Abstract

New experimental results concerning real-time hologram recording in dichromated sensitized gelatin and polyvinyl alcohol are presented. Self-enhancement of the holographic gratings observed in the dark in both of these dye–polymer systems is shown.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Lelièvre, J. J. A. Couture, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol films used as a novel polarization real-time holographic recording material,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4384–4391 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol as a real-time hologram recording material: Some observations and discussions,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2172–2179 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol for real-time hologram recording: Effect of humidity,” Opt. Mater. 4, 477–485 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, “Cr(VI)- and Fe(III)-doped polymer systems as real-time holographic recording materials,” Opt. Eng. 32, 671–676 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. C. Newell, L. Solymar, A. A. Ward, “Holograms in dichromated gelatin: real-time effects,” Appl. Opt. 24, 4460–4466 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Caron, J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Real-time hologram reinforcement demonstrated by thionine/PVA photoreducible thin layers,” Appl. Opt. 29, 599–603 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Ozols, O. Salminen, M. Reinfelde, “Relaxational self-enhancement of holographic gratings in amorphous As2S3 films,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326–3334 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. J. Lougnot, P. Jost, L. Lavielle, “Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some basic ideas for modeling the kinetics of the recording process,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 225–245 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. J. Lougnot, C. Turck, “Photopolymers for holographic recording: III. Time modulated illumination and thermal post-effect,” Pure Appl. Opt. 1, 269–279 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Datta, B. R. Soller, “A study of photochemical reactions in a dichromated photoresist,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 23, 203–206 (1979).

1997

D. J. Lougnot, P. Jost, L. Lavielle, “Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some basic ideas for modeling the kinetics of the recording process,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 225–245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol for real-time hologram recording: Effect of humidity,” Opt. Mater. 4, 477–485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol as a real-time hologram recording material: Some observations and discussions,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2172–2179 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, M. Reinfelde, “Relaxational self-enhancement of holographic gratings in amorphous As2S3 films,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326–3334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, “Cr(VI)- and Fe(III)-doped polymer systems as real-time holographic recording materials,” Opt. Eng. 32, 671–676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

D. J. Lougnot, C. Turck, “Photopolymers for holographic recording: III. Time modulated illumination and thermal post-effect,” Pure Appl. Opt. 1, 269–279 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

1985

1979

P. Datta, B. R. Soller, “A study of photochemical reactions in a dichromated photoresist,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 23, 203–206 (1979).

Barikani, M.

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol for real-time hologram recording: Effect of humidity,” Opt. Mater. 4, 477–485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol as a real-time hologram recording material: Some observations and discussions,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2172–2179 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolte, M.

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Caron, S.

Changkakoti, R.

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, “Cr(VI)- and Fe(III)-doped polymer systems as real-time holographic recording materials,” Opt. Eng. 32, 671–676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Couture, J. J. A.

Datta, P.

P. Datta, B. R. Soller, “A study of photochemical reactions in a dichromated photoresist,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 23, 203–206 (1979).

Jost, P.

D. J. Lougnot, P. Jost, L. Lavielle, “Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some basic ideas for modeling the kinetics of the recording process,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 225–245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kavehrad, M.

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol as a real-time hologram recording material: Some observations and discussions,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2172–2179 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol for real-time hologram recording: Effect of humidity,” Opt. Mater. 4, 477–485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lavielle, L.

D. J. Lougnot, P. Jost, L. Lavielle, “Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some basic ideas for modeling the kinetics of the recording process,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 225–245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lelièvre, S.

Lessard, R. A.

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, “Cr(VI)- and Fe(III)-doped polymer systems as real-time holographic recording materials,” Opt. Eng. 32, 671–676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Caron, J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Real-time hologram reinforcement demonstrated by thionine/PVA photoreducible thin layers,” Appl. Opt. 29, 599–603 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lougnot, D. J.

D. J. Lougnot, P. Jost, L. Lavielle, “Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some basic ideas for modeling the kinetics of the recording process,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 225–245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lougnot, C. Turck, “Photopolymers for holographic recording: III. Time modulated illumination and thermal post-effect,” Pure Appl. Opt. 1, 269–279 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mailhot, G.

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Manivannan, G.

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, “Cr(VI)- and Fe(III)-doped polymer systems as real-time holographic recording materials,” Opt. Eng. 32, 671–676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Newell, J. C.

Ozols, A.

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, M. Reinfelde, “Relaxational self-enhancement of holographic gratings in amorphous As2S3 films,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326–3334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Reinfelde, M.

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, M. Reinfelde, “Relaxational self-enhancement of holographic gratings in amorphous As2S3 films,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326–3334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Salminen, O.

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, M. Reinfelde, “Relaxational self-enhancement of holographic gratings in amorphous As2S3 films,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326–3334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Simova, E.

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol for real-time hologram recording: Effect of humidity,” Opt. Mater. 4, 477–485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol as a real-time hologram recording material: Some observations and discussions,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2172–2179 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soller, B. R.

P. Datta, B. R. Soller, “A study of photochemical reactions in a dichromated photoresist,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 23, 203–206 (1979).

Solymar, L.

Turck, C.

D. J. Lougnot, C. Turck, “Photopolymers for holographic recording: III. Time modulated illumination and thermal post-effect,” Pure Appl. Opt. 1, 269–279 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ward, A. A.

Appl. Opt.

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, M. Reinfelde, “Relaxational self-enhancement of holographic gratings in amorphous As2S3 films,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326–3334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem.

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, G. Mailhot, M. Bolte, “Primary photoprocesses of Cr(VI) in real-time holographic recording material: dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol),” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7228–7233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

G. Manivannan, R. Changkakoti, R. A. Lessard, “Cr(VI)- and Fe(III)-doped polymer systems as real-time holographic recording materials,” Opt. Eng. 32, 671–676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater.

M. Barikani, E. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Dichromated polyvinyl alcohol for real-time hologram recording: Effect of humidity,” Opt. Mater. 4, 477–485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Photogr. Sci. Eng.

P. Datta, B. R. Soller, “A study of photochemical reactions in a dichromated photoresist,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 23, 203–206 (1979).

Pure Appl. Opt.

D. J. Lougnot, P. Jost, L. Lavielle, “Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some basic ideas for modeling the kinetics of the recording process,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 225–245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lougnot, C. Turck, “Photopolymers for holographic recording: III. Time modulated illumination and thermal post-effect,” Pure Appl. Opt. 1, 269–279 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: BS, beam splitter; LPSF, lens pinhold spatial filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency of the DCPVA grating as a function of exposure time during exposure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency during exposure and after exposure for DCPVA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency during exposure for DCG.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Diffraction efficiency after exposure for DCG.

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