Abstract

We examine the possibility of using two- and three-phase systems suitable as standards for which the ellipsometric parameter Ψ remains insensitive to variations in the angle of incidence. These standards avoid propagation of errors in the angle of incidence with respect to the measured standard Ψ value. Different materials (dielectrics, metals, and semiconductors), adequate for the above purpose, are considered in different structure combinations, and their optical response are analyzed.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977).
  2. T. Yasuda, D. E. Aspnes, “Optical-standard surfaces of single-crystal silicon for calibrating ellipsometers and reflectometers,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7435–7438 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. P. Arndt, R. M. A. Azzam, J. M. Bennett, J. P. Borgongo, C. K. Carniglia, W. E. Case, J. A. Dobrowolski, U. J. Gibson, T. Tuttle Hart, F. C. Ho, V. A. Hodgkin, W. P. Klapp, H. A. Macleod, E. Pelletier, M. K. Parvis, D. M. Quinn, D. H. Strome, R. Swenson, P. A. Temple, T. F. Thonn, “Multiple determination of the optical constants of thin film coating materials,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3571–3596 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.
  6. Standard Reference Material 2530 Series, available from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md. 20899.
  7. S. S. So, W. H. Knausenberger, K. Vedam, “Importance of the accuracy of setting the angle of incidence in ellipsometric measurements on surfaces immersed in liquids,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 124–126 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Zeidler, R. B. Kochles, N. M. Bashara, “Sensitivity of ellipsometric parameters to angle-of-incidence variations,” Appl. Opt. 13, 8, 1938–1945 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. I. Psenicin, M. I. Abaev, N. Y. Lizlov, Ellipsometry in Physicochemical Investigations (Chimia, Leningrad, 1986) (in Russian).
  10. S. Y. Kim, K. Vedam, “Analytic solution of the pseudo-Brewster angle,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1772–1773 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. J. Dell’oca, “Properties and anodization of evaporated aluminum films studied by ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 26, 371–380 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Rjanov, Principles of Ellipsometry (Nauka, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, Russia1979) (in Russian).
  13. I. Ohlidal, F. Lukes, “Analysis of semiconductor surfaces with very thin native oxide layers by combined immersion and multiple angle of incidence ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 35, 259–273 (1988–89).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Lukes, “Ellipsometry of silicon with natural surface film at 632.8 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 223–230 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Lukes, “Temperature dependence of ellipsometric parameters of silicon,” Phys. Status Solidi A 102, 803–814 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Beaglehole, “Isoellipsometric-parameter curves for layers on silicon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 2, 311–313 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constant of Solids (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985), p. 107.
  19. D. Aspnes, A. Studna, “Dielectric functions and optical parameters of Si, Ge, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, and InSb from 1.5 to 6.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 985–1009 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Tonova, M. Depas, J. Vanhellemont, “Interpretation of spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements of ultrathin dielectric layers on silicon: impact of accuracy of the silicon optical constants,” Thin Solid Films 288, 64–68 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. van der Meulen, N. C. Hien, “Design and operation of an automated, high-temperature ellipsometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 804–811 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Jellison, D. H. Lowndes, “Time-resolved ellipsometry,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2948–2955 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

D. Tonova, M. Depas, J. Vanhellemont, “Interpretation of spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements of ultrathin dielectric layers on silicon: impact of accuracy of the silicon optical constants,” Thin Solid Films 288, 64–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasuda, D. E. Aspnes, “Optical-standard surfaces of single-crystal silicon for calibrating ellipsometers and reflectometers,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7435–7438 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Beaglehole, “Isoellipsometric-parameter curves for layers on silicon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 2, 311–313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

F. Lukes, “Temperature dependence of ellipsometric parameters of silicon,” Phys. Status Solidi A 102, 803–814 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

F. Lukes, “Ellipsometry of silicon with natural surface film at 632.8 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 223–230 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Kim, K. Vedam, “Analytic solution of the pseudo-Brewster angle,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1772–1773 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

D. Aspnes, A. Studna, “Dielectric functions and optical parameters of Si, Ge, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, and InSb from 1.5 to 6.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 985–1009 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

C. J. Dell’oca, “Properties and anodization of evaporated aluminum films studied by ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 26, 371–380 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

J. R. Zeidler, R. B. Kochles, N. M. Bashara, “Sensitivity of ellipsometric parameters to angle-of-incidence variations,” Appl. Opt. 13, 8, 1938–1945 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. van der Meulen, N. C. Hien, “Design and operation of an automated, high-temperature ellipsometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 804–811 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

Abaev, M. I.

