Abstract

A large throughput transmission spectrometer, with a grating on a prism as the diffraction element, has been developed to study altitude distributions of auroral emissions. The imaging spectrometer disperses spectrally in one dimension while spatial information is preserved in the orthogonal direction. The image is projected onto a CCD array detector. Image processing methods have been developed to calibrate for wavelength, uniform field, spectral sensitivity, curvature of field, and spatial mapping. Single images are processed to represent a measured signal brightness in a unit of Rayleighs/pixel, from which area integrations can be made for desired spatial–spectral resolution. System performance is ∼1.5-nm resolution over a 450-nm bandwidth (420–870 nm). Two spectrometer systems of this design were operated simultaneously, one with additional optical instruments and an incoherent scatter radar at Sondrestrom, Greenland, and the other at Godhavn, Greenland, which lies 290 km to the northwest and nearly in the magnetic meridian of Sondrestrom. The developed system, calibration method, and examples of performance results are presented.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (17)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription