Abstract

We report the linear polarized light-induced anisotropic grains in azo-dye-colored gelatin films. The optical axes of the grains (fast or slow) are directed along the polarization vector of the exciting light.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Kondo, “Über den Photoanisotropen Effect (Weigerteffect) an Farbenstoffen. I,” Z. Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. 31, 153–167 (1932).
  2. A. Teitel, “Über eine besondere mechanische Wirkung des polarisierten Lichts,” Naturwissenschaften 44, 370–371 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Makushenco, B. S. Neporent, O. A. Stolbova, “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of aromatic azo compounds. I,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 557–564 (1971); “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of complex organic compounds in viscous solutions. II,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 741–748 (1971).
  4. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, “Polarization holography. 1: a new high-efficiency organic material with reversible photo-induced birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4309–4312 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Calixto, R. A. Lessard, “Real-time polarizing optical image processing with dyed plastic,” Appl. Opt. 24, 773–776 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, “Light-induced anisotropy in azo-dye-colored materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 446–447 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. C. Albrecht, “Photo-orientation,” J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1413–1414 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. D. Ebralidze, “On formation of given distribution of a light field,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (Russia) 52, 1865–1867 (1982).
  9. T. D. Ebralidze, N. A. Ebralidze, “Hologram record by means of film anisotropy photoinduction,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4720–4724 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. D. Ebralidze, “Weigert hologram,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1357–1362 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, T. V. Kalandarishvili, “The reversible Weigert’s effect,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 58, 657–658 (1985).
  12. M. N. Inscoe, J. H. Gould, W. R. Brode, “The relation between the absorption spectra and the chemical constitution of dyes. XXX. Photoisomerization of azo dyes in aqueous solution,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 5634–5637 (1959).
    [CrossRef]

1995

1992

1990

1985

S. Calixto, R. A. Lessard, “Real-time polarizing optical image processing with dyed plastic,” Appl. Opt. 24, 773–776 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, T. V. Kalandarishvili, “The reversible Weigert’s effect,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 58, 657–658 (1985).

1984

1982

T. D. Ebralidze, “On formation of given distribution of a light field,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (Russia) 52, 1865–1867 (1982).

1971

A. M. Makushenco, B. S. Neporent, O. A. Stolbova, “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of aromatic azo compounds. I,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 557–564 (1971); “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of complex organic compounds in viscous solutions. II,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 741–748 (1971).

1959

M. N. Inscoe, J. H. Gould, W. R. Brode, “The relation between the absorption spectra and the chemical constitution of dyes. XXX. Photoisomerization of azo dyes in aqueous solution,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 5634–5637 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1957

A. C. Albrecht, “Photo-orientation,” J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1413–1414 (1957).
[CrossRef]

A. Teitel, “Über eine besondere mechanische Wirkung des polarisierten Lichts,” Naturwissenschaften 44, 370–371 (1957).
[CrossRef]

1932

T. Kondo, “Über den Photoanisotropen Effect (Weigerteffect) an Farbenstoffen. I,” Z. Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. 31, 153–167 (1932).

Albrecht, A. C.

A. C. Albrecht, “Photo-orientation,” J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1413–1414 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Brode, W. R.

M. N. Inscoe, J. H. Gould, W. R. Brode, “The relation between the absorption spectra and the chemical constitution of dyes. XXX. Photoisomerization of azo dyes in aqueous solution,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 5634–5637 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Calixto, S.

Ebralidze, N. A.

Ebralidze, T. D.

T. D. Ebralidze, “Weigert hologram,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1357–1362 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Ebralidze, N. A. Ebralidze, “Hologram record by means of film anisotropy photoinduction,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4720–4724 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, “Light-induced anisotropy in azo-dye-colored materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 446–447 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, T. V. Kalandarishvili, “The reversible Weigert’s effect,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 58, 657–658 (1985).

T. D. Ebralidze, “On formation of given distribution of a light field,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (Russia) 52, 1865–1867 (1982).

Gould, J. H.

M. N. Inscoe, J. H. Gould, W. R. Brode, “The relation between the absorption spectra and the chemical constitution of dyes. XXX. Photoisomerization of azo dyes in aqueous solution,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 5634–5637 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Inscoe, M. N.

M. N. Inscoe, J. H. Gould, W. R. Brode, “The relation between the absorption spectra and the chemical constitution of dyes. XXX. Photoisomerization of azo dyes in aqueous solution,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 5634–5637 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Kalandarishvili, T. V.

T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, T. V. Kalandarishvili, “The reversible Weigert’s effect,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 58, 657–658 (1985).

Kondo, T.

T. Kondo, “Über den Photoanisotropen Effect (Weigerteffect) an Farbenstoffen. I,” Z. Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. 31, 153–167 (1932).

Lessard, R. A.

Makushenco, A. M.

A. M. Makushenco, B. S. Neporent, O. A. Stolbova, “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of aromatic azo compounds. I,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 557–564 (1971); “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of complex organic compounds in viscous solutions. II,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 741–748 (1971).

Mumladze, A. N.

T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, “Light-induced anisotropy in azo-dye-colored materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 446–447 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, T. V. Kalandarishvili, “The reversible Weigert’s effect,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 58, 657–658 (1985).

Neporent, B. S.

A. M. Makushenco, B. S. Neporent, O. A. Stolbova, “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of aromatic azo compounds. I,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 557–564 (1971); “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of complex organic compounds in viscous solutions. II,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 741–748 (1971).

Nikolova, L.

Stolbova, O. A.

A. M. Makushenco, B. S. Neporent, O. A. Stolbova, “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of aromatic azo compounds. I,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 557–564 (1971); “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of complex organic compounds in viscous solutions. II,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 741–748 (1971).

Teitel, A.

A. Teitel, “Über eine besondere mechanische Wirkung des polarisierten Lichts,” Naturwissenschaften 44, 370–371 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Appl. Opt.

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

M. N. Inscoe, J. H. Gould, W. R. Brode, “The relation between the absorption spectra and the chemical constitution of dyes. XXX. Photoisomerization of azo dyes in aqueous solution,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 5634–5637 (1959).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

A. C. Albrecht, “Photo-orientation,” J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1413–1414 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Naturwissenschaften

A. Teitel, “Über eine besondere mechanische Wirkung des polarisierten Lichts,” Naturwissenschaften 44, 370–371 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia)

A. M. Makushenco, B. S. Neporent, O. A. Stolbova, “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of aromatic azo compounds. I,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 557–564 (1971); “Reversible orientational photodichroism and photoisomerization of complex organic compounds in viscous solutions. II,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 31, 741–748 (1971).

T. D. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, T. V. Kalandarishvili, “The reversible Weigert’s effect,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 58, 657–658 (1985).

Z. Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem.

T. Kondo, “Über den Photoanisotropen Effect (Weigerteffect) an Farbenstoffen. I,” Z. Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. 31, 153–167 (1932).

Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (Russia)

T. D. Ebralidze, “On formation of given distribution of a light field,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (Russia) 52, 1865–1867 (1982).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Picture of light-induced anisotropic grains (magnification 320×).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Picture of grains induced by two differently polarized beams of light (magnification 126×). (b) and (c) Pictures of grains induced by separate polarized beams of light (magnification 126×).

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