Abstract

A wave-front-correction element (WFCE) is produced to make a cylindrical Ag-ion-exchanged gradient-index (GRIN) lens with a high numerical aperture (0.53) diffraction limited (wave-front error, 0.02λ rms). The wave-front aberrations of the cylindrical GRIN lens are measured by a phase-shifting shearing interferometer, with a conventional microscope objective used as a compensation lens. The continuous surface relief of the WFCE is produced by a lithographic process. The wave-front-corrected GRIN lens is applied to collimate the strongly divergent light (57° full diverging angle measured at 1/e 2 of maximum intensity) emitted by a high-power diode laser. The power irradiated into a full angle of 2 mrad can be enhanced by a factor of 1.8 with the WFCE.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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