Abstract

In the Etude d’un LaSer Accordable, electron bunches consist of trains of picosecond pulses extracted from a photocathode by a drive laser system: This system consists of a mode-locked Nd:YAG oscillator followed by a pulse compressor, an amplifier chain, and a second-harmonic-generation stage. The performance of the linac critically depends on the energy stability of this system. It is demonstrated theoretically and experimentally that the energy fluctuations of the Nd:YAG oscillator are significantly reduced by the amplifier chain, that the remaining energy fluctuations of the whole system are mainly due to amplifier pump fluctuations, and that the amplifier chain can be optimized to reduce the global energy fluctuations from 1.5% rms to <1% rms.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Le Flanchec, J.-P. Blésès, S. Striby, J.-P. Laget, “Stabilization system of a photoinjector drive laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8541–8546 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1997 (2)

1993 (1)

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

J. Early, J. Barton, R. Wenzel, D. Remelius, G. Busch, “The Los Alamos FEL photoinjector drive laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2644–2649 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

1966 (2)

P. V. Avizonis, R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Avizonis, W. R. Willoughby, “Studies of ruby superfluorescence and population inversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 682–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965 (2)

E. L. Steele, W. C. Davis, “Laser amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 348–351 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fleck, “Effective fluorescent lifetimes in ruby laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1301–1306 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964 (2)

L. Tonks, “Photon avalanches from a population inversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1134–1141 (1964).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Sooy, R. S. Congleton, B. E. Dobratz, W. K. NG, “Dynamic limitations on the attainable inversion in ruby lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103–1112 (1964).

1963 (2)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

R. Bellman, G. Birnbaum, W. G. Wagner, “Transmission of monochromatic radiation in a two-level material,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 780–782 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Avizonis, P. V.

P. V. Avizonis, W. R. Willoughby, “Studies of ruby superfluorescence and population inversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 682–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Avizonis, R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Balleyguier, P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J.

J. Early, J. Barton, R. Wenzel, D. Remelius, G. Busch, “The Los Alamos FEL photoinjector drive laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2644–2649 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bellman, R.

R. Bellman, G. Birnbaum, W. G. Wagner, “Transmission of monochromatic radiation in a two-level material,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 780–782 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Beuve, M. A.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Binet, A.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, G.

R. Bellman, G. Birnbaum, W. G. Wagner, “Transmission of monochromatic radiation in a two-level material,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 780–782 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Bisero, D.

Blésès, J.-P.

V. Le Flanchec, J.-P. Blésès, S. Striby, J.-P. Laget, “Stabilization system of a photoinjector drive laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8541–8546 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bois, R.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bonetti, C.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brünger, R.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Busch, G.

J. Early, J. Barton, R. Wenzel, D. Remelius, G. Busch, “The Los Alamos FEL photoinjector drive laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2644–2649 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. P.

Congleton, R. S.

W. R. Sooy, R. S. Congleton, B. E. Dobratz, W. K. NG, “Dynamic limitations on the attainable inversion in ruby lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103–1112 (1964).

Couillaud, C.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Davis, W. C.

E. L. Steele, W. C. Davis, “Laser amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 348–351 (1965).
[CrossRef]

de Brion, J.-P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dei-Cas, R.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L. G.

Dobratz, B. E.

W. R. Sooy, R. S. Congleton, B. E. Dobratz, W. K. NG, “Dynamic limitations on the attainable inversion in ruby lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103–1112 (1964).

Early, J.

J. Early, J. Barton, R. Wenzel, D. Remelius, G. Busch, “The Los Alamos FEL photoinjector drive laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2644–2649 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ernst, G. J.

Fleck, J. A.

J. A. Fleck, “Effective fluorescent lifetimes in ruby laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1301–1306 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Fourdin, P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Frehaut, J.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grotbeck, R. L.

P. V. Avizonis, R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Guilloud, M.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guimbal, Ph.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haouat, G.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Ch.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Iracane, D.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Joly, R.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Joly, S.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laget, J.-P.

V. Le Flanchec, J.-P. Blésès, S. Striby, J.-P. Laget, “Stabilization system of a photoinjector drive laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8541–8546 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laspalles, C.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Le Flanchec, V.

Marmouget, J. G.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Merkle, L.

H. R. Verdun, L. Merkle, “Evidence of excited-state absorption of pump radiation in the Cr:Forsterite laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 35–40.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

NG, W. K.

