Abstract

We report reliability-test results of transmission-type holographic optical elements (HOE’s) made with the DuPont photopolymer HRF-600. The reliability tests performed include 6000 cycles of liquid-to-liquid thermal-shock cycling (-55 °C–125 °C), 2200 cycles of air-to-air thermal cycling (-55 °C–125 °C), 1500 h of humidity testing (85 °C and a relative humidity of 85%), and 675 h of burn-in testing at 125 °C. A total of 210 holograms was tested, with 532 data points collected for diffraction-efficiency measurements. The results show that the average efficiency change after these tests is in the range of -4% to 0% and the standard deviation is only ∼10%.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. H. Yeh, R. K. Kostuk, K. Y. Tu, “Board level H-tree optical clock distribution with substrate mode holograms,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1566–1578 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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1997 (1)

M. Wenyon, W. Molteni, P. Ralli, “White holographic reflectors for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 28, 691 (1997).

1996 (2)

1995 (3)

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

Armstrong, M.

D. Tipton, M. Armstrong, S. Stevenson, “Improved process of reflection holography replication and heat processing,” in Holographic Materials VIII, S. T. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 172–183 (1994).

Chen, A.

A. Chen, Q. Gao, R. Fan, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “Color holography for reflective liquid crystal display,” paper presented at the Fourth Display Technology Symposium and Imaging Seminar ’72–’76, Tempe, Ariz., 14–17 October 1997.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Chen, R. T.

Cheng, C. S.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Duzick, T.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).

Fan, R.

A. Chen, Q. Gao, R. Fan, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “Color holography for reflective liquid crystal display,” paper presented at the Fourth Display Technology Symposium and Imaging Seminar ’72–’76, Tempe, Ariz., 14–17 October 1997.

Gambogi, W.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).

Gambogi, W. J.

W. J. Gambogi, W. K. Smothers, K. W. Steijn, S. H. Stevenson, A. M. Weber, “Color holography using DuPont holographic recording films,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE2405, 62–73 (1995).

Gao, Q.

A. Chen, Q. Gao, R. Fan, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “Color holography for reflective liquid crystal display,” paper presented at the Fourth Display Technology Symposium and Imaging Seminar ’72–’76, Tempe, Ariz., 14–17 October 1997.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Hamzavy, B.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).

Harton, A.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

A. Chen, Q. Gao, R. Fan, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “Color holography for reflective liquid crystal display,” paper presented at the Fourth Display Technology Symposium and Imaging Seminar ’72–’76, Tempe, Ariz., 14–17 October 1997.

Huang, T.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Jannson, T.

Kelly, J.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).

Keys, D. E.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 20–29 (1990).

Kostuk, R. K.

Mackara, S.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).

Mathur, A.

Mickish, D. J.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Somthers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in Dupont’s new photopolymer material,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 30–39 (1990).

Molteni, W.

M. Wenyon, W. Molteni, P. Ralli, “White holographic reflectors for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 28, 691 (1997).

Monroe, B. M.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 20–29 (1990).

Morozov, V.

Naik, G. M.

Neff, J.

Pappu, S. V.

Qin, S.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Ralli, P.

M. Wenyon, W. Molteni, P. Ralli, “White holographic reflectors for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 28, 691 (1997).

Redmond, I. R.

R. Taghizadeh, I. R. Redmond, B. Robertson, A. C. Walker, S. D. Smith, “High-efficiency holographic optical elements for all-optical digital computing,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, G. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 265–274 (1989).

Robertson, B.

R. Taghizadeh, I. R. Redmond, B. Robertson, A. C. Walker, S. D. Smith, “High-efficiency holographic optical elements for all-optical digital computing,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, G. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 265–274 (1989).

Smith, S. D.

R. Taghizadeh, I. R. Redmond, B. Robertson, A. C. Walker, S. D. Smith, “High-efficiency holographic optical elements for all-optical digital computing,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, G. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 265–274 (1989).

Smothers, W. K.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 20–29 (1990).

W. J. Gambogi, W. K. Smothers, K. W. Steijn, S. H. Stevenson, A. M. Weber, “Color holography using DuPont holographic recording films,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE2405, 62–73 (1995).

Somthers, W. K.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Somthers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in Dupont’s new photopolymer material,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 30–39 (1990).

Sonek, G. J.

Steijn, K.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).

Steijn, K. W.

