Abstract

A 3-μm laser-generation delivery instrument that uses chalcogenide fibers with a unique damage threshold and conical radiation input has been developed for medical applications. A new purification and synthesis scheme has been elaborated that yields fibers with a heterophase inclusion content of less than 104 cm-3. In such fibers the damage threshold is 350 J/cm2 at an average power density of 0.5 kW/cm2 in a YAG:Er laser operating in the repetitive pulse free-running regime with a pulse duration of 350 ms. 1–3 × 104 laser pulses were transmitted at a repetition rate of 3 Hz and an average output power of 1 W under the condition of a 15% decrease in the output power.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. D. Brazitikos, D. J. D’Amico, M. T. Bernal, A. W. Walsh, “Erbium:YAG laser surgery of the vitreous and retina,” Ophthalmology 102, 278–290 (1995).
  2. V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.
  3. A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).
  4. A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.
  5. K. Vogler, M. Reindl, “Improved erbium laser parameters for new medical applications,” Biophoton. Int. 3, 40–47 (1996).
  6. L. E. Busse, J. A. Moon, J. S. Sangrera, I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide fibers deliver high IR power,” Laser Focus World, 143–150 (September1996).
  7. I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).
  8. G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.
  9. G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).
  10. A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).
  11. I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).
  12. A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Laser induced damage in transparent solids,” Usp. Fis. Nauk 148, 179–209 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1996

K. Vogler, M. Reindl, “Improved erbium laser parameters for new medical applications,” Biophoton. Int. 3, 40–47 (1996).

L. E. Busse, J. A. Moon, J. S. Sangrera, I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide fibers deliver high IR power,” Laser Focus World, 143–150 (September1996).

1995

P. D. Brazitikos, D. J. D’Amico, M. T. Bernal, A. W. Walsh, “Erbium:YAG laser surgery of the vitreous and retina,” Ophthalmology 102, 278–290 (1995).

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

1994

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).

1993

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).

1992

A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).

1989

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

1986

A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Laser induced damage in transparent solids,” Usp. Fis. Nauk 148, 179–209 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

L. E. Busse, J. A. Moon, J. S. Sangrera, I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide fibers deliver high IR power,” Laser Focus World, 143–150 (September1996).

Antipenko, A. G.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

Artememyev, N. V.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

Bernal, M. T.

P. D. Brazitikos, D. J. D’Amico, M. T. Bernal, A. W. Walsh, “Erbium:YAG laser surgery of the vitreous and retina,” Ophthalmology 102, 278–290 (1995).

Betin, A. A.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).

Bityurin, N.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Brazitikos, P. D.

P. D. Brazitikos, D. J. D’Amico, M. T. Bernal, A. W. Walsh, “Erbium:YAG laser surgery of the vitreous and retina,” Ophthalmology 102, 278–290 (1995).

Busse, L. E.

L. E. Busse, J. A. Moon, J. S. Sangrera, I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide fibers deliver high IR power,” Laser Focus World, 143–150 (September1996).

Churbanov, M. F.

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.

D’Amico, D. J.

P. D. Brazitikos, D. J. D’Amico, M. T. Bernal, A. W. Walsh, “Erbium:YAG laser surgery of the vitreous and retina,” Ophthalmology 102, 278–290 (1995).

Devyatykh, G. G.

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Feldchtein, F.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Feldchtein, F. I.

A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.

Gelikonov, G.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Gelikonov, G. V.

A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.

Gelikonov, V.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Gelikonov, V. M.

A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.

Gladkova, N. D.

A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.

Kamensky, V.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Kamensky, V. A.

A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).

A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.

Kamensky, V. R.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

Kolpashnikov, V. P.

G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Lasarev, S. E.

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

Manenkov, A. A.

A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Laser induced damage in transparent solids,” Usp. Fis. Nauk 148, 179–209 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Moon, J. A.

L. E. Busse, J. A. Moon, J. S. Sangrera, I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide fibers deliver high IR power,” Laser Focus World, 143–150 (September1996).

Novikov, V. P.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).

Plotnichenko, V. G.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).

Pravdenko, K.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, “Laser induced damage in transparent solids,” Usp. Fis. Nauk 148, 179–209 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pushkin, A.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Pushkin, A. A.

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).

Reindl, M.

K. Vogler, M. Reindl, “Improved erbium laser parameters for new medical applications,” Biophoton. Int. 3, 40–47 (1996).

Sangrera, J. S.

L. E. Busse, J. A. Moon, J. S. Sangrera, I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide fibers deliver high IR power,” Laser Focus World, 143–150 (September1996).

Scripachev, I. V.

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).

A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Sergeev, A.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Sergeev, A. A.

A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.

Shipunov, V. A.

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Shiryaev, V. S.

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).

Skripachev, I. V.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

Skripatshev, I.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Snopatin, G. E.

A. G. Antipenko, N. V. Artememyev, A. A. Betin, V. R. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “Use of a YAG:Er laser with a chalcogenide fibre waveguide in laser surgery,” Quantum Electron. 22, 523–525 (1995).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).

A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Tshurbanov, M.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

Vogler, K.

K. Vogler, M. Reindl, “Improved erbium laser parameters for new medical applications,” Biophoton. Int. 3, 40–47 (1996).

Walsh, A. W.

P. D. Brazitikos, D. J. D’Amico, M. T. Bernal, A. W. Walsh, “Erbium:YAG laser surgery of the vitreous and retina,” Ophthalmology 102, 278–290 (1995).

Biophoton. Int.

K. Vogler, M. Reindl, “Improved erbium laser parameters for new medical applications,” Biophoton. Int. 3, 40–47 (1996).

Laser Focus World

L. E. Busse, J. A. Moon, J. S. Sangrera, I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide fibers deliver high IR power,” Laser Focus World, 143–150 (September1996).

Ophthalmology

P. D. Brazitikos, D. J. D’Amico, M. T. Bernal, A. W. Walsh, “Erbium:YAG laser surgery of the vitreous and retina,” Ophthalmology 102, 278–290 (1995).

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[CrossRef]

Vysokochistye Vechshestva

G. G. Devyatykh, S. E. Lasarev, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. A. Shipunov, “Determination of impurity inclusions of submicron dimensions in selenium, arsenic and glasses of the As–Se system,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 3, 911–914 (1989).

A. A. Betin, V. A. Kamensky, V. P. Novikov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, “A delivery of YAG:Er laser radiation through As–S chalcogenide fibers,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 1, 173–175 (1992).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, “Carboneous nature of heterophase inclusions in glassy As2S3,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 186–189 (1993).

I. V. Scripachev, V. G. Plotnichenko, G. E. Snopatin, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of double-layer fibers based on high-purity As–S, As–Se and Ge–As–Se glasses,” Vysokochistye Vechshestva 4, 34–41 (1994).

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G. G. Devyatykh, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. P. Kolpashnikov, V. A. Shipunov, “A technique of IR fiber preparation,” patent of the Russian Federation1,721,997 (2April1990). The patent is valid only in the territory of the Russian Federation.

A. A. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, G. V. Gelikonov, F. I. Feldchtein, N. D. Gladkova, V. A. Kamensky, “Biomedical diagnostics using optical cogerence tomography,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 196.

V. Kamensky, V. Gelikonov, G. Gelikonov, K. Pravdenko, N. Bityurin, A. Sergeev, F. Feldchtein, A. Pushkin, I. Skripatshev, M. Tshurbanov, “YAG:Er laser system for eye microsurgery with OCT monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 60.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical attenuation at mid-IR wavelengths in a sulfide-based chalcogenide glass fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relation between the number of pulses necessary for damage and the energy at the fiber output. Core diameter, 460 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relation between the pulse energy density and the number of pulses necessary for As–S glass sample bulk damage (see Table 1).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical Parameters of the As–S Chalcogenide Glass Samples

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