pulsed laser with an external synchronization technique,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’93, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1994), pp. 487–492.

Y. H. Kang, “Volume holographic scheme using speckle patterns and its applications to holographic image storage system and optical interconnects,” Ph.D. dissertation (Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, August1997).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction intensity (normalized to its maximum) with respect to the angular deviation. Circles represent fiber speckle referencing, and crosses plane-wave referencing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Example speckle patterns from a multimode fiber obtained by means of mode scrambling: (a) speckle pattern 1 and (b) speckle pattern 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Images reconstructed from multiplexed holograms by shift- and speckle-multiplexing methods.

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