W. J. Gambogi, W. K. Smothers, K. W. Steijn, S. H. Stevenson, A. M. Weber, “Color holography using DuPont holographic recording films,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE2405, 62–73 (1995).

Stevenson, S.

D. Tipton, M. Armstrong, S. Stevenson, “Improved process of reflection holography replication and heat processing,” in Holographic Materials VIII, S. T. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 172–183 (1994).

Stevenson, S. H.

W. J. Gambogi, W. K. Smothers, K. W. Steijn, S. H. Stevenson, A. M. Weber, “Color holography using DuPont holographic recording films,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE2405, 62–73 (1995).

Taghizadeh, R.

R. Taghizadeh, I. R. Redmond, B. Robertson, A. C. Walker, S. D. Smith, “High-efficiency holographic optical elements for all-optical digital computing,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, G. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 265–274 (1989).

Tipton, D.

D. Tipton, M. Armstrong, S. Stevenson, “Improved process of reflection holography replication and heat processing,” in Holographic Materials VIII, S. T. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 172–183 (1994).

Tipton, D. F.

D. F. Tipton, “New hologram replicator for volume holograms and holographic optical elements,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 136–144 (1998).

Trout, T. J.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Somthers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in Dupont’s new photopolymer material,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 30–39 (1990).

Tu, K. Y.

J. H. Yeh, R. K. Kostuk, K. Y. Tu, “A hybrid free-space optical bus system for board-to-board interconnections,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6354–6364 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Yeh, R. K. Kostuk, K. Y. Tu, “Board level H-tree optical clock distribution with substrate mode holograms,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1566–1578 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walker, A. C.

R. Taghizadeh, I. R. Redmond, B. Robertson, A. C. Walker, S. D. Smith, “High-efficiency holographic optical elements for all-optical digital computing,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, G. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 265–274 (1989).

Wang, M. R.

Weber, A. M.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 20–29 (1990).

A. M. Weber, W. K. Somthers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in Dupont’s new photopolymer material,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 30–39 (1990).

W. J. Gambogi, W. K. Smothers, K. W. Steijn, S. H. Stevenson, A. M. Weber, “Color holography using DuPont holographic recording films,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE2405, 62–73 (1995).

Wenyon, M.

M. Wenyon, W. Molteni, P. Ralli, “White holographic reflectors for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 28, 691 (1997).

Wu, S. X.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Wyatt, K.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

A. Chen, Q. Gao, R. Fan, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “Color holography for reflective liquid crystal display,” paper presented at the Fourth Display Technology Symposium and Imaging Seminar ’72–’76, Tempe, Ariz., 14–17 October 1997.

Yeh, C. P.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Yeh, J. H.

Yeh, J.-H.

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

Zhou, H. J.

Appl. Opt. (5)

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. H. Yeh, R. K. Kostuk, K. Y. Tu, “Board level H-tree optical clock distribution with substrate mode holograms,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1566–1578 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Displ. (1)

M. Wenyon, W. Molteni, P. Ralli, “White holographic reflectors for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 28, 691 (1997).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (9)

S. X. Wu, C. S. Cheng, T. Huang, S. Qin, J.-H. Yeh, Q. Gao, A. Chen, C. P. Yeh, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “An experimental study on mechanical, thermomechanical, and opto-mechanical behaviors of holographic materials,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 145–151 (1998).

R. Taghizadeh, I. R. Redmond, B. Robertson, A. C. Walker, S. D. Smith, “High-efficiency holographic optical elements for all-optical digital computing,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, G. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 265–274 (1989).

D. Tipton, M. Armstrong, S. Stevenson, “Improved process of reflection holography replication and heat processing,” in Holographic Materials VIII, S. T. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 172–183 (1994).

D. F. Tipton, “New hologram replicator for volume holograms and holographic optical elements,” in Holographic Materials IV, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3294, 136–144 (1998).

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).

A. M. Weber, W. K. Somthers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in Dupont’s new photopolymer material,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 30–39 (1990).

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1212, 20–29 (1990).

W. J. Gambogi, W. K. Smothers, K. W. Steijn, S. H. Stevenson, A. M. Weber, “Color holography using DuPont holographic recording films,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE2405, 62–73 (1995).

A. Chen, Q. Gao, R. Fan, A. Harton, K. Wyatt, “Color holography for reflective liquid crystal display,” paper presented at the Fourth Display Technology Symposium and Imaging Seminar ’72–’76, Tempe, Ariz., 14–17 October 1997.

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