V. I. Psenicin, M. I. Abaev, N. Y. Lizlov, Ellipsometry in Physicochemical Investigations (Chimia, Leningrad, 1986) (in Russian).

Argirov, Tz.

S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Armigliato, A.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arndt, D. P.

Aspnes, D.

D. Aspnes, A. Studna, “Dielectric functions and optical parameters of Si, Ge, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, and InSb from 1.5 to 6.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 985–1009 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Aspnes, D. E.

Azzam, R. M. A.

Bashara, N. M.

J. R. Zeidler, R. B. Kochles, N. M. Bashara, “Sensitivity of ellipsometric parameters to angle-of-incidence variations,” Appl. Opt. 13, 8, 1938–1945 (1974).
[CrossRef]

R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977).

Beaglehole, D.

D. Beaglehole, “Isoellipsometric-parameter curves for layers on silicon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 2, 311–313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Belzer, B. J.

G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.

Bennett, J. M.

Borgongo, J. P.

Candela, G. A.

G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.

Carniglia, C. K.

Case, W. E.

Cerva, H.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chandler-Horowitz, D.

G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.

Croarkin, M. C.

G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.

Cullis, A.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Sande, J.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dell’oca, C. J.

C. J. Dell’oca, “Properties and anodization of evaporated aluminum films studied by ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 26, 371–380 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Depas, M.

D. Tonova, M. Depas, J. Vanhellemont, “Interpretation of spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements of ultrathin dielectric layers on silicon: impact of accuracy of the silicon optical constants,” Thin Solid Films 288, 64–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dinges, H.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Gibson, U. J.

Hallais, J.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hart, T. Tuttle

Hien, N. C.

Ho, F. C.

Hodgkin, V. A.

Jellison, P.

Kim, S. Y.

Klapp, W. P.

Knausenberger, W. H.

Kochles, R. B.

J. R. Zeidler, R. B. Kochles, N. M. Bashara, “Sensitivity of ellipsometric parameters to angle-of-incidence variations,” Appl. Opt. 13, 8, 1938–1945 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Lizlov, N. Y.

V. I. Psenicin, M. I. Abaev, N. Y. Lizlov, Ellipsometry in Physicochemical Investigations (Chimia, Leningrad, 1986) (in Russian).

Lowndes, D. H.

Lukes, F.

I. Ohlidal, F. Lukes, “Analysis of semiconductor surfaces with very thin native oxide layers by combined immersion and multiple angle of incidence ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 35, 259–273 (1988–89).
[CrossRef]

F. Lukes, “Temperature dependence of ellipsometric parameters of silicon,” Phys. Status Solidi A 102, 803–814 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. Lukes, “Ellipsometry of silicon with natural surface film at 632.8 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 223–230 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lutov, L.

S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Macleod, H. A.

Maes, H. E.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marchiando, J. F.

G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.

Nayar, V.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, D. B.

G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.

Ohlidal, I.

I. Ohlidal, F. Lukes, “Analysis of semiconductor surfaces with very thin native oxide layers by combined immersion and multiple angle of incidence ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 35, 259–273 (1988–89).
[CrossRef]

Parvis, M. K.

Pelletier, E.

Pickering, C.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Psenicin, V. I.

V. I. Psenicin, M. I. Abaev, N. Y. Lizlov, Ellipsometry in Physicochemical Investigations (Chimia, Leningrad, 1986) (in Russian).