W. R. Sooy, R. S. Congleton, B. E. Dobratz, W. K. NG, “Dynamic limitations on the attainable inversion in ruby lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103–1112 (1964).

Nodvik, J. S.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Pranal, Y.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raimbourg, J.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Remelius, D.

J. Early, J. Barton, R. Wenzel, D. Remelius, G. Busch, “The Los Alamos FEL photoinjector drive laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2644–2649 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sabary, F.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schumann, F.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sooy, W. R.

W. R. Sooy, R. S. Congleton, B. E. Dobratz, W. K. NG, “Dynamic limitations on the attainable inversion in ruby lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103–1112 (1964).

Steele, E. L.

E. L. Steele, W. C. Davis, “Laser amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 348–351 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Striby, S.

V. Le Flanchec, J.-P. Blésès, S. Striby, J.-P. Laget, “Stabilization system of a photoinjector drive laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8541–8546 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tonks, L.

L. Tonks, “Photon avalanches from a population inversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1134–1141 (1964).
[CrossRef]

van Oerle, B. M.

Verdun, H. R.

H. R. Verdun, L. Merkle, “Evidence of excited-state absorption of pump radiation in the Cr:Forsterite laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 35–40.

Verschuur, J. W. J.

Vouillarmet, J.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, W. G.

R. Bellman, G. Birnbaum, W. G. Wagner, “Transmission of monochromatic radiation in a two-level material,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 780–782 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, R.

J. Early, J. Barton, R. Wenzel, D. Remelius, G. Busch, “The Los Alamos FEL photoinjector drive laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2644–2649 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Willoughby, W. R.

P. V. Avizonis, W. R. Willoughby, “Studies of ruby superfluorescence and population inversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 682–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Witteman, W. J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Early, J. Barton, R. Wenzel, D. Remelius, G. Busch, “The Los Alamos FEL photoinjector drive laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2644–2649 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

R. Bellman, G. Birnbaum, W. G. Wagner, “Transmission of monochromatic radiation in a two-level material,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 780–782 (1963).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Avizonis, W. R. Willoughby, “Studies of ruby superfluorescence and population inversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 682–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

J. A. Fleck, “Effective fluorescent lifetimes in ruby laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1301–1306 (1965).
[CrossRef]

L. Tonks, “Photon avalanches from a population inversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1134–1141 (1964).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Steele, W. C. Davis, “Laser amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 348–351 (1965).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Avizonis, R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nucl. Instrum. Methods A (1)

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J.-P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J.-P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J.-P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. R. Sooy, R. S. Congleton, B. E. Dobratz, W. K. NG, “Dynamic limitations on the attainable inversion in ruby lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103–1112 (1964).

Other (1)

H. R. Verdun, L. Merkle, “Evidence of excited-state absorption of pump radiation in the Cr:Forsterite laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 35–40.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photoinjector drive laser of the ELSA linac.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical macropulse shape and associated flash waveforms.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplification of a continuous-pulse train by one amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effect of the saturation of the excited-level depletion and of the ASE on the macropulse shape.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Relative macropulse level versus relative input level (beam diameter, 1.5 mm).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Flash-level influence on the amplifier-chain output (DSS′ configuration; flash S, 1.6 kV; beam diameter, 1.5 mm).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Macropulse shape and associated flash D waveform (flash S voltage, 1.2 kV).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Macropulse level versus flash trigger shift (DSS′ configuration).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Macropulse level versus input level for different beam diameters (simulation; DSS′ configuration; flash S voltage, 1.6 kV).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Amplifier-chain configurations.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Macropulse level versus input level for different configurations (experimental results).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Macropulse level versus flash level for different configurations (flash S, 1.6 kV).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Macropulse level versus flash trigger shift for different configurations (flash S, 1.6 kV).

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Macropulse-Level Variation for a 5% Decrease of One Flash Levela

Tables Icon

Table 2 Macropulse-Level Variation for a 5-μs Time Shift of One Flash Triggera

Tables Icon

Table 3 Response to a 30% Decrease of the Input Level for Different Configurationsa

Tables Icon

Table 4 Response to a 5% Decrease of the Flash Level for Different Configurationsa

Tables Icon

Table 5 Effect of a 5-μs Delay of the Flash Trigger for Different Configurationsa

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E s = h ν / γ σ ,
G = E s / E in ln 1 + exp E in / E s - 1 G 0 .
G = G 0 .
G = 1 + E s / E in g 0 l .
dn = dn - E / Vh ν .

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