Abstract

We applied a photoacoustic spectroscopy technique to isotope ratio measurements of 16O and 18O in water-vapor samples, using a pulsed tunable dye laser pumped by a Nd:YAG laser. The fourth overtone bands (4ν OH) of water molecules near 720 nm were investigated. We identified the absorption lines of H2 16O and H2 18O in the photoacoustic spectra that we measured by using an 18O-enriched water sample and the HITRAN database. We measured the difference in the 18O/16O isotope ratios for normal distilled water and Antarctic ice, using the photoacoustic method. The value obtained for the difference between the two samples is δ18O = -32 ± 16‰, where the indicated deviation was a 1σ value among 240-s measurements, whereas the value measured with a conventional isotope mass spectrometer was δ18O = -28 ± 2‰. This method is demonstrated to have the potential of a transportable system for in situ and quick measurements of the H2 18O/H2 16O ratio in the environment.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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1997

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

1992

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. Davidsson, J. H. Gutow, R. N. Zare, “Experimental improvements in recording gas-phase photoacoustic spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4069–4073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

J.-Y. Mandin, J.-P. Chevillard, C. Camy-Peyret, J.-M. Flaud, J. W. Brault, “The high-resolution spectrum of water vapor between 13 200 and 16 500 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 116, 167–190 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983

G. A. West, J. J. Barrett, D. R. Siebert, K. V. Reddy, “Photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 797–817 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1977

1964

W. Dansgaad, “Stable isotopes in precipitation,” Tellus 16, 436–438 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1963

H. Craig, “Isotopic variation in meteoric waters,” Science 133, 1702–1703 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, J. J.

G. A. West, J. J. Barrett, D. R. Siebert, K. V. Reddy, “Photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 797–817 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Berry, J. A.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J. W.

J.-Y. Mandin, J.-P. Chevillard, C. Camy-Peyret, J.-M. Flaud, J. W. Brault, “The high-resolution spectrum of water vapor between 13 200 and 16 500 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 116, 167–190 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Broecker, W. S.

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Mandin, J.-P. Chevillard, C. Camy-Peyret, J.-M. Flaud, J. W. Brault, “The high-resolution spectrum of water vapor between 13 200 and 16 500 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 116, 167–190 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chevillard, J.-P.

J.-Y. Mandin, J.-P. Chevillard, C. Camy-Peyret, J.-M. Flaud, J. W. Brault, “The high-resolution spectrum of water vapor between 13 200 and 16 500 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 116, 167–190 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ciais, P.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Claspy, P. C.

Collatz, G. J.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Craig, H.

H. Craig, “Isotopic variation in meteoric waters,” Science 133, 1702–1703 (1963).
[CrossRef]

H. Craig, L. Gordon, “Deuterium and oxygen 18 variation in the ocean and marine atmosphere,” in Stable Isotopes in Oceanographic Studies and Paleotemperatures, E. Tongiorgi, ed. (Consiliglio Nazionale della Richerche, Pisa, Italy, 1965), pp. 9–130.

Dansgaad, W.

W. Dansgaad, “Stable isotopes in precipitation,” Tellus 16, 436–438 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Davidsson, J.

J. Davidsson, J. H. Gutow, R. N. Zare, “Experimental improvements in recording gas-phase photoacoustic spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4069–4073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Denning, A. S.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fehér, M.

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Mandin, J.-P. Chevillard, C. Camy-Peyret, J.-M. Flaud, J. W. Brault, “The high-resolution spectrum of water vapor between 13 200 and 16 500 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 116, 167–190 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Francey, R. J.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gonfiantini, R.

R. Gonfiantini, “Determinations of the oxygen isotope composition of natural waters,” in Stable Isotope Hydrology, J. R. Gat, Gonfiantini, eds. (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1981).

Gordon, L.

H. Craig, L. Gordon, “Deuterium and oxygen 18 variation in the ocean and marine atmosphere,” in Stable Isotopes in Oceanographic Studies and Paleotemperatures, E. Tongiorgi, ed. (Consiliglio Nazionale della Richerche, Pisa, Italy, 1965), pp. 9–130.

Gutow, J. H.

J. Davidsson, J. H. Gutow, R. N. Zare, “Experimental improvements in recording gas-phase photoacoustic spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4069–4073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ha, C.

Heimann, M.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hoefs, J.

J. Hoefs, Stable Isotope Geochemistry, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1987).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Jouzel, J.

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Koster, R. D.

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Maier, J. P.

Mandin, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Mandin, J.-P. Chevillard, C. Camy-Peyret, J.-M. Flaud, J. W. Brault, “The high-resolution spectrum of water vapor between 13 200 and 16 500 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 116, 167–190 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meijer, H. A. J.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miklós, A.

Monfray, P.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pao, Y.-H.

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Randall, D. A.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, K. V.

G. A. West, J. J. Barrett, D. R. Siebert, K. V. Reddy, “Photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 797–817 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rosencwaig, A.

A. Rosencwaig, Photoacoustics and Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1980).

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Russel, G. L.

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sellers, P. J.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Siebert, D. R.

G. A. West, J. J. Barrett, D. R. Siebert, K. V. Reddy, “Photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 797–817 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Suozzo, R. J.

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tans, P. P.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tipping, R. H.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Troiler, M.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

West, G. A.

G. A. West, J. J. Barrett, D. R. Siebert, K. V. Reddy, “Photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 797–817 (1983).
[CrossRef]

White, J. W. C.

P. Ciais, A. S. Denning, P. P. Tans, J. A. Berry, D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, J. W. C. White, M. Troiler, H. A. J. Meijer, R. J. Francey, P. Monfray, M. Heimann, “A three-dimensional synthesis study of δ18O in atmospheric CO2. 1. Surface fluxes,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 5857–5872 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zare, R. N.

J. Davidsson, J. H. Gutow, R. N. Zare, “Experimental improvements in recording gas-phase photoacoustic spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4069–4073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Geophys. Res.

J. Jouzel, G. L. Russel, R. J. Suozzo, R. D. Koster, J. W. C. White, W. S. Broecker, “Simulations of the HDO and H218O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 14,739–14,760 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup used in this study.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Upper panel, intensities of the 4ν OH absorption lines of H2 16O and H2 18O in the gas phase. Taken from the HITRAN database.16 The absorption lines of H2 18O are marked with an open circle at the top of each line and magnified by 100 times for clarity. The units of the vertical scale are 1 × 1023 cm-1/(molecules cm-2). Middle panel, photoacoustic spectrum observed with the H2 18O-enriched water sample. The partial pressure of the water was ∼1 Torr. The total pressure in the cell was 100 Torr with a dry-air buffer gas. The isotope ratio of [H2 18O]/[H2 16O] in the sample was ∼1.0. Bottom panel, photoacoustic spectrum of the natural water sample, [H2 18O]/[H2 16O] ≈ 0.002. The partial pressure of the water was 10 Torr, and the total pressure was 100 Torr.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Detailed photoacoustic spectra of natural and H2 18O-enriched water samples for region a in Fig. 2. Asterisks, H2 18O lines.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Detailed photoacoustic spectra of natural and H2 18O-enriched water samples for region b in Fig. 2. Asterisks, H2 18O lines.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical photoacoustic spectrum taken in 240 s for the Antarctic water sample. The assignments of Peak 1 (H2 16O) and Peak 2 (H2 18O) are listed in Table 1. The smooth curve is the best-fitted curve with the Voigt profile function.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Water-Vapor Absorption Lines and Assignments Near 13 865 cm-1

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