Quinn, D. M.

Rjanov, A. V.

A. V. Rjanov, Principles of Ellipsometry (Nauka, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, Russia1979) (in Russian).

Russev, S. C.

S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Salieri, P.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schaekers, M.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

So, S. S.

Stehle, J. L.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Strome, D. H.

Studna, A.

D. Aspnes, A. Studna, “Dielectric functions and optical parameters of Si, Ge, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, and InSb from 1.5 to 6.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 985–1009 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Swenson, R.

Temple, P. A.

Thonn, T. F.

Tonova, D.

D. Tonova, M. Depas, J. Vanhellemont, “Interpretation of spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements of ultrathin dielectric layers on silicon: impact of accuracy of the silicon optical constants,” Thin Solid Films 288, 64–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van der Meulen, J.

Van Landuyt, J.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vanhellemont, J.

D. Tonova, M. Depas, J. Vanhellemont, “Interpretation of spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements of ultrathin dielectric layers on silicon: impact of accuracy of the silicon optical constants,” Thin Solid Films 288, 64–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vassilev, L.

S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vedam, K.

Vulchev, V.

S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Walker, C.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Werner, H.

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yasuda, T.

Zeidler, J. R.

J. R. Zeidler, R. B. Kochles, N. M. Bashara, “Sensitivity of ellipsometric parameters to angle-of-incidence variations,” Appl. Opt. 13, 8, 1938–1945 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Surf. Sci. (2)

J. Vanhellemont, H. E. Maes, M. Schaekers, A. Armigliato, H. Cerva, A. Cullis, J. de Sande, H. Dinges, J. Hallais, V. Nayar, C. Pickering, J. L. Stehle, J. Van Landuyt, C. Walker, H. Werner, P. Salieri, “Round robin investigations of silicon oxide on silicon reference materials for ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 63, 45–51 (1993).
[CrossRef]

I. Ohlidal, F. Lukes, “Analysis of semiconductor surfaces with very thin native oxide layers by combined immersion and multiple angle of incidence ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 35, 259–273 (1988–89).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

D. Beaglehole, “Isoellipsometric-parameter curves for layers on silicon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 2, 311–313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Kim, K. Vedam, “Analytic solution of the pseudo-Brewster angle,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1772–1773 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

S. C. Russev, L. Vassilev, V. Vulchev, L. Lutov, Tz. Argirov, “Growth of thin Ag2S films on silver layers: in situ ellipsometric and conductivity studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6237–6244 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

D. Aspnes, A. Studna, “Dielectric functions and optical parameters of Si, Ge, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, and InSb from 1.5 to 6.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 985–1009 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (2)

F. Lukes, “Ellipsometry of silicon with natural surface film at 632.8 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 223–230 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. Lukes, “Temperature dependence of ellipsometric parameters of silicon,” Phys. Status Solidi A 102, 803–814 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (2)

D. Tonova, M. Depas, J. Vanhellemont, “Interpretation of spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements of ultrathin dielectric layers on silicon: impact of accuracy of the silicon optical constants,” Thin Solid Films 288, 64–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Dell’oca, “Properties and anodization of evaporated aluminum films studied by ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 26, 371–380 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

A. V. Rjanov, Principles of Ellipsometry (Nauka, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, Russia1979) (in Russian).

V. I. Psenicin, M. I. Abaev, N. Y. Lizlov, Ellipsometry in Physicochemical Investigations (Chimia, Leningrad, 1986) (in Russian).

G. A. Candela, D. Chandler-Horowitz, J. F. Marchiando, D. B. Novotny, B. J. Belzer, M. C. Croarkin, Standard Reference Materials: Preparation and Certification of SRM-2530, Ellipsometric Parameters and Derived Thickness and Refractive Index of a Silicon Dioxide Layer on Silicon, NIST Spec. Publ. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md., 1988), 260–109.

Standard Reference Material 2530 Series, available from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md. 20899.

R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977).

E. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constant of Solids (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985), p. 107.

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