Abstract

The diffraction efficiencies of practical dielectric holograms are evaluated with rigorous coupled-wave analysis. The cases of the hologram surfaces eroded in several shapes are treated and compared with those in which the surfaces are not eroded and with those in which there are only surface gratings. Eroding the surface will increase the higher-order reflection diffraction efficiencies and the transmissions, thus reducing the first reflection and the zeroth transmission. However, sealing the hologram with a cover plate, as is done in manufacturing many holograms, extinguishes the erosion effect.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, N. Massey, “Holographic data storage in three-dimensional media,” Appl. Opt. 5, 1303–1311 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. B. Burckhardt, “Diffraction of a plane wave at a sinusoidally stratified dielectric grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1502–1509 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
  4. See, T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. T. Sheridan, “Generalization of the boundary diffraction method for volume gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 649–656 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).
  7. R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, Oxford, 1990).
  8. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 811–818 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Kamiya, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis for practical planar dielectric gratings: 1. Thickness-changed holograms and some characteristics of diffraction efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5843–5853 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Sjölinder, “Dichromated gelatin and the mechanism of hologram formation,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 25, 112–118 (1981).
  11. E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, D. Maystre, “Grating efficiency theory as it applies to blazed and holographic gratings,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2711–2721 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Diffraction analysis of dielectric surface-relief gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1385–1392 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. M. Pai, K. A. Awada, “Analysis of dielectric gratings of arbitrary profiles and thickness,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 755–762 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Lifeng Li, “Multilayer modal method for diffraction gratings of arbitrary profile, depth, and permittivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2581–2591 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Nevière, “Bragg–Fresnel multilayer gratings: electromagnetic theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1835–1845 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. D. Rallison, S. R. Schicker, “Polarization propaties of gelatin holograms,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 266–275 (1992).
  17. G. Campbell, T. J. Kim, R. K. Kostuk, “Comparison of methods for determining the bias index of a dichromated gelatin hologram,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2548–2555 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

1995

1994

1993

1991

1985

See, T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982

1981

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 811–818 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. Sjölinder, “Dichromated gelatin and the mechanism of hologram formation,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 25, 112–118 (1981).

1977

1969

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

1966

Awada, K. A.

Burckhardt, C. B.

Campbell, G.

Cooke, D. J.

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).

Gaylord, T. K.

Kamiya, N.

Kim, T. J.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Kostuk, R. K.

Kozma, A.

Leith, E. N.

Li, Lifeng

Loewen, E. G.

Marks, J.

Massey, N.

Maystre, D.

Moharam, M. G.

Nevière, M.

Pai, D. M.

Rallison, R. D.

R. D. Rallison, S. R. Schicker, “Polarization propaties of gelatin holograms,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 266–275 (1992).

Schicker, S. R.

R. D. Rallison, S. R. Schicker, “Polarization propaties of gelatin holograms,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 266–275 (1992).

Sheridan, J. T.

Sjölinder, S.

S. Sjölinder, “Dichromated gelatin and the mechanism of hologram formation,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 25, 112–118 (1981).

Solymar, L.

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).

Syms, R. R. A.

R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, Oxford, 1990).

Upatnieks, J.

Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Photogr. Sci. Eng.

S. Sjölinder, “Dichromated gelatin and the mechanism of hologram formation,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 25, 112–118 (1981).

Proc. IEEE

See, T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).

R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, Oxford, 1990).

R. D. Rallison, S. R. Schicker, “Polarization propaties of gelatin holograms,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 266–275 (1992).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics