Abstract

We demonstrate a novel, Michelson-based, ultrafast multiplexer with a throughput approaching 100% for a polarization-multiplexed train and 50% for a linearly polarized train, which is compatible with a high-energy pulse train and shaped-pulse generation. The interpulse spacings in the resultant 2n-pulse train can be adjusted continuously from multinanoseconds through zero. Using this interferometer, we also demonstrate generation of a 16-pulse train of terahertz pulses.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. J. Temkin, “Excitation of an atom by a train of short pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 830–839 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, A. M. Weiner, “Enhancement of narrow-band terahertz radiation from photoconducting antennas by optical pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1762–1764 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirshner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Dugan, J. X. Tull, J.-K. Ree, W. S. Warren, “High-resolution ultrafast laser pulse shaping for quantum control and terabit per second communications,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, W. Zinth, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 26–27.
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Liu, R. Wagner, A. Maksimchuk, E. Goodman, J. Workman, D. Umstadter, A. Migus, “Nonlinear temporal diffraction and frequency shifts resulting from pulse shaping in chirped-pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1163–1165 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. W. E. Martin, D. Milam, “Interpulse interference and passive laser pulse shapers,” Appl. Opt. 15, 3054–3061 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, R. A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 619–621 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. C. Wu, L.-Y. Lin, S.-S. Lee, K. S. J. Pister, “Micromachined free-space integrated micro-optics,” Sensors Actuators 50, 127–134 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1997

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, R. A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, K. R. Stewart, “Scaling of terahertz radiation via optical rectification in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Wu, L.-Y. Lin, S.-S. Lee, K. S. J. Pister, “Micromachined free-space integrated micro-optics,” Sensors Actuators 50, 127–134 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, R. Wagner, A. Maksimchuk, E. Goodman, J. Workman, D. Umstadter, A. Migus, “Nonlinear temporal diffraction and frequency shifts resulting from pulse shaping in chirped-pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1163–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Clayton, N. A. Kurnit, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Application of conventional laser technology to gamma–gamma colliders,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 355, 121–129 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, J. Kim, “Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224–1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

1988

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirshner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1976

Andrews, S. R.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bardeen, C. J.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carpenter, S. C.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carrig, T. J.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, K. R. Stewart, “Scaling of terahertz radiation via optical rectification in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, C. E.

C. E. Clayton, N. A. Kurnit, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Application of conventional laser technology to gamma–gamma colliders,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 355, 121–129 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Clement, T. S.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, K. R. Stewart, “Scaling of terahertz radiation via optical rectification in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cluff, J. A.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dugan, M.

M. Dugan, J. X. Tull, J.-K. Ree, W. S. Warren, “High-resolution ultrafast laser pulse shaping for quantum control and terabit per second communications,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, W. Zinth, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 26–27.
[CrossRef]

Esarey, E.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, J. Kim, “Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224–1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goodman, E.

Heritage, J. P.

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirshner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Höpfel, R. A.

C. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, R. A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huggard, P. G.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, J. Kim, “Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224–1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirshner, E. M.

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirshner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kostner, H.

C. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, R. A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurnit, N. A.

C. E. Clayton, N. A. Kurnit, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Application of conventional laser technology to gamma–gamma colliders,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 355, 121–129 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-S.

M. C. Wu, L.-Y. Lin, S.-S. Lee, K. S. J. Pister, “Micromachined free-space integrated micro-optics,” Sensors Actuators 50, 127–134 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.-Y.

M. C. Wu, L.-Y. Lin, S.-S. Lee, K. S. J. Pister, “Micromachined free-space integrated micro-optics,” Sensors Actuators 50, 127–134 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Linfield, E. H.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Maksimchuk, A.

Martin, W. E.

Messner, C.

C. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, R. A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

C. E. Clayton, N. A. Kurnit, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Application of conventional laser technology to gamma–gamma colliders,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 355, 121–129 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Milam, D.

Murnane, M. M.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-G.

Pister, K. S. J.

M. C. Wu, L.-Y. Lin, S.-S. Lee, K. S. J. Pister, “Micromachined free-space integrated micro-optics,” Sensors Actuators 50, 127–134 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ree, J.-K.

M. Dugan, J. X. Tull, J.-K. Ree, W. S. Warren, “High-resolution ultrafast laser pulse shaping for quantum control and terabit per second communications,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, W. Zinth, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 26–27.
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, D. A.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, K. R. Stewart, “Scaling of terahertz radiation via optical rectification in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sailer, M.

C. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, R. A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, C. J.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, K. R.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, K. R. Stewart, “Scaling of terahertz radiation via optical rectification in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, K. R. Stewart, “Scaling of terahertz radiation via optical rectification in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, R. J.

Tull, J. X.

M. Dugan, J. X. Tull, J.-K. Ree, W. S. Warren, “High-resolution ultrafast laser pulse shaping for quantum control and terabit per second communications,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, W. Zinth, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 26–27.
[CrossRef]

Umstadter, D.

Wagner, R.

Warren, W. S.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Dugan, J. X. Tull, J.-K. Ree, W. S. Warren, “High-resolution ultrafast laser pulse shaping for quantum control and terabit per second communications,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, W. Zinth, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 26–27.
[CrossRef]

Weber, P. M.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Wilson, K. R.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Workman, J.

Wu, M. C.

M. C. Wu, L.-Y. Lin, S.-S. Lee, K. S. J. Pister, “Micromachined free-space integrated micro-optics,” Sensors Actuators 50, 127–134 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

C. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, R. A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using subpicosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, K. R. Stewart, “Scaling of terahertz radiation via optical rectification in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. C. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151–158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirshner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nucl. Instrum. Methods A

C. E. Clayton, N. A. Kurnit, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Application of conventional laser technology to gamma–gamma colliders,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 355, 121–129 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, J. Kim, “Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224–1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sensors Actuators

M. C. Wu, L.-Y. Lin, S.-S. Lee, K. S. J. Pister, “Micromachined free-space integrated micro-optics,” Sensors Actuators 50, 127–134 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Dugan, J. X. Tull, J.-K. Ree, W. S. Warren, “High-resolution ultrafast laser pulse shaping for quantum control and terabit per second communications,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, W. Zinth, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 26–27.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Interferometer design for generation of a train of 16 pulses. For equally spaced pulses, arm 2 is lengthened by half a unit, arm 3 by one unit, arm 6 by two units, and arm 8 by four units.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

With the 16-pulse interferometer configured for 3-ps pulse separations, blocking particular arms produces these and similar pulse trains. For these data the output of the interferometer is cross-correlated with a single gate pulse, split off before the interferometer, in a 0.5-mm KDP crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Linear power meter (Molectron PM3) measurements of the pulse energies (top) and cross correlation of each pulse separately as well as a cross correlation of the full pulse train (bottom). Note the good agreement between the linear measurements of pulse energy and the full-train cross-correlation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Top) Output of the interferometer configured to produce a dark pulse. To produce this output, four pulses separated by 200 fs were stacked together with the second pair of pulses out of phase from the first pair by π. (Bottom) Output of the interferometer configured to produce a super-Gaussian pulse. To produce this output, four pulses separated by 200 fs were stacked together in phase.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Terahertz pulse trains resulting from a multipulse (1, 2, 4, 8, and 16) optical excitation of DAST with a pulse separation of 3 ps. The optical pulse trains were generated with the interferometer shown in Fig. 1.

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