Abstract

Coumarin 460 transfers radiative energy to disodium fluorescein when solgel silica is doped with the dyes, producing disodium fluorescein lasing in superradiant mode at a 3.3% peak efficiency under low-energy transverse pumping by a 1.5-mJ N2 laser, with disodium fluorescein being present at a concentration below its lasing threshold value.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Ye, K. S. Lam, K. P. Chik, D. Lo, “Output performance of a dye-doped sol-gel silica laser in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3800–3802 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. S. Lam, D. Lo, K. H. Wong, “Solgel silica laser tunable in the blue,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3380–3382 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Comparison of laser performance of dye molecules in solgel, polycom, ormosil, and poly(methyl methacrylate) host media,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8260–8261 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Dubois, M. Canva, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Photostability of dye molecules trapped in solid matrices,” Appl. Opt. 35, 3193–3199 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Multi-megawatt superradiant emissions from Coumarin-doped sol-gel derived silica,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 365–367 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2729–2733 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Canva, P. Georges, J.-F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Perylene- and pyrromethene-doped xerogel for a pulsed laser,” Appl. Opt. 34, 428–431 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Toward millions of laser pulses with pyrromethene- and perylene-doped xerogels,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6760–6763 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. K. Law, W. O. Siew, K. K. Tham, T. Y. Tou, “An ultraviolet preionized nitrogen laser switched by parallel spark gaps,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 819–821 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergely, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red-green-blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. P. Yee, T. Y. Tou, K. H. Kwek, “Measurements of time delays in superradiant laser emissions from binary dye mixtures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 5718–5720 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. C. Hilborn, H. C. Brayman, “Simultaneous two-wavelength output from multiple-dye pulsed tunable dye lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912–4914 (1974).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Toward millions of laser pulses with pyrromethene- and perylene-doped xerogels,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6760–6763 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Law, W. O. Siew, K. K. Tham, T. Y. Tou, “An ultraviolet preionized nitrogen laser switched by parallel spark gaps,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 819–821 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

A. Dubois, M. Canva, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Photostability of dye molecules trapped in solid matrices,” Appl. Opt. 35, 3193–3199 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ye, K. S. Lam, K. P. Chik, D. Lo, “Output performance of a dye-doped sol-gel silica laser in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3800–3802 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Yee, T. Y. Tou, K. H. Kwek, “Measurements of time delays in superradiant laser emissions from binary dye mixtures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 5718–5720 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

1993 (1)

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Multi-megawatt superradiant emissions from Coumarin-doped sol-gel derived silica,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 365–367 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red-green-blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergely, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Hilborn, H. C. Brayman, “Simultaneous two-wavelength output from multiple-dye pulsed tunable dye lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912–4914 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, S. A.

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergely, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Boilot, J.-P.

Brayman, H. C.

R. C. Hilborn, H. C. Brayman, “Simultaneous two-wavelength output from multiple-dye pulsed tunable dye lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912–4914 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Brusilovsky, D.

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Burstein, Z.

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Canva, M.

Chaput, F.

Chik, K. P.

C. Ye, K. S. Lam, K. P. Chik, D. Lo, “Output performance of a dye-doped sol-gel silica laser in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3800–3802 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, A.

Dunn, B.

Eyal, M.

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Faloss, M.

Fuqua, P. D.

Georges, P.

Gergely, J. S.

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergely, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hilborn, R. C.

R. C. Hilborn, H. C. Brayman, “Simultaneous two-wavelength output from multiple-dye pulsed tunable dye lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912–4914 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Infante, D.

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergely, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ivri, J.

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kano, T.

King, T. A.

Knobbe, E. T.

Kwek, K. H.

Y. P. Yee, T. Y. Tou, K. H. Kwek, “Measurements of time delays in superradiant laser emissions from binary dye mixtures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 5718–5720 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lam, K. S.

C. Ye, K. S. Lam, K. P. Chik, D. Lo, “Output performance of a dye-doped sol-gel silica laser in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3800–3802 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lam, D. Lo, K. H. Wong, “Solgel silica laser tunable in the blue,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3380–3382 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Law, H. K.

H. K. Law, W. O. Siew, K. K. Tham, T. Y. Tou, “An ultraviolet preionized nitrogen laser switched by parallel spark gaps,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 819–821 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lawless, J. L.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Multi-megawatt superradiant emissions from Coumarin-doped sol-gel derived silica,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 365–367 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lo, D.

C. Ye, K. S. Lam, K. P. Chik, D. Lo, “Output performance of a dye-doped sol-gel silica laser in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3800–3802 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lam, D. Lo, K. H. Wong, “Solgel silica laser tunable in the blue,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3380–3382 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Multi-megawatt superradiant emissions from Coumarin-doped sol-gel derived silica,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 365–367 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miron, E.

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, N.

Nishida, F.

Nomura, A.

Parris, J. E.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Multi-megawatt superradiant emissions from Coumarin-doped sol-gel derived silica,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 365–367 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Perelgritz, J.-F.

Rahn, M. D.

Resifeld, R.

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Saito, Y.

Siew, W. O.

H. K. Law, W. O. Siew, K. K. Tham, T. Y. Tou, “An ultraviolet preionized nitrogen laser switched by parallel spark gaps,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 819–821 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tham, K. K.

H. K. Law, W. O. Siew, K. K. Tham, T. Y. Tou, “An ultraviolet preionized nitrogen laser switched by parallel spark gaps,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 819–821 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tou, T. Y.

H. K. Law, W. O. Siew, K. K. Tham, T. Y. Tou, “An ultraviolet preionized nitrogen laser switched by parallel spark gaps,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 819–821 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Yee, T. Y. Tou, K. H. Kwek, “Measurements of time delays in superradiant laser emissions from binary dye mixtures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 5718–5720 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. H.

Ye, C.

C. Ye, K. S. Lam, K. P. Chik, D. Lo, “Output performance of a dye-doped sol-gel silica laser in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3800–3802 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yee, Y. P.

Y. P. Yee, T. Y. Tou, K. H. Kwek, “Measurements of time delays in superradiant laser emissions from binary dye mixtures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 5718–5720 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (7)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Multi-megawatt superradiant emissions from Coumarin-doped sol-gel derived silica,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 365–367 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Ye, K. S. Lam, K. P. Chik, D. Lo, “Output performance of a dye-doped sol-gel silica laser in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3800–3802 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Resifeld, D. Brusilovsky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid-state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. C. Hilborn, H. C. Brayman, “Simultaneous two-wavelength output from multiple-dye pulsed tunable dye lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912–4914 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergely, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. P. Yee, T. Y. Tou, K. H. Kwek, “Measurements of time delays in superradiant laser emissions from binary dye mixtures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 5718–5720 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

H. K. Law, W. O. Siew, K. K. Tham, T. Y. Tou, “An ultraviolet preionized nitrogen laser switched by parallel spark gaps,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 819–821 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conversion efficiency of C460-doped sol-gel silica.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Conversion efficiency of DF from C460–DF-doped sol-gel silica.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence (FL) and superradiant emission (SE) spectra of DF; normalized intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of normalized superradiant outputs of DF and C460 in solgel silica with number of pump shots.

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