Abstract

The tracking-error signal generated in differential phase detection (DPD) is theoretically analyzed and numerically simulated. Experimental measurements of the DPD signal versus the tracking offset obtained on compact read-only and phase-change disks are also reported. The signal is sensitive to the geometry of the marks, intersymbol interference along the track, and cross-track cross talk. A characteristic parameter is introduced to relate the DPD signal to the reflectivities of the mark and the spacer. For read-only disks such as CD-ROM and DVD-ROM, the magnitude of the DPD signal does not seem to depend on the reflectivity of the disks, nor does it depend on the pit depth. As for the influence of the various aberrations on the DPD signal, coma in the cross-track direction is shown to give rise to significant tracking offset, whereas defocus and spherical aberrations reduce the magnitude of the DPD signal appreciably.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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