Abstract

Highly-efficient two-step recoded and one-step nonrecoded trinary signed-digit (TSD) carry-free adders–subtracters are presented on the basis of redundant-bit representation for the operands’ digits. It has been shown that only 24 (30) minterms are needed to implement the two-step recoded (the one-step nonrecoded) TSD addition for any operand length. Optical implementation of the proposed arithmetic can be carried out by use of correlation- or matrix-multiplication-based schemes, saving 50% of the system memory. Furthermore, we present four different multiplication designs based on our proposed recoded and nonrecoded TSD adders. Our multiplication designs require a small number of reduced minterms to generate the multiplication partial products. Finally, a recently proposed pipelined iterative-tree algorithm can be used in the TSD adders–multipliers; consequently, efficient use of all available adders can be made.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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