Abstract

A phase-aberration-correction system that uses high-resolution, twisted nematic liquid-crystal spatial light modulators in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer is presented. A correction algorithm is described and experimentally verified by use initially of one liquid-crystal panel. Phase aberrations are successfully removed by a single liquid-crystal panel, but unacceptably high amplitude variation is introduced into the wave front because of the phase–amplitude coupling of the spatial light modulator. A second panel is used to remove the amplitude modulation. The modified optical system with a multiplicative architecture is described, and results are presented that show the correction of phase aberrations with an amplitude variation of less than 10%.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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